Kripa, Kṛpa, Kṛpā: 22 definitions


Kripa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṛpa and Kṛpā can be transliterated into English as Krpa or Kripa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Krapa.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Kṛpā (कृपा) refers to:—Mercy. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Kṛpa (कृप):—The male child born of the two children born from the semen of Śaradvān that fell unto a patch of grass upon him seeing Urvaśī. The female counterpart is called Kṛpī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.36)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kṛpa (कृप).—A King in ancient India. He never ate flesh. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Verse 64). (See full article at Story of Kṛpa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Kṛpa (कृप).—(KṚPĀCĀRYA).

2) . Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Brahmā-Atri—Candra—Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa—Yayāti—Puru—Janamejaya—Prācinvān—Pravīra—Namasyu—Vītabhaya—Śuṇḍu—Bahuvidha—Saṃyāti—Rahovādī—Raudrāśva—Matināra—Santurodha—Duṣyanta—Bharata—Suhotā—Gala—Garda—Suketu—Bṛhatkṣetra—Hasti—Ajamīḍha—Nīla—Śānti—Suśānti—Puruja—Arka—Bhavyāśva—Pāñcāla—Mudgala. A daughter called Ahalyā was born to Mudgala. Maharṣi Gautama married her. To Gautama was born Śatānanda, to him Satyadhṛti, to him Śaradvān and to Śaradvān was born Kṛpācārya. The Purāṇas refer to the generation preceding Gautama only in the maternal line. It is said in verse 2, Chapter 130 of the Ādi Parva, that Śaradvān was the son of Gautama. According to Agni Purāṇa, Bhāgavata etc. Śaradvān, father of Kṛpa was the son of the great-grand son of Gautama and grandson of Śatānanda. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kṛpā (कृपा) refers to “compassionate”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.51 (“The resuscitation of Kāma”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “On hearing their words, lord Śiva was delighted. The lord, the ocean of mercy, glanced compassionately (kṛpā-dṛṣṭi). Thanks to the nectarine glance of the Trident-bearing lord, Kāma came out of the ashes, a comely wonder-inspiring body with splendid dress and features. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kṛpa (कृप).—(Kṛpaśāradvata) the son of Satyadhṛti (Śaradvat, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa), found in a forest by Śantanu with the twin Kṛpī.1 Met by Kṛtavarman, Rāma and Kṛṣṇa;2 invited for the rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira.3 Joined Duryodhana's camp and survived the Kurukṣetra war.4 Went to Syamantapāñcaka for solar eclipse.5 Supplied arms to Śatānīka.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 36; X. 82. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 204; 100. 11; 106. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 68.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. [56 (V) 4, 12]; 57. 2.
  • 3) Ib. X. 74. 10.
  • 4) Ib. X. 78. [95 (V) 16]; 80. [2].
  • 5) Ib. 82. 24.
  • 6) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 4.

1b) A son of Śiṣṭa and Succāyā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 39.

1c) A sage of the eighth epoch of Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 17.

2) Kṛpā (कृपा).—A river from the Śuktimat (Śuktimanta, Matsya-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 38; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 32.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kṛpa (कृप) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.90, I.63, I.61.71) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kṛpa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Kripa was born from the vitality of Sardhwan, a son of Gautama. He also had a twin sister named Kripi, who married Drona. Both Kripa and his sister were found by Shantanu in the forest and were brought up in his palace. Kripa became very learned in the scriptures and was also a skilled warrior. Once he came of age, he became the preceptor of the Kurus.

