Madraka, aka: Mādraka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Madraka in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1) Madraka (मद्रक).—A Kṣatriya king of ancient Bhārata. He was born of the partial spirit of the demon Krodhavaśa. Śloka 59, Chapter 67, Ādi Parva).

2) Madraka (मद्रक).—Soldiers of the country of Madra were called Madrakas. Madrakas were included in the Kaurava army. (Śloka 7, Chapter 51, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Madraka (मद्रक).—A son of Śibi; Kingdom of, Mādrakas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 10. Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 23-24.

1b) A tribe; turned into a ruling caste by Purañjaya;1 followed Bhīma in his conquests;2 established by Viśvasphāṇi.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 114. 41; Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 36.
  • 2) Ib. X. 72. 13.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 191.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Madraka (मद्रक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.47.7, VI.52.5, VIII.4.46, VIII.30.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Madraka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Madraka (मद्रक) refers to one of the ten practices performed after the removal of the stage curtain, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. Accordingly, madraka refers to “songs”. This type of preliminary can be substituted with the Vardhamānaka class.

2) Madraka (मद्रक) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first, the fourth, the sixth, the tenth, the twelfth, the sixteenth, the eighteenth, and the twenty-second syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼¦¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼¦¦
⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼¦¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼¦¦

Madraka falls in the Ākṛtī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing twenty-two syllables each.

3) Madraka (मद्रक) refers to one of the seven types of song (gitaka), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. Accordingly, “the madraka is of two kinds: one consisting of four vastus and the other consisting of three vastus, and that which consists of three vastus, includes a śīrṣaka”.

4) Madraka also refers to one of the ten kinds of dhruvā (“songs”) defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32. Accordingly, “Songs consisting of one, two, three and four vastus are respectively called the Dhruvā, Parigītikā, Madraka and Catuṣpadā. The dhruvā is so called, because in it words, varṇas, alaṃkāra, tempo (laya), jāti and pāṇis are regularly (dhruvaṃ) connected with one another”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madraka (मद्रक).—a. Belonging to, or produced in, Madra.

-kaḥ A ruler or inhabitant of Madra.

-kāḥ (pl.) Name of a degraded tribe in the south.

--- OR ---

Mādraka (माद्रक).—A prince of the Madras.

Derivable forms: mādrakaḥ (माद्रकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madraka (मद्रक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Produced, &c. in the country of Madra. E. madra a country so named, and kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 9 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dhruva
Dhruva (ध्रुव).—mfn. (-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) 1. External. 2. Fixed, stable, firm. 3. Continual, permanent...
Vardhamana
Vardhamāna (वर्धमान) or Varddhamāna.—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Prosperous, thriving. 2. Increasing,...
Vritta
Vṛtta (वृत्त).—mfn. (-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Chosen, selected, appointed. 2. Done, performed, engage...
Gitaka
Gītaka (गीतक).—A song; Y.3.113.Derivable forms: gītakam (गीतकम्).
Ashadha
Āṣāḍha (आषाढ) is the second month of the “summer season” (nidagha) in the traditional Indian ca...
Catushpada
Catuṣpada (चतुष्पद).—nf. (-daṃ-dī) Verse, a metre of stanzas especially consisting of four Pada...
Vivadha
Vivadha (विवध).—m. (-dhaḥ) 1. A road, a highway. 2. A yoke for carrying burdens. 3. A load. 4. ...
Ekaka
Ekaka (एकक).—a.1) Single, alone, solitary, without a coadjutor; अयं हि शिशुरेकको (ayaṃ hi śiśur...
Parigitika
Parigītikā (परिगीतिका) refers to a type of song (dhruvā) consisting of two vastus, according to...

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