Tula, Tūlā, Tūla, Tūla, Tulā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Tula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tulā (तुला) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘4 kilograms’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Tulā unit corresponds to 100 Pala units (a single Pala unit equals 40 grams).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Tulā (तुला) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 tulā equals 4.8kg; 20 tulās = 1 bhāra = 96kg), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning tulā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

A relative overview of weight-units is found below, tulā indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.

1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Tulā (तुला) corresponds with the Libra zodiac sign and refers to the seventh of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), according to the Mānasāra. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular rāśi (eg., tulā) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Tulā (तुला).—Sign Libra. Note: Tulā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Tulā (तुला) corresponds to “libra” (mid October to mid November) and refers to one of the zodiac signs (rāśī) in the Vedic calendar.—Rāśī refers to the different signs of the zodiac through which the sun travels. For precise dates, please refer to a Vedic calendar. In accordance with the zodiac sign the sun is situated in, one would utter [for example, tulā-rāśī sthite bhāskare]

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tulā.—(IA 26), a weight [of silver]. (CITD), Telugu-Kannaḍa; same as Sanskrit tola or tolaka; the weight of one rupee or 30 canteroy fanams; (1/3) of a navaṭāku; a measure or weight of gold and silver, being 100 palas or about 145 ounces troy. The tulā varied a great deal according to the age and locality. Note: tulā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tulā : (f.) a balance; scales; a rafter. || tūla (nt.) cotton

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tula, (adj.) (see tuleti) only in negative atula incomparable, not to be measured, beyond compare or description Vv 304 (=anupama VvA. 126); Pv. II, 89 (=appamāṇa PvA. 110); III, 32 (=asadisarūpa PvA. 188); Miln. 343. (Page 305)

— or —

Tūla, (nt.) (Sk. tūla, to *teu, Sk. tavīti, to swell or be bushy, cp. Gr. tuλh swelling; Ags. pol peg) a tuft of grass, cotton Vin. II, 150 (3 kinds: rukkha°, latā°, poṭaki°); Sn. 591=J. IV, 127 (vāto tūlaṃ va dhaṃsaye); DA. I, 87.

— or —

Tulā, (f.) (see tuleti. Vedic tulā; Gr. taλas, taλanton (balance, weighing & weight=talentum), toλma; Lat. tollo (lift); Goth. pulan (to carry patiently, suffer); Ger. geduld, etc. ) 1. a beam or pole for lifting, carrying or supporting, a rafter Vin. II, 122; VvA. 188 (+gopānasī); DhsA. 107.—2. a weighing pole or stick, scales, balance A. I, 88; J. I, 112; Dh. 268; Miln. 356 (t. nikkhepanāya).—3. fig. measure (“weighing, ” cp. tulanā), standard, rate S. II, 236 (+pamāṇa).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tulā (तुला).—f (S) A balance. 2 A sign of the zodiac, Libra. 3 Weighing or weight; determining the quantity, or the quantity determined, by weighing. 4 Equality, likeness, resemblance. 5 The rite or religious act of weighing against one's person, gold, jewels, sugar, or other thing; to be given away to Brahmans: also the equivalent (of gold &c.) so ascertained. v kara, dē. Pr. gājarāñcī tulā āṇi vimānācī vāṭa Said of an expectation of a high recompense for a trifling service, or of a mighty effect from a feeble effort.

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tuḷā (तुळा).—See under tulā.

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tūḷa (तूळ).—f (tulā S) A sign of the zodiac, Libra. 2 m A kind of balance, having one scale, and a weight to be moved along the beam. 3 A covert term for a rupee.

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tūḷa (तूळ).—m n ( A) In land-measurement. Length.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tulā (तुला).—f A balance. Weight. Libra. Equality.

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tūḷa (तूळ).—f Libra. m A kind of balance. m n Length.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tūla (तूल).—[tal-ac] Cotton.

-lam 1) The atmosphere, sky, air.

2) A tuft of grass.

3) The mulberry.

4) The panicle of a flower or plant.

5) The thorn-apple.

-lā 1) The cotton tree.

2) The wick of a lamp.

-lī 1) Cotton.

2) The wick of a lamp.

3) A weaver's fibrous stick or brush.

4) A painter's brush.

5) The Indigo plant.

Derivable forms: tūlaḥ (तूलः).

See also (synonyms): tūlam.

