Tagara, Ṭagara: 15 definitions

Introduction

Tagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tagara (तगर) is a Sanskrit word referring to “valerian”, a herb from the Valerianaceae family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known by the names Tagaraka and Nata. The official botanical name of the plant is Valeriana jatamansi, which is a sub-species of Valeriana wallichii (or, Valeriana jatamansi), and is commonly known in English as “Indian Valerian” or “Tagar-ganthoda”. It is native to India. Nepal and China It is also known by the synonym Sanskrit names tagaraka and nata. As a traditional medicine, it is used in various recipes and used against sleep problems, obesity and other issues.

Source: archive.org: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency (ayurveda)

Tagara denotes the shrub Tabernaemontana coronaria, which belongs to the same family with the oleander and grows freely in this part of the country, and the flowers of which are used in the worship of idols.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Tagara (तगर) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Valeriana jatamansi Jones” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning tagara] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A city in the time of Dhammadassi Buddha; it was the capital of King Sanjaya. BuA.p.183.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Tagara (तगर) is a highly-scented tree known as Tabernaemontana coronaria. Also see the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency

Tagara or Tagarapura may be Kolhāpur, or, rather, Karavīra, which, now only a small village on the north side of Kolhāpur, has furnished the foundation for both the customary vernacular name for the State, viz. the Karavīra Ilākhā, and the title of the local Purāṇa, viz. the Karavīra-māhātmya, and must, therefore, have been the original settlement. There is a connection in meaning between the names of Tagara and Karavīra: the word tagara denotes the shrub Tabernaemontana coronaria, which belongs to the same family with the oleander and grows freely in this part of the country, and the flowers of which are used in the worship of idols; and karavīra denotes the Nerium odorum, the fragrant oleander, also growing freely in this part of the country, of which, similarly, the flowers are used in the worship of idols.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

1) Tagara (तगर).—The Śilāhāras originally hailed from Tagara. This place was a famous emporium in ancient times. Though its modern representative Ter is now included in Mahārāṣṭra, it was originally situated in the Kannaḍa territory.

2a) Tagara is the name of a village mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Arikesarin”.—Accordingly, “Now, while the Mahāmaṇḍaleśvara, the illustrious king Arikesarideva,—who, by his religious merit, has obtained the five mahāśabdas and who is adorned with all royal titles such as ‘the lord of the city of Tagara’”.

2b) Tagara is also mentioned in the “Bassein stone inscription of Mallikārjuna”. Tagara has already been identified with Ter in the Osmanabad District.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tagara : (nt.) fragrant shrub.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tagara, (nt.) the shrub Tabernaemontana coronaria, and a fragrant powder or perfume obtained from it, incense Vin. I, 203; It. 68 (=Udānavarga p. 112, No. 8); Dh. 54, 55, 56 (candana+); J. IV, 286; VI, 100 (the shrub) 173 (id.); Miln. 338; Dāvs. V, 50; DhA. I, 422 (tagara-mallikā two kinds of gandhā). (Page 292)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tagara (तगर).—f A flowering shrub, Tabernæ montana coronaria. 2 n C The flower of it. 3 m P A ram.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tagara (तगर).—f A flowering shrub. n The flower of it. A ram.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṭagara (टगर).—a. Squint-eyed.

-raḥ 1 Borax.

2) Wanton play or sport.

3) Confusion.

4) An object of sense.

--- OR ---

Tagara (तगर).—A kind of plant; Mb.13.14.87.

-ram, tagarakam A kind of perfume (Tabernaemontana coronaria) and a fragrant powder prepared from it; Nm.

Derivable forms: tagaraḥ (तगरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṭagara (टगर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Squint-eyed. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Borax. 2. Wanton play or sport. 3. Wandering of the mind, confusion, perplexity. 4. An object of sense.

--- OR ---

Tagara (तगर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A shrub, (Tabernæmontana coronaria.) 2. A thorny shrub, (Vangueria spinosa.) 3. Another plant, commonly Tagaramula. gṝ ac . tasya kroḍasya garaḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tagara (तगर).—n. An ornamental plant, Tabernæmontana coronaria, and an aromatic powder made of it, Mahābhārata 13, 5042.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṭagara (टगर):—mfn. squint-eyed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) m. borax, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xvi, 25]

3) = helā-vibhrama-gocara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Tagara (तगर):—[from tagaḍa-vallī] n. (m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) = raka, [Kauśika-sūtra 16; Mahābhārata xiii, 5042; Buddhist literature; Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxvii, 5 ff.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. = -pura, [Romakasiddhānta]

6) [v.s. ...] = sthakara or sthagara, a [particular] fragrant powder (Bloomfield’s [Atharva-veda], p. 311).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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