Vidhu, Vidhū: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Vidhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vidhu (विधु) refers to the “moon”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] At the same time, several phenomena of evil portent forboding misery and distress happened, when the son of Varāṅgī was born making the gods miserable. [...] O great Brahmin, the misty haloes around the sun and the moon [i.e., sūrya-vidhu] in the grip of Rāhu became the harbingers of great fear and unhappiness. At that time terrifying sounds that resembled those of the chariot issued forth from cracks and crevices in the mountains. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vidhu (विधु).—A name of the moon; shone in ten directions having got the over-lordship of the seven worlds by tapas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 28-31.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Vidhu (विधु) represents the number 1 (one) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 1—vidhu] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vidhu (विधु) is another name for Deva-nātha (one of the Nine Nāthas) according to sources such as the Kulakaulinīmata and Kumārikākhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra.—This group of nine Nātha Siddhas related to Gorakhanātha are venerated by his followers as nine founder figures. According to the Kulakaulinīmata, Mitranātha made nine disciples in Candrapura in Koṅkaṇa. These are called the Current of Men that Mitrīśa, the First Teacher of this Age, generated as his spiritual sons. These Nine Nāthas [e.g., Deva-nātha] originally resided in his body as his vital breaths from which they emerged and were born as men in nine places.—Devanātha is associated with the following: Breath: Vyāna; Gods of the Directions: Nairṛti; Planet: Mars; Snake (Nāga): Śaṃkhapāla; Other names: Vidhu.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vidhu.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. Note: vidhu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidhu (विधु).—[vyadh-kuḥ Uṇādi-sūtra 1.23]

1) The moon; सविता विधवति विधुरपि सवितरति दिनन्ति यामिन्यः (savitā vidhavati vidhurapi savitarati dinanti yāminyaḥ) K.P.1.

2) Comphor.

3) A demon, fiend.

4) An expiatory oblation.

5) Name of Viṣṇu.

6) Name of Brahman.

7) Name of Śiva.

8) Wind.

9) War, battle.

Derivable forms: vidhuḥ (विधुः).

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Vidhū (विधू).—5, 1 U., 6 P.

1) To shake, move, cause to tremble; वायुर्विधूनयति चम्पकपुष्परेणून् (vāyurvidhūnayati campakapuṣpareṇūn) Kavirahasya; मृदु- पवनविधूतान् (mṛdu- pavanavidhūtān) Ṛtusaṃhāra 6.29;3.1; दीर्घां वेणीं विधुन्वाना (dīrghāṃ veṇīṃ vidhunvānā) Mb.

2) To shake off, destroy, expel, drive away; कपेर्विधवितुं द्युतिम् (kapervidhavituṃ dyutim) Bhaṭṭikāvya 9.28.

3) To spurn, despise, treat with contempt; ज्यानिघातकठिनत्वचो भुजान् स्वान् विधूय धिगिति प्रतस्थिरे (jyānighātakaṭhinatvaco bhujān svān vidhūya dhigiti pratasthire) R.11.4.

4) To leave, give up, abandon; द्रुतं विधूयान्यत् (drutaṃ vidhūyānyat) N.1.35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhu (विधु).—m.

(-dhuḥ) 1. The moon. 2. Vishnu. 3. Camphor. 4. A name of Brahma. 5. A Rakshasa, a goblin. 6. An expiatory oblation. E. vyadh to pain or hurt, Unadi, aff. ku, and the semivowel changed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhu (विधु).—m. 1. The moon, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 127. 2. Viṣṇu. 3. Brahman. 4. A Rākṣasa. 5. An expiatory oblation. 6. Camphor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhu (विधु).—1. [masculine] throb (of the heart).

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Vidhu (विधु).—2. [adjective] lonely; [masculine] the moon.

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Vidhū (विधू).—shake, toss, swing ([Middle] also refl.), fan, kindle, drive asunder or away, remove, destroy; [Middle] shake off (1 or 2 [accusative]), give up, renounce.

Vidhū is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and dhū (धू).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidhu (विधु):—[from vidh] a See p. 968, col. 2.

2) 1. vidhu mfn. ([probably] [from] √2. vidh; for 2. vi-dhu See vi-√dhū, [column]3) lonely, solitary, [Ṛg-veda x, 55, 5] (applied to the moon; [according to] to [Sāyaṇa] = vi-dhātṛ, vi-dhārayitṛ)

3) m. the moon, [Manu-smṛti; Bhartṛhari; Gīta-govinda]

4) ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also, ‘camphor; Name of Brahmā and of Viṣṇu; a Rākṣasa; wind; an expiatory oblation; time; = āyudha’)

5) Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] vipra).

6) Vidhū (विधू):—[=vi-√dhū] [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -dhūnoti, -dhūnute (later also -dhunoti, -dhunute; [infinitive mood] -dhavitum, or -dhotum),

—to shake about, move to and fro, agitate, toss about ([Ātmanepada] also ‘one’s self’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to fan, kindle (fire), [Mahābhārata];

—to shake off, drive away, scatter, disperse, remove, destroy, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.;

— ([Ātmanepada]) to shake off from one’s self, relinquish, abandon, give up, [Atharva-veda; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.:

—[Passive voice] -dhūyate ([Epic] also ti), to be shaken or agitated, [Mahābhārata] :

—[Causal] -dhūnayati, to cause to shake about etc.;

—to shake violently, agitate, harass, annoy, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

7) Vidhu (विधु):—[=vi-dhu] [from vi-dhū] 2. vi-dhu m. (for 1. See [column]2) palpitation, throbbing (of the heart), [Atharva-veda ix, 8, 22.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhu (विधु):—(dhuḥ) 1. m. The moon; camphor; Vishnu; Brahmā; a goblin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vidhu (विधु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vihu, Vihuṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidhu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vidhu (विधु):—(nm) the moon; ~[mukhī/vadanī] blessed with a moon-like face, pretty-faced.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vidhu (ವಿಧು):—

1) [noun] the moon.

2) [noun] the Moon-God.

3) [noun] Viṣṇu.

4) [noun] Brahma.

5) [noun] camphor.

6) [noun] a demon.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Vidhu (विधु):—n. 1. the moon; 2. Mythol. an epithet of Brahma; 3. Mythol. name of Vishnu; 4. camphor; 5. wind; air;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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