Satkara, Satkāra, Ṣaṭkarā, Ṣaṭkara, Shatkara, Sat-kara: 16 definitions


Satkara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṣaṭkarā and Ṣaṭkara can be transliterated into English as Satkara or Shatkara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Ṣaṭkarā (षट्करा) [=Karaṣaṭkā?] refers to “she who has six hands” and is used to describe Goddess Vajreśvarī, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] May the goddess Vajreśvarī give me all objects of my desire. She is known to have her abode at the right corner [of the central triangle]. She is resplendent like a thunderbolt, beautiful like fresh coral, and has a bow, arrows, a snare, a hook, a shield, and a mātuluṅga fruit attached to her six arms (karaṣaṭka-sakta). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Satkāra (सत्कार) refers to “veneration”, as defined in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “Tsouen-tchong (Satkāra ‘veneration’). – Knowing that nobody surpasses the Buddhas in virtue is tsouen; feeling for them a reverential fear surpassing that which one experiences toward one’s father, mother, master or princes, serving them and respecting them is tchong”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Satkāra (सत्कार) refers to “honor”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, having praised the Lord with these verses, addressed himself to the Lord: ‘[...] The Lord, who is without distinction (nirviśeṣa), practices (prayoga) sameness (samatā) of all living beings since he is purified just like open space. Since the Lord has no desire, he is satisfied with insight and free from gain, honor and fame (lābha-satkāra-śloka)). Since the Lord is omniscient (sarvajña), his mode of five eyes is purified and sees everything’. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Satkāra (सत्कार) refers to “kind treatment” and represents one of the hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (e.g., satkāra). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

satkāra (सत्कार).—m (S) Paying reverence or respect. 2 Respect, reverence, homage, honor as paid or rendered.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

satkāra (सत्कार).—m Paying respect. Reverence, respect, homage.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Satkāra (सत्कार).—

1) a kind or hospitable treatment, hospitable reception; सत्कारमानपूजार्थं तपो दम्भेन चैव यत् । क्रियते तदिह प्रोक्तं राजसं चलमध्रुवम् (satkāramānapūjārthaṃ tapo dambhena caiva yat | kriyate tadiha proktaṃ rājasaṃ calamadhruvam) || Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 17.18.

2) reverence, respect.

3) care, attention.

4) a meal.

5) a festival, religious observance.

Derivable forms: satkāraḥ (सत्कारः).

Satkāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sat and kāra (कार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satkāra (सत्कार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Reverence, respect. 2. Hospitable treatment or reception. 3. Care. 4. A meal. 5. A festival. E. sat, kāra making.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satkāra (सत्कार).—i. e. sant (see the last), -kāra, m. 1. Reverence, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 3, 20, b.; attention, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 84. 2. Hospitality, hospitable reception, [Hitopadeśa] 60, 1, M. M. 3. A meal, a festival, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 59. 4. Care, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 3, 20, a.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satkāra (सत्कार).—[masculine] good treatment or service, [especially] good reception of a guest, hospitality; burning of a dead body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaṭkāra (षट्कार):—[=ṣaṭ-kāra] m. the syllable ṣaṭ (in vauṣaṭ), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) Satkāra (सत्कार):—[=sat-kāra] [from sat] m. (sg. or [plural]) kind treatment, honour, favour, reverence (with paścima = -karaṇa, [Harivaṃśa]; rāja-sat-k, ‘the favour of a king’ [Rāmāyaṇa]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] hospitable treatment, hospitality, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] feasting (or = ‘a meal’), festival, religious observance, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] care, attention, consideration of or regard for a thing, [Yoga-sūtra]

6) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for saṃskāra, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satkāra (सत्कार):—[sa-tkāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Respect; hospitality.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Satkāra (सत्कार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sakkāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Satkara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Satkara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Satkāra (सत्कार) [Also spelled satkar]:—(nm) hospitality; welcome; ~[śīla] hospitable; —[karanā] to extend all hospitality; to greet/welcome.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Satkāra (ಸತ್ಕಾರ):—

1) [noun] a treating hospitably; hospitability; a hospitable treatment.

2) [noun] honour or esteem; for; high regard.

3) [noun] notice; awareness; attention.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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