Tagara, aka: Ṭagara; 9 Definition(s)


Tagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Tagara (तगर) is a Sanskrit word referring to “valerian”, a herb from the Valerianaceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known by the names Tagaraka and Nata. The official botanical name of the plant is Valeriana jatamansi, which is a sub-species of Valeriana wallichii (or, Valeriana jatamansi), and is commonly known in English as “Indian Valerian” or “Tagar-ganthoda”. It is native to India. Nepal and China It is also known by the synonym Sanskrit names tagaraka and nata. As a traditional medicine, it is used in various recipes and used against sleep problems, obesity and other issues.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A city in the time of Dhammadassi Buddha; it was the capital of King Sanjaya. BuA.p.183.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Tagara (तगर) is a highly-scented tree known as Tabernaemontana coronaria. Also see the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

India history and geogprahy

1) Tagara (तगर).—The Śilāhāras originally hailed from Tagara. This place was a famous emporium in ancient times. Though its modern representative Ter is now included in Mahārāṣṭra, it was originally situated in the Kannaḍa territory.

2a) Tagara is the name of a village mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Arikesarin”.—Accordingly, “Now, while the Mahāmaṇḍaleśvara, the illustrious king Arikesarideva,—who, by his religious merit, has obtained the five mahāśabdas and who is adorned with all royal titles such as ‘the lord of the city of Tagara’”.

2b) Tagara is also mentioned in the “Bassein stone inscription of Mallikārjuna”. Tagara has already been identified with Ter in the Osmanabad District.

(Source): What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

tagara : (nt.) fragrant shrub.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Tagara, (nt.) the shrub Tabernaemontana coronaria, and a fragrant powder or perfume obtained from it, incense Vin. I, 203; It. 68 (=Udānavarga p. 112, No. 8); Dh. 54, 55, 56 (candana+); J. IV, 286; VI, 100 (the shrub) 173 (id.); Miln. 338; Dāvs. V, 50; DhA. I, 422 (tagara-mallikā two kinds of gandhā). (Page 292)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

tagara (तगर).—f A flowering shrub, Tabernæ montana coronaria. 2 n C The flower of it. 3 m P A ram.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tagara (तगर).—f A flowering shrub. n The flower of it. A ram.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṭagara (टगर).—a. Squint-eyed.

-raḥ 1 Borax.

2) Wanton play or sport.

3) Confusion.

4) An object of sense.

--- OR ---

Tagara (तगर).—A kind of plant; Mb.13.14.87.

-ram, tagarakam A kind of perfume (Tabernaemontana coronaria) and a fragrant powder prepared from it; Nm.

Derivable forms: tagaraḥ (तगरः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 27 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Lokhandi Tagara
lōkhaṇḍī tagara (लोखंडी तगर).—f A variety of the flower tagara.
1) Mallikā (मल्लिका) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt wi...
Sañjaya (सञ्जय) is the name of the teacher of Śāriputra (Upatiṣya) and Maudgalyāyana (Kolita) a...
Priyaṅgu (प्रियङ्गु) refers to Panicum italicum and forms part of the cosmetics and personal de...
Kuṭilā (कुटिला).—See under Pārvatī.
Kaccha (कच्छ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.55) and represents one of the ...
Biruda (बिरुद).—1) A token worn on the arm or hand etc. indicating excellence; बिरुदैश्च ध्वजैर...
Bahutā (बहुता).—1) Abundance, plenty, numerousness.2) Majority or plurality.3) (In gram.) The p...
Jihma (जिह्म).—a. [jahāti saralamārgam; hā-man sanvat ālopaśca Uṇ. 1.138]1) Sloping, athwart, o...
Elādi (एलादि) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified being a cosme...
1) Ya (य).—The consonant य् (y) with अ (a) added to it merely for the sake of facility in pronu...
Tālīśa (तालीश).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—The plant gro...
Tagarika (तगरिक).—A seller of Tagara powder.Derivable forms: tagarikaḥ (तगरिकः).See also (synon...
Vinamraka (विनम्रक).—The flower of the Tagara tree.Derivable forms: vinamrakam (विनम्रकम्).
1. Padapujaka Thera. An arahant. In the past he scattered seven jasmine flowers on the feet of ...

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