Tulasi, aka: Tulasī; 12 Definition(s)


Tulasi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Tulasī (तुलसी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Tulasī (तुलसी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. It is a softly pubescent undershrub growing 30-60 centimeters in height. It grows throughout India. It has simple, opposite, elliptic, oblong, obtuse or acute leaves. The flowers are purplish in elongate recemes and grow in close whorls. The stamens are exserted and the fruits are nutlets.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 10.148-149), Holy basil (tulasī) has the following synonyms: Surasā, Surabhi, Subhagā, Sugandhā, Suradundubhi, Surejyā, Viṣṇuvallabhā, Vaiṣṇavī, Haripriyā, Pretarākṣasī, Apetarākṣasī, Amṛtā, Devadundhubhi, Puṇyā, Pavitrā, Pāvanī, Pūtapattrī, Bahupattrī, Bhūtakeśī, Tīvrā, Bhūtaghnī, Garaghna, Kaṭhillaka, Kaṭhiñjara, Kāyasthā, Bhāravi, Tridaśamañjarī, Mañjarī and Gaurī.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Tulasi in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

1) Tulasī (तुलसी) refers to the “holy basil” plant, the leaves (patra) of which are used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] then the Ācamana shall be offered and cloth dedicated. Gingelly seeds, barley grains, wheat, green gram or black gram shall then be offered to Śiva with various mantras. Then flowers shall be offered to the five-faced noble soul. Lotuses, rose, Śaṅkha, and Kuśa flowers, Dhattūras, Mandāras grown in a wooden vessel, holy basil leaves (tulasī-patra) or Bilva leaves shall be offered to each of the faces in accordance with the previous meditation or according to one’s wish. By all means Śiva favourably disposed to His devotees shall be worshipped with great devotion. If other flowers are not available, Bilva leaves shall be used exclusively in the worship of Śiva”.

2) Tulasī (तुलसी) is the name of a plant which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] worldly pleasures (bhuktimukti) and salvation will be secured by a person who worships with Tulasī. Great valour (pratāpa) can be secured by worshipping with Arka or Kubjakalhāra flowers”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

Tulasī (तुलसी).—(Holy Basil plant. General information. Tulasī is a plant held most sacred by the Hindus. There is a Purāṇic background for Tulasī attaining this spiritualistic importance. In fact it is Mahālakṣmī, wife of Viṣṇu, who had herself taken the form of Tulasī. There is a story about it in Devi Bhāgavata. (See full article at Story of Tulasī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Tulasī (तुलसी).—Sacred to Hari;1 on the chest of Viṣṇu.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 19. 6; V. 3. 6; X. 30. 7; XI. 30. 41.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 80-2; 17. 74.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Tulasi or Tulashishta is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Komatis (a trading caste of the Madras Presidency). Tulasi refers to the plant Tulasi (Ocimum sanctum). The Komatis are said to have originally lived, and still live in large numbers on the banks of the Godavari river. One of the local names thereof is Gomati or Gomti, and the Sanskrit Gomati would, in Telugu, become corrupted into Komati. The sub-divisions are split up into septs (viz., Tulasi), which are of a strictly exogamous character.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Tulasi in Pali glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

tulasī : (f.) the basil plant.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Tulasi, (Derivation unknown) basil (common or sweet) J. V, 46 (°gahana a thicket of b.; v. l. tūlasi); VI, 536 (tuḷasi=tuḷasigaccha). (Page 305)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

tulasī (तुलसी).—f (S) A shrub venerated by the Hindus, Holy basil, Ocymum sanctum. It is fabled to be a female metamorphosed; but there are numerous accounts. Some compounds are tulasīpūjā, tula- sīmañjarī, tulasīmālā, tulasīvana, tulasīhāra; and for phrases see tuḷasa.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tulasī (तुलसी).—See tuḷasa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tulasi (तुलसि).—(Metrically for tulasī),

-tulasikā See तुलसी (tulasī); वाचश्च नस्तुलसिवद्यदि तेऽङ्घ्रिशोभाः (vācaśca nastulasivadyadi te'ṅghriśobhāḥ) Bhāg.3.15.49; तुलसिका- दूर्वाङ्कुरैरपि (tulasikā- dūrvāṅkurairapi)... परितुष्यसि (parituṣyasi) 5.3.6.

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Tulasī (तुलसी).—[tulāṃ sādṛśyaṃ syati, so-ka gaurā° ṅīp śaṃkadhvā. Tv.] The holy basil held in veneration by the Hindus, especially by the worshippers of Visnu.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tulasī (तुलसी).—f. (-sī) A small shrub held in veneration by the Hindus, Tulasi or holy basil, (Ocymum sanctum.) E. tulā resemblance, and ṣo to destroy, affixes ṅa and ṅīp; being unparalleled: this plant is said to be a female metamorphosed. tulāṃ sādṛśyaṃ syati so-ka gaurā0 ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 102 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tulasī-vivāha.—(EI 32), name of a ceremony. Note: tulasī-vivāha is defined in the “Indian epigr...
Tulasīpatra (तुलसीपत्र) refers to “holy basil leaves”, and are used in the worship of Śiva, acc...
Tulasīvṛndāvana (तुलसीवृन्दावन).—a square pedestal in which the sacred basil is planted.Derivab...
Tulasīmūlaka (तुलसीमूलक) refers to the “root of Tulasi plant”, according to Śivapurāṇa 1.15. Ac...
Tulasīmūla (तुलसीमूल) is another spelling for Tulasīmūlaka, referring to the “root of Tulasi pl...
Tulasīmālā (तुलसीमाला, “rosary”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accesso...
Puṣpa (पुष्प) refers to “offering flowers”, representing one of the various services (upacāra) ...
Amṛtā (अमृता) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrī-amṛtakuṇḍalin-u...
1) Śaṅkha (शङ्ख) refers to a “conch shell” and represents one of the items held in the right ha...
Mañjari (मञ्जरि).—f. (-riḥ-rī) 1. A compound pedicle, a fruit or flower-stalk. 2. A A large pea...
Cola (चोल) is the name of a country classified as both Hādi and Kādi (two types of Tantrik divi...
Gaurī (गौरी) is also mentioned as the Ḍākinī of the eastern gate in the Jñānacakra, according t...
Sītā (सीता)is the wife of Śrī Rāma; as Śrī Rāma is an incarnation of Viṣṇu, Sītā is also a form...
Karāla (कराल) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Kramaṇī they pres...
Āsana (आसन) refers to “presenting a seat”, representing one of the various services (upacāra) o...

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