Shibika, Śibikā: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Shibika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śibikā can be transliterated into English as Sibika or Shibika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śibikā (शिबिका).—A river of the Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 32.

1b) A palanquin; reference to that of king Sauvīra;1 of Kubera, built by Viśvakarmā from the Vaiṣṇava effulgence.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 13. 53.
  • 2) Ib. III. 2. 11; V. 30. 61.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śibika (शिबिक) or Śibi refers to a country belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Śibika] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Śibika (शिबिक) [=Śivika?] refers to a “palanquin”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “Then the Bodhisattva Apāyajaha addressed himself to the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja: ‘Son of good family, please pacify three evil existences’. [...] Then, the rain of gifts, such as [...] chariots, foot-soldiers, vehicles, houses, villages, cities, towns, provinces, kingdoms, capitals, gardens, pavilions, palaces, portals, windows, half-moon shaped decorations on building, thrones, palanquin (śivika), and chariots drawn by four cattle, sixteen cattle, and a thousand of good horses, poured down from the open space. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śibikā (शिबिका).—f (S) An open palanquin of a certain description. See pālakhī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śibikā (शिबिका).—f A kind of open palanquin.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śibikā (शिबिका).—

1) A palanquin, litter.

2) A bier.

3) A raised platform.

See also (synonyms): śivikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śibika (शिबिक).—[masculine] = [preceding]; [feminine] ā litter, palanquin, the weapon of Kubera.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śibika (शिबिक):—[from śibi] m. Name of a king (= śibi), [Buddhist literature]

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people in the south of India, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) Śibikā (शिबिका):—[from śibika > śibi] a f. See next.

4) [v.s. ...] b f. (also written śivikā) a palanquin, palkee, litter, bier, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] weapon of Kubera (god of wealth), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a stage or platform erected for exhibitions, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

7) [v.s. ...] a proper Name [ib.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shibika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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