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Tagara, 5 Definition(s)


Tagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Tagara (तगर) is a Sanskrit word referring to “valerian”, a herb from the Valerianaceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known by the names Tagaraka and Nata. The official botanical name of the plant is Valeriana jatamansi, which is a sub-species of Valeriana wallichii (or, Valeriana jatamansi), and is commonly known in English as “Indian Valerian” or “Tagar-ganthoda”. It is native to India. Nepal and China It is also known by the synonym Sanskrit names tagaraka and nata. As a traditional medicine, it is used in various recipes and used against sleep problems, obesity and other issues.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botanyĀyurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A city in the time of Dhammadassi Buddha; it was the capital of King Sanjaya. BuA.p.183.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


tagara : (nt.) fragrant shrub.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Tagara, (nt.) the shrub Tabernaemontana coronaria, and a fragrant powder or perfume obtained from it, incense Vin. I, 203; It. 68 (=Udānavarga p. 112, No. 8); Dh. 54, 55, 56 (candana+); J. IV, 286; VI, 100 (the shrub) 173 (id.); Miln. 338; Dāvs. V, 50; DhA. I, 422 (tagara-mallikā two kinds of gandhā). (Page 292)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

India history and geogprahy

1) Tagara (तगर) is the name of a village mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Arikesarin”.—Accordingly, “Now, while the Mahāmaṇḍaleśvara, the illustrious king Arikesarideva,—who, by his religious merit, has obtained the five mahāśabdas and who is adorned with all royal titles such as ‘the lord of the city of Tagara’”.

2) Tagara is the name of a village mentioned in the “Bassein stone inscription of Mallikārjuna”. Tagara has already been identified with Ter in the Osmanabad District.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
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The history and geography of India includes names of areas, cities, countries and other regions of India, as well as historical dynasties, rulers, tribes and various local traditions, languages and festivals. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom but primarely encourages the path of Dharma, incorporated into religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Relevant definitions

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