Shringararasa, Śṛṅgārarasa, Shrimgara-rasa, Śṛṃgārarasa, Shringara-rasa, Shrimgararasa: 8 definitions


Shringararasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śṛṅgārarasa and Śṛṃgārarasa can be transliterated into English as Srngararasa or Shringararasa or Srmgararasa or Shrimgararasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Shringararasa in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śṛṅgārarasa (शृङ्गाररस) refers to the “erotic sentiment” used in dramatic performance (nāṭya). It is a Sanskrit compound composed of the words of śṛṅgāra (erotic) and rasa (‘sentiment’). This sentiment is produced from a combination of determinants, consequents and complementary psychological states.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Śṛṅgārarasa (शृङ्गाररस) (or simply Śṛṅgāra) refers to the “erotic sentiment” and represents one of the nine kinds of Rasa (“soul of Drama”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Rasa or Sentiment is a very important component in poetry. The Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa accepts nine rasas or “sentiments in Drama”. Śṛṇgārarasa or the “sentiment of love” is very important in kāvya specially in dramas. Because, Sanskrit poetics advices to portray either śṛṇgāra or vīra as the predominant sentiment in a Sanskrit dram

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

[«previous next»] — Shringararasa in Kavyashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Śṛṅgārarasa (शृङ्गाररस) refers to the “erotic sentiment” or “sentiment of love” and is defined by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century). —The basic feeling of śṛṅgāra is love (rati). This sentiment of love is originated from or manifested by the excitants (vibhāva) like beloved etc., ensuants (anubhāva) like side long or oblique glances and variants like mental derangement etc.

This sentiment of love (śṛṅgāra-rasa) is divided into two varieties—

  1. union (sambhoga-śṛṅgārarasa),
  2. separation (vipralambha-śṛṅgārarasa).
Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Shringararasa in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Śṛṅgārarasa (शृङ्गाररस) refers to:—Same as mādhurya-rasa, the amorous mellow. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Śṛṃgārarasa (शृंगाररस) refers to the “erotic emotion”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Standing on top of Mahābhairava and Kālirātrī, embracing Vajravārāhī, With both arms holding a vajra and bell, adorned by a crest of dreadlocks, Decorated by a crown of skulls, holding a half moon on top of the head, Topped by the form of the Viśva Vajra, a fierce face, horrible gigantic fangs, Possessing the emotions beginning with the erotic (śṛṃgārarasaśṛṃgārādi-rasānvitaṃ), putting on a tiger skin, Wearing a garland of half a hundred human heads together, Possessing the six seals, adorned with a necklace, bracelets, Ear-rings, girdle, a crest jewel, (and) covered in ashes”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shringararasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śṛṅgārarasa (शृङ्गाररस).—the sentiment of love.

Derivable forms: śṛṅgārarasaḥ (शृङ्गाररसः).

Śṛṅgārarasa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śṛṅgāra and rasa (रस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śṛṅgārarasa (शृङ्गाररस) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—alaṃk. ibid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgārarasa (शृङ्गाररस):—[=śṛṅgāra-rasa] [from śṛṅgāra > śṛṅga] m. the erotic sentiment

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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