Tula, Tūlā, Tūla, Tūla, Tulā: 19 definitions
Tula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Tulā (तुला) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘4 kilograms’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Tulā unit corresponds to 100 Pala units (a single Pala unit equals 40 grams).
Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:
- Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
- 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
- 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
- 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
- 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
- 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
- 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
- 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
- 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
- 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
- 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
- 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
- 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Tulā (तुला) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 tulā equals 4.8kg; 20 tulās = 1 bhāra = 96kg), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning tulā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
A relative overview of weight-units is found below, tulā indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.
1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Tulā (तुला) corresponds with the Libra zodiac sign and refers to the seventh of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), according to the Mānasāra. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular rāśi (e.g., tulā) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Tulā (तुला).—Sign Libra. Note: Tulā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Tulā (तुला) corresponds to “libra” (mid October to mid November) and refers to one of the zodiac signs (rāśī) in the Vedic calendar.—Rāśī refers to the different signs of the zodiac through which the sun travels. For precise dates, please refer to a Vedic calendar. In accordance with the zodiac sign the sun is situated in, one would utter [for example, tulā-rāśī sthite bhāskare]
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Tula (तुल) is the name of a Rāśi (zodiac sign) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Tula).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Tulā.—(IA 26), a weight [of silver]. (CITD), Telugu-Kannaḍa; same as Sanskrit tola or tolaka; the weight of one rupee or 30 canteroy fanams; (1/3) of a navaṭāku; a measure or weight of gold and silver, being 100 palas or about 145 ounces troy. The tulā varied a great deal according to the age and locality. Note: tulā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
tulā : (f.) a balance; scales; a rafter. || tūla (nt.) cottonSource: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Tula, (adj.) (see tuleti) only in negative atula incomparable, not to be measured, beyond compare or description Vv 304 (=anupama VvA. 126); Pv. II, 89 (=appamāṇa PvA. 110); III, 32 (=asadisarūpa PvA. 188); Miln. 343. (Page 305)
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Tūla, (nt.) (Sk. tūla, to *teu, Sk. tavīti, to swell or be bushy, cp. Gr. tuλh swelling; Ags. pol peg) a tuft of grass, cotton Vin. II, 150 (3 kinds: rukkha°, latā°, poṭaki°); Sn. 591=J. IV, 127 (vāto tūlaṃ va dhaṃsaye); DA. I, 87.
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Tulā, (f.) (see tuleti. Vedic tulā; Gr. taλas, taλanton (balance, weighing & weight=talentum), toλma; Lat. tollo (lift); Goth. pulan (to carry patiently, suffer); Ger. geduld, etc. ) 1. a beam or pole for lifting, carrying or supporting, a rafter Vin. II, 122; VvA. 188 (+gopānasī); DhsA. 107.—2. a weighing pole or stick, scales, balance A. I, 88; J. I, 112; Dh. 268; Miln. 356 (t. nikkhepanāya).—3. fig. measure (“weighing, ” cp. tulanā), standard, rate S. II, 236 (+pamāṇa).
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tulā (तुला).—f (S) A balance. 2 A sign of the zodiac, Libra. 3 Weighing or weight; determining the quantity, or the quantity determined, by weighing. 4 Equality, likeness, resemblance. 5 The rite or religious act of weighing against one's person, gold, jewels, sugar, or other thing; to be given away to Brahmans: also the equivalent (of gold &c.) so ascertained. v kara, dē. Pr. gājarāñcī tulā āṇi vimānācī vāṭa Said of an expectation of a high recompense for a trifling service, or of a mighty effect from a feeble effort.
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tuḷā (तुळा).—See under tulā.
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tūḷa (तूळ).—f (tulā S) A sign of the zodiac, Libra. 2 m A kind of balance, having one scale, and a weight to be moved along the beam. 3 A covert term for a rupee.
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tūḷa (तूळ).—m n ( A) In land-measurement. Length.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
tulā (तुला).—f A balance. Weight. Libra. Equality.
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tūḷa (तूळ).—f Libra. m A kind of balance. m n Length.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Tūla (तूल).—[tal-ac] Cotton.
-lam 1) The atmosphere, sky, air.
2) A tuft of grass.
3) The mulberry.
4) The panicle of a flower or plant.
5) The thorn-apple.
-lā 1) The cotton tree.
