Tarala: 11 definitions


Tarala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Tarala (तरल) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Tarala) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tarala (तरल).—A place of habitation of ancient Bhārata. This place was conquered by Karṇa. (Śloka 20, Chapter 8, Karṇa Parva).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Tarala (तरल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Tarala] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tarala (तरल).—a S Trembling, tremulous, quivering.

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taraḷa (तरळ).—a Flat or dead--sound of a drum &c.

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taraḷa (तरळ).—f taraḷamōḍaśī f Mort de chien or Cholera morbus.

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taraḷa (तरळ).—m taraḷakī f See tarāḷa & tarāḷakī.

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tarāḷa (तराळ).—m A man of low caste whose employment it is to convey burdens onwards, to attend to travelers &c.

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tāraḷa (तारळ).—m A white sea-fish. See tāralī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tarala (तरल).—a Tremulous, quivering.

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taraḷa (तरळ).—a Flat, dead-sound.

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tarāḷa (तराळ).—m A low-caste man who conveys burdens onwards and attends to travellers &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tarala (तरल).—a. [tṝ-alac]

1) Trembling, waving, shaking, tremulous; तारापतिस्तरलविद्युदिवाभ्रवृन्दम् (tārāpatistaralavidyudivābhravṛndam) R.13.76; घन इव तरलबलाके (ghana iva taralabalāke) Gīt.5; Śi.1.4; U.5.11; Ś.1.25.

2) Fickle, unsteady, transient; वैरायितारस्तरलाः स्वयं मत्सरिणः परम् (vairāyitārastaralāḥ svayaṃ matsariṇaḥ param) Śi.2.115; Amaru.3.

3) Splendid, sparkling, glittering; तारावितानतरला इव यामवत्यः (tārāvitānataralā iva yāmavatyaḥ) Ki.8.56.

4) Liquid.

5) Libidinous, wanton.

6) Hollow.

7) Extensive, wide.

-laḥ 1 The central gem of a necklace; मुक्तामयोऽप्यतरलमध्यः (muktāmayo'pyataralamadhyaḥ) Vās.35; or हारांस्तारांस्तरलगुटिकान् (hārāṃstārāṃstaralaguṭikān) (Malli. considers this as an interpolation in Meghadūta).

2) A necklace.

3) A level surface.

4) Bottom, depth.

5) A diamond.

6) Iron.

7) Thorn-apple.

-lā 1 Rice-gruel.

2) Spirituous liquor.

3) A bee.

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Tārala (तारल).—a. Unsteady.

-laḥ 1 libidinous man, lecher, libertine.

2) The companion of a dissolute man (viṭa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarala (तरल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Trembling, tremulous. 2. Libidinous, lecherous, wanton. 3. Luminous, splendid. 4. Hollow. 5. Liquid, liquefied m.

(-laḥ) 1. The central gem of a necklace. 2. A necklace. 3. Bottom, depth, lower or under part. f.

(-lā) 1. Rice gruel. 2. Wine, vinous or spirituous liquor. 3. A bee. E. tṝ to pass, to go or move, affix alac.

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Tārala (तारल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) Libidinous, dissipated, a lecher. E. tarala unsteady, affix aṇ . tarala eva .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarala (तरल).—i. e. tṛ10 + ala, I. adj., f. . 1. Trembling, tremulous, Mahābhārata 1, 1234; 4, 269. 2. Sparkling, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 25. 3. Fickle, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 3, 515. Ii. m. The central gem of a necklace, Mahābhārata 8, 4913. Iii. f. , Spirituous liquor, [Varāhamihira's Bṛhajjātaka.] S. 75, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarala (तरल).—[adjective] moving to and fro, trembling, glittering, shining; inconstant, fickle, perishable ([abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]); [masculine] wave, billow, the central gem in a necklace, [plural] [Name] of a people; [feminine] ā & [neuter] rice-gruel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Tarala (तरल) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—of the Yāyāvara family, an ancestor of Rājaśekhara. Śp. p. 77. Peters. 2, 59.

2) Tarala (तरल):—Ekāvalīṭīkā alaṃk. by Mallinātha Kavi. W. 1723.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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