Satra, Shatra: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Satra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Satra (सत्र).—A sacrifice in Naimiṣa extending over a thousand years;1 at Kurukṣetra;2 by Indra for 500 years.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 1. 4: Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 13-14: 23. 19: 54. 2.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 1. 17.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 1, 3.

1b) A son of Svāyambhuva Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 104.

1c) One of the ten sons of Kardama.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Satra (सत्र) refers to “forest” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Satra] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Satra.—(EI 10, 19, 23, 26), same as sattra. Note: satra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

satra (सत्र).—n (S) Sacrificing or sacrifice. 2 Liberality, munificence. 3 Reciting in public assembly the marvelous exploits, or celebrating the praises, of the gods. 4 The distribution of food to Brahmans and mendicants: also the building erected or the spot appointed for this distribution.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

satra (सत्र).—n Sacrificing or sacrifice. Liberality, munificence. The distribution of food to mendicants. also the building arected for this purpose.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Satra (सत्र).—See. सत्त्र (sattra).

-tram ind. With, together; सार्धं साकं समं सत्रं सहार्थे संप्रकीर्तिताः (sārdhaṃ sākaṃ samaṃ satraṃ sahārthe saṃprakīrtitāḥ)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satra (सत्र).—n.

(-traṃ) Sacrifice, &c.: see sattra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satra (सत्र).—see sattra.

--- OR ---

Satrā (सत्रा).—[sa + trā], prep. (with instr.), With, together with.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satrā (सत्रा).—[adverb] at once, together; along with ([instrumental]); at all, by all means; thoroughly, much too.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śātra (शात्र):—n. Name of various Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

2) Satrā (सत्रा):—[=sa-trā] [from sa > sa-takṣan] a etc. See [column]2.

3) Satra (सत्र):—incorrect for sattra.

4) Satrā (सत्रा):—[=sa-trā] b ind. ([from] 7. sa + trā) together, together with ([instrumental case]), altogether, throughout

5) [v.s. ...] always, by all means, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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