2) The wick of a lamp.
-lī 1) Cotton.
2) The wick of a lamp.
3) A weaver's fibrous stick or brush.
4) A painter's brush.
5) The Indigo plant.
Derivable forms: tūlaḥ (तूलः).
See also (synonyms): tūlam.
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Tulā (तुला).—[tul-bhidā° aṅ]
1) A balance; तस्मात्तेऽद्य प्रदास्यामि स्वमांसं तुलया धृतम् (tasmātte'dya pradāsyāmi svamāṃsaṃ tulayā dhṛtam) Mb.3.131.25; the beam of a balance; तुलया धृ (tulayā dhṛ) to hold in a balance, to weigh, consider equal; अश्वमेधसहस्राणि सत्यं च तुलया धृतम् (aśvamedhasahasrāṇi satyaṃ ca tulayā dhṛtam) H.4.131. v. l.
2) A measure, weight.
4) Resemblance, likeness, equality, similarity (with gen., instr. or in comp.); किं धूर्जटेरिव तुलामुपयाति संख्ये (kiṃ dhūrjaṭeriva tulāmupayāti saṃkhye) Ve.3.8; तुलां यदारोहति दन्तवाससा (tulāṃ yadārohati dantavāsasā) Ku.5.34; R.8.15; सद्यः परस्परतुलामधिरोहतां द्वे (sadyaḥ parasparatulāmadhirohatāṃ dve) R.5.68; 19.8,5.
5) Libra, the seventh sign of the zodiac; जयति तुलामधिरूढो भास्वानपि जलदपटलानि (jayati tulāmadhirūḍho bhāsvānapi jaladapaṭalāni) Pt.1.33.
6) A sloping beam or timber in the roof of a house.
7) A measure of gold or silver equal to 1 palas.
8) A kind of beam in the roof of a house (Mar. tuḷaī); Bṛ. S.53.3.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Tula (तुल).—[, see atula.]
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Tūla (तूल).—(1) m. or nt. (compare Sanskrit tūlikā, and Lex. tūli, tuli, f., paintbrush), an instrument for writing (Index pencil): (rātrau pradīpena Buddhavacanaṃ paṭhanti, atra bhūrjena prayojanaṃ) tailena masinā kalamayā tūlena (mss. bhū°) Divyāvadāna 532.11; (2) some musical instrument, probably = tūra (late and Lex. Sanskrit, Schmidt, Nachträge; also AMg.; compare Sanskrit tūrya), which should perhaps be read: vallaki-tūlāṃ Mahāvastu iii.82.5 (verse, in list of mus. instruments; probably acc. pl., rather than acc. sg. f.).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-lā) 1. Measure by weight. 2. A measure or weight of gold and silver, 100 Palas, or about 145 ounces troy. 3. Any balance, especially a fine balance, goldsmith’s or assay scales. 4. The sign of the zodiac, Libra. 5. Resemblance, likeness, equality, similarity. 6. A vessel. 7. Sloping beams or timbers in the roof of a house. E. tul to weigh or to resemble, affix aṅ.
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(-laṃ) 1. The mulberry. (Morus Indica.) 2. Æther, the heaven or atmosphere. mn.
(-laḥ-laṃ) Cotton. f. (-lā-lī) The wick of a lamp, or cotton twisted into a similar form for applying unguents, &c. f. (-lī) 1. Indigo. 2. A weaver’s fibrous stick or brush. 3. A painter’s brush, &c. see tulī and turī; also tūli. E. tūl to dismiss, to send forth, affix ac, fem. affixes ṭāp and ṅīṣ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tulā (तुला).—[tul + ā], f. 1. A balance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 403. 2. Weight, Mahābhārata 3, 10385. 3. The beam of a balance, Mahābhārata 12, 9350. 4. Equality, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 19, 50; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 93. 5. The sign of the zodiac, Libra, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 375. 6. A measure or weight of gold and silver = 100 palas, Mahābhārata 14, 1929.
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Tūla (तूल).—m. and n. Cotton, Mahābhārata 1, 6740.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tulā (तुला).—[feminine] balance, scales; measure, weight; equal weight, resemblance, similarity, likeness with ([instrumental]); the Libra in the zodiac. Acc. [with] i, gam, ā-yā, adhiruh, etc. equal, resemble, be like ([instrumental]); [instrumental] [with] dhṛ weigh, compare with ([instrumental]).