Impelled by his affection for his nephew Ashwatthama, he fought the great Kurukshetra war on the side of the Kauravas. He was one of the few great warriors on the Kaurava side to survive the war, but he forever brought shame on his name, by aiding in his nephew Ashwatthama's murders at the end of the war.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kripa (कृपा): The concept of Divine Grace in Hinduism, especially in Bhakti Yoga.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kṛpā (कृपा) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kṛpā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Kṛpa (कृप) refers to “pity” (as opposed to Akṛpa—‘those who do not have pity’), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān said to Brahmā and others]: “[...] These dhāraṇī-mantrapadas are established in Jambudvīpa for the benefit, welfare and comfort of all beings. It is for the subduing and restraining of hostile and harmful Nāgas who do not have compassion and pity (akṛpa). It is for the giving of punishment to the enemy”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛpā (कृपा).—f (S) Tenderness, compassionateness, mercifulness. 2 Favorableness towards; kindlydisposedness. 3 Kindness or favor conferred. See under dayā words with which this word is compounded. 4 In theology. Divine favor, grace. 5 Compounds such as kṛpāmṛta, kṛpārasa, kṛpāvṛṣṭi are ad libitum.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṛpā (कृपा).—f Favourableness towards; kind- ness; tenderness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛpa (कृप).—The maternal uncle of अश्वत्थामन् (aśvatthāman). [He was born of the sage Śaradvat by a nymph called Jānapadī, but along with his sister Kṛpī, also born from the nymph, he was brought up by Śantanu. He was proficient in the science of archery. In the great war he sided with the Kauravas, and after all had been slain he was given an asylum by the Pāṇḍavas. He is one of the seven Chirajīvins.] कृपश्च समितिञ्जयः (kṛpaśca samitiñjayaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.8.

Derivable forms: kṛpaḥ (कृपः).

--- OR ---

Kṛpā (कृपा).—[krap-bhidā °aṅ saṃpra.] Pity, tenderness, compassion; कृपया परयाविष्टः (kṛpayā parayāviṣṭaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.28; चक्रवाकयोः पुरो वियुक्ते मिथुने कृपावती (cakravākayoḥ puro viyukte mithune kṛpāvatī) Kumārasambhava 5.26; Śānti.4.19; सकृपम् (sakṛpam) kindly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛpa (कृप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. The name of a sage, the brother-in-law of Drona. 2. A name of Vyasa, the compiler of Vedas and Puranas. f.

(-pā) Tenderness, compassionateness f. (-pī) The wife of the sage Drona. E. kṛp to be able, &c. aṅ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛpa (कृप).—m., and f. , Proper names, Mahābhārata 1, 2436.

--- OR ---

Kṛpā (कृपा).—[kṛp + ā], f. Compassion, Mahābhārata 2, 2294. kṛpāṃ kṛ, To have compassion, [Draupadīpramātha] 9, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛpa (कृप).—[masculine] ī [feminine] a man’s & woman’s name.

--- OR ---

Kṛpā (कृपा).—[feminine] compassion, pity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛpa (कृप):—[from kṛp] m. Name of a man (described as a friend of Indra), [Ṛg-veda viii, 3, 12 and 4, 2]

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ī). Name of the son and daughter of the sage Śaradvat (who performed severe penance; the jealous Indra therefore sent a nymph to tempt him, but without success; however, twin sons were born to the sage in a clump of grass [śara-stambe], who were found by king Śāntanu and out of pity [kṛpā] taken home and reared; the daughter, Kṛpī, married Droṇa, and had by him a son called Aśvatthāman; the son, Kṛpa, became one of the council at Hastināpura, and is sometimes called Gautama, sometimes Śāradvata; according to, [Harivaṃśa] and, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa], Kṛpa and Kṛpī were only distant descendants of Śaradvat; according to others, Kṛpa = Vyāsa or = a son of Kṛṣṇa), [Mahābhārata etc.]

3) Kṛpā (कृपा):—[from kṛpa > kṛp] a f. See sub voce below.

4) [from kṛp] b f. ([gana] bhidādi) pity, tenderness, compassion (with [genitive case] or [locative case]; kṛpāṃ-√kṛ, to pity [with [locative case]] [Nalopākhyāna xvii; Rāmāyaṇa]), [Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a river ([varia lectio] rūpā), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛpa (कृप):—(paḥ) 1. m. Brother-in-law of Dronā, Vyāsa. f. () Dronā's wife.

2) Kṛpā (कृपा):—(pā) 1. f. Pity, compassion, tenderness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṛpa (कृप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kiva, Kivā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kripa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kṛpā (कृपा) [Also spelled krapa]:—(nf) kindness; favour; grace; kindly disposition; favourable attitude; —[kaṭākṣa] kindly/favourable look or disposition; ~[kāṃkṣī] seeking favour; -[dṛṣṭi] see —[kaṭākṣa; —pātra] deserving favour; favourite; ~[mūrti] His/Your Grace; —[siṃdhu] lit. ocean of kindness—an epithet of God.

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