Taranga, aka: Taraṃga, Taraṅga; 7 Definition(s)


Taranga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Taraṅga (तरङ्ग or तरंग) is a Sanskrit term roughly translated by Acharya to “an ornament or moulding employed in captials terminating by undulating lines” and by Dagens to “a decoration consisting of ‘waves’ which correspond to what G. Jouveau-Dubreuil called ‘rouleaux’ or ‘copeaux’”.

(Source): Google Books: Temple Consecration Rituals in Ancient India
Vāstuśāstra book cover
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Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Taraṅga (तरङ्ग) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Taraṅga) in 20 verses.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

In Buddhism


taraṅga : (m.) a wave.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Taraṅga, (tara+ga) a wave Vism. 157. (Page 298)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

taraṅga (तरंग).—m (S) A wave: also a ripple on the water. Ex. kāṃ sāgarīṃ ta0 apāra || saṅkhyā na karavē tayācī ||. 2 fig. A whim, freak, fancy, idle imagination. 3 A thin skin or incrustation; a film or pellicle: (as upon water or over the eye.) 4 (For jalataraṅga) The musical glasses. 5 R A painted pole having at the top a representation of the tutelar divinity:--carried about in processions &c. 6 A bubble.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

taraṅga (तरंग).—m A whim. A wave. A film. A bubble.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taraṅga (तरङ्ग).—[tṝ-aṅgac]

1) A wave; U.3.47; Bh.1.81; R.13.63; Ś3.6.

2) A section or part of a work (as of the kathāsaritsāgara).

3) A leap, jump, gallop, jumping motion (as of a horse).

4) Cloth or clothes.

5) Waving, moving to and fro.

Derivable forms: taraṅgaḥ (तरङ्गः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 23 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jalataraṅga (जलतरङ्ग).—1) a wave. 2) a metal cup filled with water producing harmonic notes lik...
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Chandastaraṅga (छन्दस्तरङ्ग) is the name of a text dealing with Sanskrit prosody (chandas) for ...
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