Satpurusha, Satpuruṣa: 10 definitions



Satpurusha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Satpuruṣa can be transliterated into English as Satpurusa or Satpurusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satpurusha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष) refers to a class of kimpuruṣa deities according to Digambara, while the Śvetāmbara tradition does not recognize this class. The kimpuruṣas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The kimpuruṣas are are golden in appearance according to Digambara, but white in complexion with very bright faces according to Śvetāmbara.

The deities such as the Satpuruṣas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष) and Mahāpuruṣa are the two Indras (i.e., lords or kings) of the Kimpuruṣas who came to the peak of Meru for partaking in the birth-ceremonies of Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Kimpuruṣa class of “peripatetic celestial beings” (vyantara), itself a main division of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.6. Satpuruṣa and Mahāpuruṣa are the two lords in the class ‘sex-obsessed’ peripatetic celestial beings.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Satpuruṣa.—(LL), a Buddhist saint. Note: satpuruṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Satpurusha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष).—m A virtuous or benevolent man.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Satpurusha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष).—(compare Sanskrit id., Pali sappurisa), lit. worthy or true man: Mahāvyutpatti 7358; sixteen s° listed Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 3.10, the chief being Bhadrapāla, who is the only one named in Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 2.3, where 16 are also referred to. They are evidently a lay category, and are mentioned immediately after a list of Bodhisattvas. According to Professor Paul Mus (oral com- munication, May, 1949), they are a kind of lay equivalent of the Bodhisattvas, who live the life of gṛhapatis; Prof. Mus finds a typical illustration of them in the figure of Vimalakīrti (q.v.), so well known in Chinese Buddhism. In [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit], V. is not listed so far as I know except once in a list of 16 Bodhisattvas. The term satpuruṣa may include monks: Mahāvastu i.37.4 (see s.v. labhā, labhyaṃ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष).—[masculine] a good or excellent man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष):—[=sat-puruṣa] [from sat] m. a good or wise man, [Kāvya literature; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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