Shighra, Śīghra, Śīghrā: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Shighra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śīghra and Śīghrā can be transliterated into English as Sighra or Shighra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Śīghra (शीघ्र):—Son of Agnivarna (son of Sudarśana). He had a son named Maru. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.5)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śīghra (शीघ्र).—A King of the Solar dynasty. In Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha, it is said that he was the son of Agnipūrṇa and father of Maru.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śīghra (शीघ्र) refers to “immediately”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.7.—Accordingly, after the Goddess (Umā/Śivā) incarnated as Pārvatī by becoming the daughter of Menā:—“[...] The superintendent of the harem immediately [i.e., śīghra] informed the king about the birth of Pārvatī which was pleasant and conducive to the work of the gods. To the superintendent of the harem who brought the news, there was nothing which the king could not give even including his royal white umbrella. Accompanied by the chief priest and learned brahmins, the lord of mountains came there and saw the child who shone in her lovely clothes. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śīghra (शीघ्र).—The son of Agnivarṇa and father of Maru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 210; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 210; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 108.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śīghrā (शीघ्रा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.28). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śīghrā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Śīghra (शीघ्र).—The inequality in a planet's orbital motion that depends on its position with respect to the Sun, analogous to synodic anomaly; (lit., fast). Note: Śīghra is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Śīghra (शीघ्र):—Quick, rapid.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Śīghra (शीघ्र) refers to “quickly (bringing)” (that which is wished for into being), according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.11]—“[Śiva is] he who exists in a fixed condition, who brings about all conditions [in all] time[s] and direction[s] but is not touched by [those conditions]. He controls them. He is their leader, [he leads] quickly (ara), he wishes it, and he quickly (śīghra) brings [that which is wished for into being. He] projects [all conditions] outward and he also causes them to be made one with himself [internally, inside his consciousness]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Śīghra (शीघ्र) or Śīghragati refers to one of the various Gatis (“way of walking”) (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Śīghra-gati or quick gait should be adopted in fear, terror, anger, joy, rapid and urgent actions, on hearing distasteful information, on seeing unbelievable things, searching of crime factors etc. In the Mṛcchakaṭika of Śudraka, the heroin Vasantasenā was moving speedily in terror as she was followed by some cunning persons like Vīṭa, Ceṭa and Śakāra and her gait was crossing over the speed of wind. This can be taken as a manifestation of śīghra-gati.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Śīghra (शीघ्र) refers to “swift (eloquence)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, is the Bodhisattva supported by the presence of the Buddha as unhindered and uninterrupted eloquence (pratibhāna)? Son of good family, there are the Bodhisattvas’ twenty-four sorts of eloquence. What are those twenty-four? To wit, 1) quick eloquence; 2) swift eloquence (śīghra-pratibhāna); 3) unhindered eloquence; 4) uninterrupted eloquence; 5) eloquence of good explanation; 6) profound eloquence; 7) eloquence in diversity; 8) well-adorned eloquence; 9) unimpaired eloquence; 10) fearless eloquence; 11) eloquence in the explanation of various verses; 12) eloquence concerning the scriptures, parables, and legends; [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Śīghra (शीघ्र) refers to “rapid (guarding of all crops)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [After the Vajrapāṇi asked the Bhagavān for instructions for protection of crops]: “Then the Bhagavān addressed Vajrapāṇi, the Lord of the Guhyakas, ‘Vajrapāṇi, there is the dhāraṇī called the Nāga Assailing and Impeding Vajra, that is the seal of the heart of the Tathāgatas , uttered by former Tathāgatas, Arhats and Perfectly Awakened Ones. I will also utter it now. By this there will be a rapid (śīghra) guarding of all crops for the sake of warding off damage. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Śīghra (शीघ्र) refers to “quickly” (becoming annihilated), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Also, consider that the state of being a mighty lord over gods, snakes and men, which is like a rainbow, immediately [com.śīghra—‘quickly’] becomes annihilated by itself”.

Synonyms: Sadya.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śīghra (शीघ्र).—a (S) Quick, fleet, speedy. 2 Used as ad Quickly, swiftly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śīghra (शीघ्र).—a Quick. ad Quickly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śīghra (शीघ्र).—a. Quick, rapid, speedy; विभ्रन्मणि मण्डलचारशीघ्रः (vibhranmaṇi maṇḍalacāraśīghraḥ) V.5.2; शीघ्रकृत्यम् (śīghrakṛtyam) 'urgent business'; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.17.

-ghram Conjunction or parallax (in astr.).

-ghram ind. Quickly, swiftly, rapidly.

-ghrā Croton polyandrum (dantī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śīghra (शीघ्र).—mfn.

(-ghraḥ-ghrā-ghraṃ) Quick, speedy. m.

(-ghraḥ) (In astronomy,) Parallax. n. Adv.

(-ghraṃ) Quickly, swiftly. E. śigh to smell, rak aff., deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śīghra (शीघ्र).—adj. 1. Quick, speedy, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 140 (maṇḍala-śīghra-cāra, Turning round quickly). 2. Violent, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 52. 3. ºram, adv. Swiftly, [Pañcatantra] 128, 4. Comparat. ºratara + m, adv. As quickly as possible, [Pañcatantra] 88, 6.

— Cf. [Anglo-Saxon.] higian, To make haste;

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śīghra (शीघ्र).—[adjective] quick, speedy; śīghram & śīghreṇa [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śīghra (शीघ्र):—mf(ā)n. (of doubtful derivation) quick, speedy, swift, rapid (ghram ind. and ghreṇa ind. quickly, rapidly, fast), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) m. Name of a son of Agni-varṇa, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) Name of Vāyu, the wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Śīghrā (शीघ्रा):—[from śīghra] f. Croton Polyandrum or Tiglium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Mahābhārata]

6) Śīghra (शीघ्र):—n. (in [astronomy]) conjunction ([according to] to other ‘parallax’)

7) the root of Andropogon Muricatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) = cakrāṅga, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śīghra (शीघ्र):—(ghraṃ) a. Quick. m. Parallax. n. adv. Quickly, swiftly.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śīghra (शीघ्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Siggha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shighra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shighra in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śīghra (शीघ्र):—(adv) immediately, soon, urgently; promptly, quickly, rapidly, sharp(ly), hurriedly, speedily; ~[gāmī/gati] speedy, fast (moving); ~[pāta] quick ejaculation (in sexual intercourse).

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śīghra (ಶೀಘ್ರ):—[adjective] rapid; swift; quick.

--- OR ---

Śīghra (ಶೀಘ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the quality of acting, responding, reacting, moving quickly; quickness; swiftness.

2) [noun] a particular mode or method of shooting arrows.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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