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Tulā (तुला).—[tul-bhidā° aṅ]

1) A balance; तस्मात्तेऽद्य प्रदास्यामि स्वमांसं तुलया धृतम् (tasmātte'dya pradāsyāmi svamāṃsaṃ tulayā dhṛtam) Mb.3.131.25; the beam of a balance; तुलया धृ (tulayā dhṛ) to hold in a balance, to weigh, consider equal; अश्वमेधसहस्राणि सत्यं च तुलया धृतम् (aśvamedhasahasrāṇi satyaṃ ca tulayā dhṛtam) H.4.131. v. l.

2) A measure, weight.

3) Weighing.

4) Resemblance, likeness, equality, similarity (with gen., instr. or in comp.); किं धूर्जटेरिव तुलामुपयाति संख्ये (kiṃ dhūrjaṭeriva tulāmupayāti saṃkhye) Ve.3.8; तुलां यदारोहति दन्तवाससा (tulāṃ yadārohati dantavāsasā) Ku.5.34; R.8.15; सद्यः परस्परतुलामधिरोहतां द्वे (sadyaḥ parasparatulāmadhirohatāṃ dve) R.5.68; 19.8,5.

5) Libra, the seventh sign of the zodiac; जयति तुलामधिरूढो भास्वानपि जलदपटलानि (jayati tulāmadhirūḍho bhāsvānapi jaladapaṭalāni) Pt.1.33.

6) A sloping beam or timber in the roof of a house.

7) A measure of gold or silver equal to 1 palas.

8) A kind of beam in the roof of a house (Mar. tuḷaī); Bṛ. S.53.3.

 

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tula (तुल).—[, see atula.]

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Tūla (तूल).—(1) m. or nt. (compare Sanskrit tūlikā, and Lex. tūli, tuli, f., paintbrush), an instrument for writing (Index pencil): (rātrau pradīpena Buddhavacanaṃ paṭhanti, atra bhūrjena prayojanaṃ) tailena masinā kalamayā tūlena (mss. bhū°) Divyāvadāna 532.11; (2) some musical instrument, probably = tūra (late and Lex. Sanskrit, Schmidt, Nachträge; also AMg.; compare Sanskrit tūrya), which should perhaps be read: vallaki-tūlāṃ Mahāvastu iii.82.5 (verse, in list of mus. instruments; probably acc. pl., rather than acc. sg. f.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tulā (तुला).—f.

(-lā) 1. Measure by weight. 2. A measure or weight of gold and silver, 100 Palas, or about 145 ounces troy. 3. Any balance, especially a fine balance, goldsmith’s or assay scales. 4. The sign of the zodiac, Libra. 5. Resemblance, likeness, equality, similarity. 6. A vessel. 7. Sloping beams or timbers in the roof of a house. E. tul to weigh or to resemble, affix aṅ.

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Tūla (तूल).—n.

(-laṃ) 1. The mulberry. (Morus Indica.) 2. Æther, the heaven or atmosphere. mn.

(-laḥ-laṃ) Cotton. f. (-lā-lī) The wick of a lamp, or cotton twisted into a similar form for applying unguents, &c. f. (-lī) 1. Indigo. 2. A weaver’s fibrous stick or brush. 3. A painter’s brush, &c. see tulī and turī; also tūli. E. tūl to dismiss, to send forth, affix ac, fem. affixes ṭāp and ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tulā (तुला).—[tul + ā], f. 1. A balance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 403. 2. Weight, Mahābhārata 3, 10385. 3. The beam of a balance, Mahābhārata 12, 9350. 4. Equality, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 19, 50; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 93. 5. The sign of the zodiac, Libra, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 375. 6. A measure or weight of gold and silver = 100 palas, Mahābhārata 14, 1929.

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Tūla (तूल).—m. and n. Cotton, Mahābhārata 1, 6740.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tulā (तुला).—[feminine] balance, scales; measure, weight; equal weight, resemblance, similarity, likeness with ([instrumental]); the Libra in the zodiac. Acc. [with] i, gam, ā-yā, adhiruh, etc. equal, resemble, be like ([instrumental]); [instrumental] [with] dhṛ weigh, compare with ([instrumental]).

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Tūla (तूल).—[neuter] panicle of a flower or plant, tuft of grass; cotton (also tūlaka [neuter] & tūlī [feminine]).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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