Vanavasin, Vanavāsī, Vanavāsin, Vanavasi, Vanavashi, Vana-vasin: 22 definitions


Vanavasin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Vanavasin in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Vanavāsī (वनवासी) is another name for Ṛṣabhaka, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Microstylis muscifera Ridley which is a synonym of Malaxis muscifera (Lindl.) or “fly bearing malaxis” from the Orchidaceae or “orchid” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.14-16 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Vanavāsī and Ṛṣabhaka, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vanavasin in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्) refers to “one who lives in the forest”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The Śāmbhava yogi) has the authority (to perform the rites), knows the scripture and has a consort. [...] The observance of the teacher’s dictates is his vow. He resides in a mountain cave. Having established his space, he fasts and eats roots and bulbs. He is a regular initiate and eats what he has begged from houses. He is a yogi who lives in the forest [i.e., vanavāsin]. Free of duality and craving, he is intent on practicing Yoga at night. Free of being and non-being, he is wrapped in an old blanket. ”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Vanavasin in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्) refers to the “forest-men ”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five constellations from Maghā form the third maṇḍala: if Venus should reappear in it, crops will suffer; there will also be suffering from hunger and robbers. Cāṇḍālas will prosper and there will be an intermingling of castes. If Venus, who so reappears in the said maṇḍala, should be crossed by a planet, shepherds, hunters, the Śūdras, the Puṇḍras the border Mlecchas, the Śūlikas, forestmen [i.e., vanavāsin], the Draviḍas and persons who live close to the sea will be afflicted with miseries”.

2) Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्) refers to a country belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Vanavāsin] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Vanavasi (Vanavasika) Tissa. A monk. In his previous birth he was the brahmin Mahasena (q.v.). During pregnancy his mother invited Sariputta with five hundred monks, to her house, and fed them on milk rice. She herself put on yellow robes and ate of the rice left by the monks. On the day of his naming, he presented Sariputta with his blanket. He was called Tissa after Sariputta, whose personal name was Upatissa. At the age of seven Tissa joined the Order and his parents held a festival lasting for seven days, distributing porridge and honey to the monks. On the eighth day, when Tissa went for alms in Savatthi, he received one thousand bowls of alms and one thousand pieces of cloth, all of which he gave to the monks. This earned for him the name of Pindapatadayaka. One day, in the cold season, he saw monks warming themselves before fires and, discovering that they had no blankets, he, accompanied by one thousand monks, went into the city. Wherever he went people gave him blankets; one shopkeeper had hidden two of his very costly blankets, but on seeing Tissa he gave them willingly. Tissa thus got one thousand blankets and was thereafter called Kambaladayaka.

Having discovered that, at Jetavana, his young relations came too often to see him, he obtained a formula of meditation and went into the forest to a distance of twenty leagues from Savatthi. At the request of the inhabitants of the village near by, he spent the rainy season in the forest hermitage, going into the village for alms. There, at the end of two months, he attained arahantship. Because he was so devoted to the forest, he was given the name of Vanavasi. At the end of the vassa, all the Buddhas chief disciples, with a retinue of forty thousand monks, visited Tissa in his hermitage, arriving there in the evening. The villagers, recognizing Sariputta, asked him to preach the Dhamma, saying that Tissa, their teacher, knew only two sentences May you be happy, may you obtain release from suffering! which sentences he repeated whenever anyone made him a gift. Thereupon Sariputta asked him to explain the meaning of the two sentences, and the novice preached till sunrise, summarizing the whole of the Buddhas teaching even as a thunderstorm rains incessantly upon the four great continents.

At the end of the discourse Tissas supporters were divided into two camps, some were offended that he should not have preached to them before, while others marvelled at his saintliness and skill. The Buddha, aware of this disagreement, went himself to the village. The villagers gave alms to the Buddha and the monks, and, in returning thanks, the Buddha told them how fortunate they were that, owing to Tissa, they had been able to see himself and his chief disciples. They were then all satisfied.

On the way back to Savatthi,

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhist Teachers, Deities and other Spiritual beings

Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्) refers to one of the Sixteen Arhats (known in Tibetan as gnas brtan bcu drug) who were chosen by Buddha Shakyamuni to remain in the world and protect the Dharma until the arrival of the future Buddha Maitreya. They vowed to maintain the Dharma for as long as beings could benefit from it. These legendary Arhats [e.g., Vanavāsin] were revered in countries such as China, Japan, India and Tibet—a tradition which continues up until this day, for example in Zen Buddhism and Tibetan art.

