Tula, aka: Tūlā, Tūla, Tūla, Tulā; 9 Definition(s)
Tula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Tulā (तुला) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘4 kilograms’ used in Āyurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Tulā unit corresponds to 100 Pala units (a single Pala unit equals 40 grams).
Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:
- Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
- 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
- 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
- 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
- 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
- 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
- 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
- 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
- 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
- 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
- 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
- 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
- 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Tulā (तुला) corresponds with the Libra zodiac sign and refers to the seventh of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), according to the Mānasāra. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular rāśi (eg., tulā) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Tulā (तुला).—Sign Libra. Note: Tulā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
India history and geogprahy
Tulā.—(IA 26), a weight [of silver]. (CITD), Telugu-Kannaḍa; same as Sanskrit tola or tolaka; the weight of one rupee or 30 canteroy fanams; (1/3) of a navaṭāku; a measure or weight of gold and silver, being 100 palas or about 145 ounces troy. The tulā varied a great deal according to the age and locality. Note: tulā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
tulā : (f.) a balance; scales; a rafter. || tūla (nt.) cottonSource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Tula, (adj.) (see tuleti) only in negative atula incomparable, not to be measured, beyond compare or description Vv 304 (=anupama VvA. 126); Pv. II, 89 (=appamāṇa PvA. 110); III, 32 (=asadisarūpa PvA. 188); Miln. 343. (Page 305)
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Tūla, (nt.) (Sk. tūla, to *teu, Sk. tavīti, to swell or be bushy, cp. Gr. tuλh swelling; Ags. pol peg) a tuft of grass, cotton Vin. II, 150 (3 kinds: rukkha°, latā°, poṭaki°); Sn. 591=J. IV, 127 (vāto tūlaṃ va dhaṃsaye); DA. I, 87.
—picu cotton-wool Vism. 282, 285, 404; DhA. III, 202; KhA 173. —puṇṇikā (“stuffed with tuft of cotton”) a kind of shoe Vin. I, 186. (Page 306)
— or —
Tulā, (f.) (see tuleti. Vedic tulā; Gr. taλas, taλanton (balance, weighing & weight=talentum), toλma; Lat. tollo (lift); Goth. pulan (to carry patiently, suffer); Ger. geduld, etc. ) 1. a beam or pole for lifting, carrying or supporting, a rafter Vin. II, 122; VvA. 188 (+gopānasī); DhsA. 107.—2. a weighing pole or stick, scales, balance A. I, 88; J. I, 112; Dh. 268; Miln. 356 (t. nikkhepanāya).—3. fig. measure (“weighing, ” cp. tulanā), standard, rate S. II, 236 (+pamāṇa).
—kūṭa false weighing, false weight (often combd with kaṃsakūṭa & mānakūṭa, false coining & false measuring) D. I, 5=A. II, 209≈; DA. I, 79; DhA. I, 239; —daṇḍa the beam or lever of a balance J. I, 113; —puttaka a goldsmith (using scales) J. V, 424 (or should it be tulādhuttaka? ). (Page 305)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
tulā (तुला).—f (S) A balance. 2 A sign of the zodiac, Libra. 3 Weighing or weight; determining the quantity, or the quantity determined, by weighing. 4 Equality, likeness, resemblance. 5 The rite or religious act of weighing against one's person, gold, jewels, sugar, or other thing; to be given away to Brahmans: also the equivalent (of gold &c.) so ascertained. v kara, dē. Pr. gājarāñcī tulā āṇi vimānācī vāṭa Said of an expectation of a high recompense for a trifling service, or of a mighty effect from a feeble effort.
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tuḷā (तुळा).—See under tulā.
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tūḷa (तूळ).—f (tulā S) A sign of the zodiac, Libra. 2 m A kind of balance, having one scale, and a weight to be moved along the beam. 3 A covert term for a rupee.
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tūḷa (तूळ).—m n ( A) In land-measurement. Length.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tulā (तुला).—f A balance. Weight. Libra. Equality.
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tūḷa (तूळ).—f Libra. m A kind of balance. m n Length.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Tūla (तूल).—[tal-ac] Cotton.
-lam 1) The atmosphere, sky, air.
2) A tuft of grass.
3) The mulberry.
