Sanjiva, aka: Sañjīva, Sañjiva; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sanjiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Sañjīva (सञ्जीव) refers to the use of “living creatures” and represents one of the categories of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It can also be spelled as saṃjīva (संजीव). The perfection of Nepathya forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sañjīva (सञ्जीव).—The entrance of animals in the stage is called sañjīva. Animals may be four-footed, two-footed and with no foot (apada). Of these, serpents are without foot, birds and men are two-footed, and different animals in the forest or in human settlements are known to be fourfooted.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sanjiva in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sañjīva (सञ्जीव).—A character in the Pañcatantra. (See under Pañcatantra).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Sanjiva. One of the two chief disciples of Kakusandha Buddha (D.ii.4; J.i.42; Bu.xxiii.20). He was expert in samadhi, and lived in cells, caves, etc., sustaining himself on samadhi. One day, when in a state of trance in a forest, woodmen, thinking him dead, burnt his body, but he, emerging at the proper time from his trance, shook out his robes and entered the village for alms; hence his name, Sanjiva (Quick) (M.i.333; cf. DA.ii.417; MA.i.522; PSA.496). This feat is referred to as an example of samadhi vipphara iddhi. E.g., Vsm.380, 706; PS.ii.212; BuA.24, etc.

2. Sanjiva. A Niraya. Beings born there are subjected to numerous tortures, but contrive to survive them; hence the name. J.v.266, 270.

3. Sanjiva. A brahmin who could bring the dead to life; see the Sanjiva Jataka. He is identified with Ajatasattu. J.i.511.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

1) Sañjīva (सञ्जीव) refers to the “reviving hell” and represents one of the “eight hot hells” (uṣṇa-naraka) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 121). It can also be spelled as Saṃjīva. The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., sañjīva). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

2) Sañjīva (सञ्जीव) refers to the “reviving hell” and represents one of the “seven lower regions” (pātāla ) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 123).

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Relevant definitions

Search found 14 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sanjiva-raja
Sañjīva-rāja.—cf. Sañjīvarāyar (SITI), name of Hanumān. Note: sañjīva-rāja is defined in the “I...
Sanjiva Jataka
The Bodhisatta was a famous teacher in Benares, and among his pupils was a young brahmin, San...
Patala
1) Pāṭala (पाटल).—A monkey. This monkey met Śrī Rāma at Kiṣkindhā when the latter was going to ...
Niraya
Niraya (निरय).—1) Hell; निरयनगरद्वारमुद्घाटयन्ती (nirayanagaradvāramudghāṭayantī) Bh.1.63; Ms. ...
Naraka
1) Nāraka (नारक) or Nārakāyu refers to “infernal /hellish realms or states of existence” a...
Ajatasatru
Ajātaśatru (अजातशत्रु).—m. (-truḥ) A name of Yudhisht'Hir. E. ajāta unborn, and śatru an enemy,...
Nepathya
Nepathya (नेपथ्य).—1) Decoration, an ornament.2) Dress, apparel, costume, attire; उदारनेपथ्यभृत...
Saptapatala
Saptapātāla (सप्तपाताल).—the seven regions of the earth (i. e. atala, vitala, sutala, mahātala,...
Dusi
Dūṣi (दूषि) or Dūṣī (दूषी).—f. The rheum of the eyes.Derivable forms: dūṣiḥ (दूषिः).
Samjiva
Saṃjiva (संजिव) refers to one of the eight great hells according to the “world of transmigratio...
Ushnanaraka
Uṣṇanaraka (उष्णनरक) refers to the “eight hot hells” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section...
Seven Lower Regions
Seven Lower Regions:—A technical term in Buddhism corresponding to the Sanskrit saṃsk...
Eight Hot Hells
Eight Hot Hells:—A technical term in Buddhism corresponding to the Sanskrit saṃskāra&...
Kakusandha
The twenty second of the twenty four Buddhas and the first of the five Buddhas of the present...

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