Vanavāsin is associated with Mount Saptaparṇa in the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism. He is also known in Tibetan as (1) Nagnanepa [nags na gnas] (2) [nags na gnas pa] (3) [nags-gnas]; and in Chinese as 伐那婆斯尊者 [Pinyin: fánàpósī zūnzhě; Romaji: banabashi sonja]

Source: Rigpa Shedra: Wiki

Vanavasin refers to one of the Sixteen Arhats who where requested by the Buddha to protect the Dharma for as long as beings are capable of benefitting from the teachings.—Vanavasin was a learned scholar of the Vedas who became an ascetic in the forest and attained a certain level of realization. Knowing it was the right time to convert him, the Buddha came to the grove where he lived. Upon seeing the Buddha he was immediately filled with faith. He then listened to the Dharma, studied and practiced with great devotion and attained the level of arhat. The Buddha said that amongst those who dwell in solitude, Vanavasin is the most excellent. With a retinue of 1,400 arhats he dwells in the mountain cave of Saptaparni in Rajagriha, India. He has the power to counteract the effect of actions opposed to the Three Jewels, and praying to him protects from distraction and leads to the fulfilment of all wishes.

Vanavasin is known in Sanskrit as Vanavāsin and in Tibetan as Nagnanepa [nags na gnas pa].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Vanavāsī or Vanavāsa.—The city of Vanavāsī is known as Vejayantī, in one of the Karle inscriptions and in Nasik cave inscription of Lord of Venākaṭaka, Gotamiputa Siri Sadakaṇi. The Nasik grant is issued from the military camp of Vejayantī. Aihole inscription describes Vanavāsī as a place, which has for a girdle the rows of singing haṃsas that play on the light waves of the Varadā river. The city by her wealth rivalled the city of the gods. Vanavāsī is identical with Vanavasi in Shimoga district of Mysore State.

Ptolemy draws a distinction between Byzantium, a market town on the coast and Bandouasoi, an island city. It is possible that foreigners did not always understand the distinction between Vaijayantī-Banavāsī in the interior on the banks of the river Varadā, and its fort which may have laid somewhere on the west coast and bore the same name.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Vanavāsī (वनवासी) is the name of a locality situated in Dakkhiṇāpatha (Deccan) or “southern district” of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Thera Rakkhita was sent as a missionary to Vanavāsī for the spread of Buddhism there. During the Buddhist period as also afterwards, Northern Canara was known as Vanavāsī. According to Dr. Buhler, it was situated between the Ghats, Tungabhadra and Barodā. Tha Sāsanavaṃsa also refers to a country called Vanavāsī which, however, is identical with the country round Prome in Lower Burma.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vanavasin in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vanavāsī : (adj.) dwelling in the forest.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vanavāsin refers to: forest-dweller SnA 56 (Mahā-tissatthera).

Note: vanavāsin is a Pali compound consisting of the words vana and vāsin.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vanavasin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्).—m.

1) a forest-dweller, forester.

2) a hermit; so वनस्थायिन् (vanasthāyin).

Vanavāsin is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vana and vāsin (वासिन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्).—m., name of a region (janapada; in the south): Gaṇḍavyūha 76.20; 77.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्).—mfn. (-sī-sinī-si) Wild, forest, who or what dwells in woods. m. (-sī) 1. An anchoret, a hermit. 2. A forester. E. vana forest, vāsa abode, aff. ini .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्).—I. adj. abiding in woods, wild, [Hitopadeśa] 88, 7, M.M. Ii. m. a hermit.

Vanavāsin is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vana and vāsin (वासिन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्).—[adjective] living in a wood; [masculine] forester, hermit, ascetic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्):—[=vana-vāsin] [from vana > van] mfn. living in a f°

2) [v.s. ...] m. a forest-dweller, hermit, anchorite, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants or roots (= ṛṣabha, muṣkaka, varāhī-kanda etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a country in the Dekhan (also simaṇḍala), [Inscriptions]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vanavāsī (वनवासी):—[=vana-vāsī] [from vana-vāsin > vana > van] f. Name of the chief town of that country, [ib.]

2) Vānavāsī (वानवासी):—[from vāna] f. Name of a city, [Daśakumāra-carita]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vanavāsin (वनवासिन्):—[vana-vāsin] (sī) 5. m. An anchoret, or hermit; a forester.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vanavasin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vanavasin in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vanavaśi (ವನವಶಿ):—[noun] = ವನವಾಸಿ [vanavasi]2.

--- OR ---

Vanavasi (ವನವಸಿ):—[noun] = ವನವಾಸಿ [vanavasi]2.

--- OR ---

Vanavāśi (ವನವಾಶಿ):—[noun] = ವನವಾಸಿ [vanavasi]2.

--- OR ---

Vanavāsi (ವನವಾಸಿ):—

1) [noun] = ವನವಾಸ - [vanavasa -] 3.

2) [noun] any animal living in a forest.

3) [noun] a sage living an ascetic life.

--- OR ---

Vanavāsi (ವನವಾಸಿ):—[noun] name of a region in the Sirisi taluk of Uttara Kannaḍa district in the Western Karnāṭaka.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vanavasin in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Vanavāsī (वनवासी):—adj. living/residing in the forest;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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