Indradatta: 11 definitions


Indradatta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Indradatta in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त).—See 'Vararuci'.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त).—A Kinnara with human face.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 35.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Indradatta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त) is the name of a Brāhman, whose story is told in the ‘Story of Vararuci’, according to the Kathāsaritsśgara. Indradatta and another Brāhman (Vyāḍi) once visited Vararuci who lived together with his mother Vasudattā. They recited to him a Prātiśākhya and upon learning that Vararuci could remember any recitation by heart, they started narrating the tale of two Brāhman brothers.

2) Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त) is the name of an ancient king from Cedi according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 34. Accordingly, “there lived in old time in the land of Cedi a great king called Indradatta. He founded for his glory a great temple at the holy bathing-place of Pāpaśodhana, desiring the body of good reputation, as he saw that our mortal body is perishable. And the king in the ardour of his devotion was continually going to visit it, and all kinds of people were continually coming there to bathe in the holy water”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Indradatta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Indradatta in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त).—Author of the ' Gūḍhaphakkikāprakāśa', a gloss on the difficult passages in the Mahābhāṣya.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Indradatta in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त) is one of the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata, mentioned in a list of twenty-two in to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—They were at the head of countless thousands of koṭinayuta of Bodhisattva-mahāsattvas who were all still awaiting succession and will still accede to Buddhahood. He is also known as Tchou t’ien.

Indradatta is one of the sixteen classified as a lay (gṛhastha) Bodhisattva.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Indradatta in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त) is the name of an ancient king, according to chapter 3.2 [abhinandana-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly: “On the next day in Ayodhyā, the Master (i.e., Abhinandana) broke his fast with rice-pudding in the house of King Indradatta. A rain of treasure, a rain of flowers, a shower of perfumed rain, the sound of the drum in the sky, and a waving of garments were made by the gods. ‘Oh, the gift! Oh, the gift! the beautiful gift!’ was proclaimed aloud by Gods, Asuras, and men unrestrained in joy. Then the Master went elsewhere and in the place of the Master’s feet, Indradatta made a jeweled platform, always wishing to worship. As an (ordinary) ascetic, the Master wandered for eighteen years, enduring trials, persevering in various vows”.

2) Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त) is the name of an ancient king from Kauśāmbī, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.8 [The abandonment of Sītā].—Accordingly, as Muni Deśabhūṣaṇa said to Rāma: “Acala went to Kauśāmbī and there he saw King Indradatta studying archery with his teacher Siṃha. He demonstrated archery to Siṃha and Indradatta, and Indradatta gave him his daughter Dattā together with territory. He formed an army and conquered Aṅga and other territories. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Indradatta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त).—name of a ‘virtuous man’ (satpuruṣa, q.v.): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 3.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indradatta (इन्द्रदत्त):—[=indra-datta] [from indra] m. Name of a Brāhman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German]

Indradatta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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