Paundravardhana, Pauṇḍravardhana, Paundra-vardhana: 8 definitions

Introduction

Paundravardhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paundravardhana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन).—A kṣetra sacred to Lalitā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 93. Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 79.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paundravardhana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) to be assigned to the left buttock (sakthi) during the pīṭhavidhi (‘ritual of sacred sites’) according to the Tantrāloka chapter 29. This chapter of the Tantrāloka by Abhinavagupta expounds details regarding the Kula initiation ritual. Kula or Kaula is a specific tradition within Śaivism, closely related to Siddhānta and Śaktism. In the Jñānārṇava-tantra it is also mentioned as a pīṭha and is also called Kolvagiri.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paundravardhana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन) is the name of a city visited by Vidūṣaka, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 18. His story was told by Udayana (king of Vatsa) in order to demonstratrate to his ministers that a brave man by himself without any support obtains prosperity.

2) Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन) is the name of a village mentioned by Śaktideva, according to the “story of the golden city”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 24. Śaktideva fraudulently claimed to have seen the Golden city, when he told his story to princess Kanakarekhā: “From this place I went to a town called Harapura, and from that I next came to the city of Benares; and from Benares in a few days to the city of Pauṇḍravardhana, thence I went to that city called the Golden City, and I saw it, a place of enjoyment for those who act aright, like the city of Indra, the glory of which is made for the delight of gods”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pauṇḍravardhana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paundravardhana in Tibetan Buddhism glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). These districts are not divided into subgroups, nor are explained their internal locations. They [viz., Pauṇḍravardhana] are external holy places, where the Tantric meting is held with native women who are identified as a native goddess. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.

Pauṇḍravardhana is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Cāmuṇḍā accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Kumbha. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the khaṭvāṅga.

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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

[«previous (P) next»] — Paundravardhana in India history glossary
Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन).—In the inscriptions of Bengal the name Puṇḍravardhana was changed into Pauṇḍravardhana in the early part of the 12th century, when it occurs first in the Manahali grant of Madanapāla and remained in use till the end of the Sena rule. Also see Pauṇḍra and Puṇḍra.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paundravardhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन).—(pauṇḍram ikṣuviśeṣaṃ vardhayati) Name of the country of Bihar.

Derivable forms: pauṇḍravardhanaḥ (पौण्ड्रवर्धनः).

Pauṇḍravardhana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pauṇḍra and vardhana (वर्धन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन) or Pauṇḍravarddhana.—m.

(-naḥ) A country, one of the divisions of central India, (Behar,) E. pauṇḍra the sugar-cane, and vardhana increasing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन):—[=pauṇḍra-vardhana] n. Name of a city (= puṇḍra-v), [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] (also -vivardhana, [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 13 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a country (Behar), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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