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Tūla (तूल).—[neuter] panicle of a flower or plant, tuft of grass; cotton (also tūlaka [neuter] & tūlī [feminine]).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Tula (तुल):—[from tul] m. (for lā) the sign Libra, [Utp.] (on, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka xi, xvi, xxiii and; Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā iv, 55]).
2) Tulā (तुला):—[from tul] f. a balance, weight, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxx; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi; Manu-smṛti] etc. (layā dhṛ or lāṃ with [Causal] of adhiruh, ‘to hold in or put on a balance, weigh, compare’; lāṃ with [Causal] of adhi-ruh, ‘to risk’ [Pañcatantra i, 16, 9]; lām adhior āor sam-ā-ruh, ‘to be in a balance’, be equal with [instr.]; the balance as an ordeal, [Yājñavalkya ii; Mṛcchakaṭikā ix, 43])
3) [v.s. ...] equal measure, equality, resemblance, [Raghuvaṃśa] etc. (lām i or gam or ā-yā or ā-lamb or dhā, ‘to resemble any one or anything’ [instr. or in [compound]]; lāṃ na bhṛ, ‘to have no equal’ [Prasannarāghava i, 37]; lāṃ with [Passive voice] of nī, ‘to become equal to’ [gen.])
4) [v.s. ...] = la, [Pañcatantra i, 14, 14; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] Name of a measure (= 100 Palas), [Mahābhārata iii, xiv; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Suśruta; Aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā i, 31]
6) [v.s. ...] a kind of beam in the roof of a house, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā liii, 30.]
7) Tūla (तूल):—n. a tuft of grass or reeds, panicle of a flower or plant, [Atharva-veda xix, 32, 3; Kāṭhaka; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad] (īṣīkā-), [Kauśika-sūtra; Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Pāṇini 6-2, 121] (ifc. ind.)
8) a pencil, [Divyāvadāna v. xxxvi]
9) = tūta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) air, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) m. the thorn-apple, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]
12) n. (m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) cotton, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
13) Tūlā (तूला):—[from tūla] f. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] a lamp wick, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) Tūla (तूल):—cf. apa-, indra-, udak-, prāk-, bhasma-, śaṇa-, sa-, haṃsa-
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+135): Tula-kkuli, Tula-sannibha, Tulabha, Tulabhara, Tulabhavani, Tulabhiya, Tulabija, Tulacapa, Tulachapa, Tuladaham, Tuladana, Tuladanapaddhati, Tuladanaprakarana, Tuladanaprayoga, Tuladanapurushaprayoga, Tuladanavidhi, Tuladanda, Tuladhana, Tuladhanus, Tuladhara.
Ends with (+66): Apatula, Apratula, Ardhavarttula, Ardhavartula, Atitula, Ativarttula, Ativartula, Atula, Bhasmatula, Caratula, Catula, Chatula, Dantula, Dhatula, Dirghavarttula, Dirghavartula, Ghetula, Gotula, Hamsatula, Hantula.
Full-text (+254): Tulapicu, Tulasharkara, Picutula, Hamsatula, Indratula, Tulalasika, Tulapatika, Tulasecana, Tulapithi, Tulapati, Tuladaham, Tulaka, Tulanali, Tulanalika, Tulacapa, Tulakarmuka, Tulini, Vatatula, Ishikatula, Tuli.
Search found 38 books and stories containing Tula, Tūlā, Tūla, Tūla, Tulā, Tūḷa, Tuḷā; (plurals include: Tulas, Tūlās, Tūlas, Tulās, Tūḷas, Tuḷās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vinaya Pitaka (1): Bhikkhu-vibhanga (the analysis of Monks’ rules) (by I. B. Horner)
Monks’ Expulsion (Pārājika) 2: Case rulings < [Monks’ Expulsion (Pārājika) 2]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 19 - The Superintendent of Weights and Measures < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 23 - The Superintendent of Weaving < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 29 - The Superintendent of Cows < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Hiranyakesi-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka (by I. B. Horner)
Rejection of all dark green, etc. < [5. Leather (Camma)]
First recitation section < [16. Lodgings (Sayanāsana)]
Yoga Sutras with Vedanta Commentaries (by Patañjali)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)