Upajati, aka: Upajāti; 3 Definition(s)
Upajati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Upajāti (उपजाति) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre Upājati, consists of eleven syllables in each foot and the gaṇas therein are ja, ta, ja, ga, ga, ta, ta, ja, ga, ga. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.(Source): Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Upajāti (उपजाति) which is the combination of Indravajrā and Upendravajrā has an pivotal role in Sanskrit prosody.
1) Kṣemendra (11th century) mentions Upajāti as one of the 27 metres in his Suvṛttatilaka. Kṣemendra describes the metre Upajāti as the suitable metre for Śṛṅgārarasa. He says the description of a heroine in the context of the sentiment of ālambanavibhāva and the seasons like the spring with their allied subject (related to erotic) becomes attractive when it is composed in the Upajāti metre.
1) Kavikarṇapūra (C. 16th century) describes fourteen types of Upajāti. They are: Maṇiprabhā, Kāntimatī, Satī, Gati, Smṛti, Kuśāgrī, Rati, Unnatā, Śivā, Varā, Dharā, Prītimatī, Sudhā and Priyā. (See Vṛttamālā 22)
2) Upajāti (उपजाति) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., upajāti) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
3) Upajāti (उपजाति) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).
4) Upajāti (उपजाति) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the upajāti metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Languages of India and abroad
Upajāti (उपजाति).—f. A mixed metre (see App.).
Derivable forms: upajātiḥ (उपजातिः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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