Van, Vān, Vaṇ: 12 definitions


Van means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Van [ਵਣ] in the Punjabi language is the name of a plant identified with Salvadora oleoides Decne. from the Salvadoraceae (Salvadora) family. For the possible medicinal usage of van, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vān (वान्).—A Sanskrit affix to nouns ending in a or ā, or in a consonant of which the inherent short vowel is dropped; forming them into attributives. This is the masculine termination; the feminine and neuter are vatī & vat. Ex. dravyavān, bhāgyavān, dhūmavān Rich, fortunate, smoky; ētadvān, tadvān, payasvān Possessed of this, of that, of water or milk &c. In Maraṭhi however the fem. and neut. terminations are little used. As this affix is taken by nouns ending in a (inherent) or ā, so the affix mān is taken by nouns terminating in any other vowel. Ex. dhanavān, lajjāvān, kīrttimān, dhīmān, bhānumān or aṃśumān, bhrūmān, gōmān, naumān. This affix therefore supplies the deficient power of the affix mān q. v.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vān (वान्).—or -vān, naśibācē tālē See under nasība.

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vān (वान्).—or -vān a Fortunate, prosperous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaṇ (वण्).—1 P. (vaṇati) To sound.

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Van (वन्).—I. 1 P. (vanati)

1) To honour, worship.

2) To aid.

3) To sound.

4) To be occupied or engaged. -II. 8 U. (vanoti, vanute, usually vanute only)

1) To beg, ask, request (said to govern two acc.); तोयदादितरं नैव चातको वनुते जलम् (toyadāditaraṃ naiva cātako vanute jalam).

2) To seek for, seek to obtain.

3) To conquer, possess.

4) Ved. To like, love.

5) To wish, desire.

6) To make ready, prepare for.

7) To hurt, injure. -III. 1 P., 1 U. (vanati, vānayati-te)

1) To favour, aid.

2) To hurt, injure.

3) To sound.

4) To confide in.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaṇ (वण्).—[(ṛ)vaṇṛ] r. 1st cl. (vaṇati) To sound; also vana .

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Van (वन्).—r. 1st and 10th cls. (vanati vānayati-te) 1. To sound. 2. To serve, to honour. 3. To help. 4. To be distressed. (u) vanu r. 1st and 10th cls. (vanati vānayati-te) 1. To act, to transact business. 2. To injure; r. 8th cl. (vanute) To ask or beg.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaṇ (वण्).—baṇ BaṆ, i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To sound.

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Van (वन्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To sound. 2. To serve, to honour. [Causal.] vanaya, 1. To act. 2. To hurt, to kill. See 3. tan.

— Cf. perhaps [Anglo-Saxon.] an-winnan, to fight against.

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Van (वन्).—ii. 8, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] (in the Vedas also i. 1; ii. 2, etc.). 1. To ask, to beg. 2. To accept, Chr. 288, 11 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 11. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. vanita, Solicited, begged. f. , 1. A beloved woman, a mistress, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 36. 2. A woman in general, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 44. 3. A female bird, [Kirātārjunīya] 6, 8. Comp. Tridaśa-, f. , the wife of a deity, Megh 59. Sa-nāka -vanita, adj. endowed with the celestial women (i. e. the Apsarases), [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 27.

— Cf. 1. van, the vedic use, and [Latin] Venus, venustas, venerari; [Old High German.] wunna; [Anglo-Saxon.] wyn, ge-wenian; [Gothic.] vêna; [Anglo-Saxon.] to-wenan; probably

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Van (वन्).—1. () vanoti vanute vanati (vanati), °te, [participle] vāta (—°) & vanita (cf. vanitā) like, love; wish, desire, aim at; get, obtain, acquire, win, conquer, dispose of, possess, enjoy. [Causative] vānayati & [Desiderative] vivāsati, te (only —°).

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Van (वन्).—2. (only [genetive] & [locative] [plural]) wood, wooden vessel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaṇ (वण्):—(also written baṇ) [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] vaṇati ([perfect tense] vavāṇa etc.; [Causal] [Aorist] avīvaṇat, or avavāṇat), to sound, [Dhātupāṭha xiii, 3.]

2) Van (वन्):—1. van [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xiii, 19; 20; xix, 42]) vanati ([Vedic or Veda] also te, and vanati);—[class] 8. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] ([xxx, 8]) vanoti, vanute ([perfect tense] vāvāna, vāvantha, vavanma, vavne; p. vavanvas, [Ṛg-veda]; [Aorist] vanta, vaṃsva, [ib.]; vaṃsat, sate, [ib.]; vaniṣat, [Atharva-veda]; ṣanta, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; vanuṣanta, [Ṛg-veda]; [Potential] vaṃsīmahi, vasīmahi, [ib.]; Prec. vaniṣīṣṭa, [Ṛg-veda] vaṃsiṣīya, [Atharva-veda]; [future] vanitā [grammar]; vaniṣyate, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]; [infinitive mood] vanitum [grammar]; -vantave, [Ṛg-veda]),

2) —to like, love, wish, desire, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kāṭhaka; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra];

2) —to gain, acquire, procure (for one’s self or others), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

2) —to conquer, win, become master of, possess, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda];

2) —to prepare, make ready for, aim at, attack, [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to hurt, injure, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary] ([Dhātupāṭha] also ‘to sound’; ‘to serve, honour, worship, help, aid’) :—[Causal] vanayati or vānayati, [Dhātupāṭha xix, 68];—[xxxix, 33] [varia lectio] (cf. saṃ-√van) :

2) —[Desiderative] vivāsati, te, to attract, seek to win over, [Ṛg-veda] :—[Intensive] (only vāvanaḥ and vāvandhi; but cf. vanīvan)

2) —to love, like, [Ṛg-veda]

3) cf. [Latin] venia, Venus; Got. gawinnan; [German] gewinnen; [English] win.

4) 2. van = vana (only in [genitive case] and [locative case] [plural] vanām vaṃsu), ‘wood’ or, ‘a wooden vessel’ [Ṛg-veda]

5) love, worship, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Vāṅ (वाङ्):—[from vāc] in [compound] for vāc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaṇ (वण्):—(ṛ) vaṇati 1. a. To sound.

2) Van (वन्):—(ki) vanu (ṅa, da) vanute 8. d. To ask, to beg. (ki) vanati yati 1. 10. a. To sound; to serve; to be distressed; to transact business.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Van (वन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Van in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Van in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) wood, forest, jungle; water; ~[khamda] forest; land; forestry; woodland; ~[gamana] going to the forest; taking to asceticism; —, [gahana] dense forest; ~[cara/cari] a forester, woodman, forest-farer; ~[ja/jati] wild, born in the jungle; a lotus flower; ~[da] a cloud; ~[devata] a satyr, sylvanus; —[devi] a dryad; ~[dhanya] wild foodgrain; ~[pramta] forest; forestry; woodland; ~[pala] a forester; forest ranger; -[mahotsava] an Indian movement for augmentation of the forest wealth; ~[mala] a wreath of wild flowers; ~[raja] a lion; -[rakshana] forest preservation; ~[ropana] afforestation; ~[lakshmi] a forest-beauty; forest-godness; ~[vasa] dwelling in a forest; exile, banishment; •[dena] to command to dwell in the forest, exiled, banished; ~[vasi] inhabitant of a forest; an ascetic; ~[vidya] forestry; -[samvardhana] forestation; -[samskriti] forest culture; ~[sthali] woodland, forest land..—van (वन) is alternatively transliterated as Vana.

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