4) The panicle of a flower or plant.
5) The thorn-apple.
-lā 1) The cotton tree.
2) The wick of a lamp.
-lī 1) Cotton.
2) The wick of a lamp.
3) A weaver's fibrous stick or brush.
4) A painter's brush.
5) The Indigo plant.
Derivable forms: tūlaḥ (तूलः).
See also (synonyms): tūlam.
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Tulā (तुला).—[tul-bhidā° aṅ]
1) A balance; तस्मात्तेऽद्य प्रदास्यामि स्वमांसं तुलया धृतम् (tasmātte'dya pradāsyāmi svamāṃsaṃ tulayā dhṛtam) Mb.3.131.25; the beam of a balance; तुलया धृ (tulayā dhṛ) to hold in a balance, to weigh, consider equal; अश्वमेधसहस्राणि सत्यं च तुलया धृतम् (aśvamedhasahasrāṇi satyaṃ ca tulayā dhṛtam) H.4.131. v. l.
2) A measure, weight.
4) Resemblance, likeness, equality, similarity (with gen., instr. or in comp.); किं धूर्जटेरिव तुलामुपयाति संख्ये (kiṃ dhūrjaṭeriva tulāmupayāti saṃkhye) Ve.3.8; तुलां यदारोहति दन्तवाससा (tulāṃ yadārohati dantavāsasā) Ku.5.34; R.8.15; सद्यः परस्परतुलामधिरोहतां द्वे (sadyaḥ parasparatulāmadhirohatāṃ dve) R.5.68; 19.8,5.
5) Libra, the seventh sign of the zodiac; जयति तुलामधिरूढो भास्वानपि जलदपटलानि (jayati tulāmadhirūḍho bhāsvānapi jaladapaṭalāni) Pt.1.33.
6) A sloping beam or timber in the roof of a house.
7) A measure of gold or silver equal to 1 palas.
8) A kind of beam in the roof of a house (Mar. tuḷaī); Bṛ. S.53.3.
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Tulākośa (तुलाकोश) or Tulākoṣa (तुलाकोष).—1) ordeal by weighing, weighing on a balance; हीनस्य ...
Tulāpuruṣa (तुलापुरुष).—gold, jewels or other valuable things equal to a man's weight (given to...
Tulādāna (तुलादान).—the gift to a Brāhmaṇa. of as much gold or silver as equals the weight of o...
Tulāmāna (तुलामान).—f. 1) the beam of a balance; स्तोकेनोन्नति- मायाति स्तोकेनायात्यधोगतिम् । अ...
Tulāguḍa (तुलागुड).—a kind of ball (used as missile); Mb.3. Derivable forms: tulāguḍaḥ (तुलागुड...
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Kāñcana-tulā.—(EI 23), name of a mahādāna. Note: kāñcana-tulā is defined in the “Indian epigrap...
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Tūladāham (तूलदाहम्).—ind. Like cotton (consuming by fire); तूलदाहं पुरं लङ्कां दहतैव हनूमता (t...
Tulāpragraha (तुलाप्रग्रह) or Tulāpragrāha (तुलाप्रग्राह).—the string or beam of a balance. Der...
Tulābīja (तुलाबीज).—the berry of the Guñjā plant (used as a weight). Derivable forms: tulābījam...
Tūladhanus (तूलधनुस्).—n. a cotton-bow, i. e. a bow used for cleaning cotton. Tūladhanus is a S...
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Search found 32 books and stories containing Tula, Tūlā, Tūla, Tūla or Tulā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vinaya Pitaka (1): The Analysis of Monks’ Rules (Bhikkhu-vibhanga) (by I. B. Horner)
Monks’ Expulsion (Pārājika) 2: Case rulings < [Monks’ Expulsion (Pārājika) 2]
Hiraṇyakeśin-gṛhya-sūtra (by Hiraṇyakeśin)
Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka (by I. B. Horner)
Rejection of all dark green, etc. < [5. Leather (Camma)]
First recitation section < [16. Lodgings (Sayanāsana)]
Yoga Sutras with Vedanta Commentaries (by Patañjali)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.61 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.4.260 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 4.8.17 < [Part 8 - Compatible & Incompatible Mellows (maitrī-vaira-sthiti)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)