Satpurusha, Satpuruṣa: 13 definitions
Satpurusha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Satpuruṣa can be transliterated into English as Satpurusa or Satpurusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)
Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष) refers to a “wise being”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—According to Bhāskara II (Cf. Līlāvatī, Bījagaṇita): “What the learned calculators (sāṃkhya [sāṃkhyāḥ]) describe as the originator of intelligence, being directed by a wise being (satpuruṣa) and which alone is the primal cause (bīja) of all knowns (vyakta), I venerate that Invisible God as well as that Science of Calculation with Unknowns... Since questions can scarcely be solved without the reasoning of algebra—not at all by those of dull perceptions—I shall speak, therefore, of the operations of analysis”.
Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष) refers to “good men”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “The great vehicle (mahāyāna) is made with four wheels (cakra), namely with the means of attraction, the spokes (ara) are well fitted as the roots of good have been transformed with intention, [...] Therefore, good men (satpuruṣa), since the Bodhisatva enters on the supra-mundane way (lokottaramārga) after having put on the armour, he appears to many beings, performing the deeds of the Buddha (buddhakārya), even without obtaining omniscience (sarvajñāna)”
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष) refers to a class of kimpuruṣa deities according to Digambara, while the Śvetāmbara tradition does not recognize this class. The kimpuruṣas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The kimpuruṣas are are golden in appearance according to Digambara, but white in complexion with very bright faces according to Śvetāmbara.
The deities such as the Satpuruṣas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष) and Mahāpuruṣa are the two Indras (i.e., lords or kings) of the Kimpuruṣas who came to the peak of Meru for partaking in the birth-ceremonies of Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Kimpuruṣa class of “peripatetic celestial beings” (vyantara), itself a main division of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.6. Satpuruṣa and Mahāpuruṣa are the two lords in the class ‘sex-obsessed’ peripatetic celestial beings.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Satpuruṣa.—(LL), a Buddhist saint. Note: satpuruṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष).—m A virtuous or benevolent man.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष).—(compare Sanskrit id., Pali sappurisa), lit. worthy or true man: Mahāvyutpatti 7358; sixteen s° listed Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 3.10, the chief being Bhadrapāla, who is the only one named in Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 2.3, where 16 are also referred to. They are evidently a lay category, and are mentioned immediately after a list of Bodhisattvas. According to Professor Paul Mus (oral com- munication, May, 1949), they are a kind of lay equivalent of the Bodhisattvas, who live the life of gṛhapatis; Prof. Mus finds a typical illustration of them in the figure of Vimalakīrti (q.v.), so well known in Chinese Buddhism. In [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit], V. is not listed so far as I know except once in a list of 16 Bodhisattvas. The term satpuruṣa may include monks: Mahāvastu i.37.4 (see s.v. labhā, labhyaṃ).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष).—[masculine] a good or excellent man.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष):—[=sat-puruṣa] [from sat] m. a good or wise man, [Kāvya literature; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Satpuruṣa (सत्पुरुष):—[sa-tpuruṣa] (ṣaḥ) 1. m. A worthy man.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Satpuruṣa (ಸತ್ಪುರುಷ):—[noun] a virtuous, meritorious man.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Purusha, Sha, Sat.
Starts with: Satpurushashtaka.
Full-text (+15): Kimpurusha, Satpurushashtaka, Mahapurusha, Satpaurushya, Varunadatta, Indradatta, Anupamamati, Uttaramati, Vardhamanamati, Suvikrantavikramin, Susarthavaha, Rajapurusha, Amoghadarshin, Vimalakirti, Visheshamati, Bhadrapala, Susamprasthita, Guhagupta, Suryagarbha, Dharanimdhara.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Satpurusha, Satpuruṣa, Satpurusa, Sat-purusha, Sat-puruṣa, Sat-purusa, Sa-tpurusha, Sa-tpuruṣa, Sa-tpurusa; (plurals include: Satpurushas, Satpuruṣas, Satpurusas, purushas, puruṣas, purusas, tpurushas, tpuruṣas, tpurusas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Prasthanatrayi Swaminarayan Bhashyam (Study) (by Sadhu Gyanananddas)
4.4l. The Guru Who Interprets the Śabda < [Chapter 2 - Analysis on the Basis Of Epistemology]
5. The Role of the Guru in Sādhanā < [Chapter 4 - Analysis on the Basis of Spiritual Endeavour]
12.3. Śraddhā (Patience, Faith) < [Chapter 4 - Analysis on the Basis of Spiritual Endeavour]
Blue Annals (deb-ther sngon-po) (by George N. Roerich)
Chapter 23 - Mind instruction lineage (iv): nam mkha' bsod nams pa < [Book 8 - The famous Dakpo Kagyü (traditions)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 19: The Vyantaras < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 6: The birth-bath of Sambhava < [Chapter I - Sambhavajinacaritra]
Part 8: Birth-ceremonies presided over by Śakra < [Chapter II - Birth of Ajita and Sagara]
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 4.6 - The two lords (indra) < [Chapter 4 - The Celestial Beings]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Chapter 8: Indras < [Book 3]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
II.a The seven rebirths in kāmadhātu < [Part 8 - Predicting the fruits of ripening of various kinds of gifts]
I. Being born into the family of the Bodhisattvas < [Part 4 - Being born into the family of the Bodhisattvas, etc.]
IV. Supplementary explanations < [Part 2 - Understanding dharmatā and its synonyms]