Shatananda, Śatānanda, Śatānandā, Shata-ananda: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shatananda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śatānanda and Śatānandā can be transliterated into English as Satananda or Shatananda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shatananda in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—Son of Gautama and his wife Ahalyā (female counterpart of the twin children of Mudgala). He had a son named Satyadhṛti. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.34-35)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Śatānandā (शतानन्दा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Śatānandā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śatānanda (शतानन्द).—Priest of King Janaka. He was the son of Gautama by Ahalyā. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha and Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278). Śatānanda felt elated that Śrī Rāma restored to Ahalyā her old sanctity and also that his father Gautama received back his mother and lived with her. It was Śatānanda, who acted as high-priest at the wedding of Sītā with Rāma.

2) Śatānanda (शतानन्द).—A maharṣi, who possessed divine gifts. He once paid a visit to Bhīṣma. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 26, Verse 8).

3) Śatānandā (शतानन्दा).—A female attendant of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Verse 11).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śatānanda (शतानन्द).—A son of Ahalyā and Gautama, (Śaradvān, Matsya-purāṇa). Father of Satyadhṛti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 34-35; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 63.

1b) Came to see Kṛṣṇa at Syamantapañcaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 84. 3.

1c) A sage of the period of Sāvarṇi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 32.

1d) A son of Śāradvata, a great seer.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 202.

2) Śatānandā (शतानन्दा).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 11.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śatānandā (शतानन्दा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.11). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śatānandā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śatānanda (शतानन्द) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shatananda in Shaktism glossary
Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Śatānandā (शतानन्दा) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Śatānandā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Śatānandā (शतानन्दा) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Śatānandā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shatananda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatānanda (शतानन्द).—

1) Name of Brahman.

2) of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa.

3) of the car of Viṣṇu.

4) of a son of Gautama and Ahalyā, the family-priest of Janaka; गौतमश्च शतानन्दो जनकानां पुरोहिताः (gautamaśca śatānando janakānāṃ purohitāḥ) U.1.16.

Derivable forms: śatānandaḥ (शतानन्दः).

Śatānanda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and ānanda (आनन्द).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatānanda (शतानन्द).—m.

(-ndaḥ) 1. Brahma. 2. Vishnu or Krishna. 3. The car of Vishnu. 4. The Muni Gautama, the founder of the logical school of philosophy. 5. The eldest son of Gautama (according to the Ramayana,) and Purohit or religious adviser of Janaka of Mithila. E. śata hundred or many, and ānanda who delights.

--- OR ---

Satānanda (सतानन्द).—m.

(-ndaḥ) The sage Gautama, the author of the Nyaya or logical philosophy. E. sat the good, and ānanda who delights.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śatānanda (शतानन्द) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Abhinanda (Rāmacaritamahākāvya).

2) Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

3) Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—Kārttikamāhātmyasaṃgraha.

4) Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—Tithyadhikāraṭīkā.

5) Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—Ratnamālā jy. Quoted by Raghunandana in Jyotistattva.

6) Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—son of Śaṅkara and Sarasvatī: Bhāsvatīkaraṇa, written in 1100. Bhāsvatī med. (?). B. 4, 230.

7) Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—Śikṣāpattrīṭīkā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—[from śata] m. ‘delighting h°'s’, Name of Brahmā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] of a sage and other men, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] the car of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Śatānandā (शतानन्दा):—[from śatānanda > śata] f. Name of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

6) Satānanda (सतानन्द):—[wrong reading] for śatān q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—[śatā+nanda] (ndaḥ) 1. m. Brahmā; Vishnu; his car; Gautama.

2) Satānanda (सतानन्द):—[satā-nanda] (ndaḥ) 1. m. The sage Gautama.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śatānanda (शतानन्द):—(1. śata + ā)

1) m. a) ein Name Brahman's [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 211.] [Halāyudha 1, 6.] — b) ein Name Viṣṇu’s oder Kṛṣṇa’s [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 32.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 73.] [Medinīkoṣa d. 54.] — c) Viṣṇu’s Wagen [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 34.] — d) Nomen proprium eines alten Ṛṣi [Medinīkoṣa] [Mahābhārata 13, 1765.] eines Sohnes des Gautama (Gotama) von der Ahalyā [Harivaṃśa 1785.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 454.] Purohita des Königs Janaka [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 50, 6 (51, 6 Gorresio). 51, 1. 2 (52, 1. 2. Gorresio).] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 21, 34.] [ 68.] = gautama [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 7, 21.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 850.] ein späterer Śatānanda gleichfalls ein Sohn Gautama's [Oxforder Handschriften 122], a, 1. ein Sohn Śaṃkara’s von der Sarasvatī [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 841.] [ 48. fg.] —

2) f. ā Nomen proprium einer der Mütter im Gefolge Skanda's [Mahābhārata 9, 2629.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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