Paundra, Pauṇḍra, Paumdra: 16 definitions


Paundra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—One of the barbarous tribes of men who had originated from the tail of Nandinī. (Śloka 37, Chapter 174, Ādi Parva).

2) Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—A resident of the state of Pauṇḍra. This state was in existence during the Mahābhārata period. The king of the state was also called Pauṇḍra. Pauṇḍra was present for the marriage of Pāñcālī. (Chapter 186, Ādi Parva). Pauṇḍras were also present for the Rājasūya conducted by Dharmaputra. During the big battle the Pauṇḍras fought against the Kauravas constructing a Krauñcavyūha (a battle array in the shape of a stork). (Chapter 50, Bhīṣma Parva). Kṛṣṇa and Karṇa on two different occasions conquered this country. (Śānti Parva, Mahābhārata) The Pauṇḍras were Kṣatriyas once. But the brahmins cursed them and changed them into Śūdras. (Chapter 85, Anuśāsana Parva).

3) Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—The conch of Bhīmasena. He blew his conch at the beginning of the Mahābhārata battle and also at the time when Duryodhana fell down dead. (Chapter 61, Śalya Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—The kingdom named after the people.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 163. 73.

1b) A son of Bali, after whom came the name of the kingdom.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 13-14.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र) is another name for Puṇḍra, a country pertaining to the Oḍramāgadhī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the verbal style (bhāratī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Paundra in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र) is the name of a Vidyādhara, whose daughter Ambaraprabhā is one of the five Vidyādhara maidens that vowed to take Naravāhanadatta for a husband together, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 110. Accordingly, as Mandaradevī said to her father Akampana and to emperor Naravāhanadatta: “... I have four companions here, of like age, noble maidens; [...] the fourth is the daughter of the King of Pauṇḍra, named Ambaraprabhā [...]”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pauṇḍra, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र) refers to a country belonging to “Pūrvā or Pūrvadeśa (eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya represent the eastern division consisting of [i.e., Pauṇḍra] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र) refers to a country, mentioned in the Bṛhatsaṃhitā as situated in the east. Also see Puṇḍra or Puṇḍradeśa: a country mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The Kāvyamīmāmsā also mentions it as a Janapada in the east. In the inscriptions of Bengal the name Puṇḍravardhana was changed into Pauṇḍravardhana in the early part of the 12th century, when it occurs first in the Manahali grant of Madanapāla and remained in use till the end of the Sena rule.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—

1) Name of a country.

2) A king or inhabitant of that country; पौण्ड्रश्च बलिनां वरः (pauṇḍraśca balināṃ varaḥ) Hariv.

3) A kind of sugar-cane.

4) A sectarial mark.

5) Name of the conchshell of Bhīma; पौण्ड्रं दध्मौ महाशङ्खं भीमकर्मा वृकोदरः (pauṇḍraṃ dadhmau mahāśaṅkhaṃ bhīmakarmā vṛkodaraḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1. 15.

Derivable forms: pauṇḍraḥ (पौण्ड्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—name of a serpent (nāga) king: Megh 306.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—m.

(-ṇḍraḥ) 1. A country, extending from Rangpur across the Ganges to the Jungle Mahals and part of south Behar, including therefore the greater part of Bengal. 2. The Native of that country. 3. A king of that country. 4. A sort of sugar-cane of a pale straw colour. 5. Name of the conch-shell of Bhima. E. puṇḍra the same, aff. aṇ; also with kan added pauṇḍraka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—i. e. puṇḍra + a, m. 1. pl. The name of a people. 2. Their prince. 3. A sort of sugar-cane (cf. puṇḍra). 4. Bhīṣma’s conch, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 1, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—[masculine] [Name] of Bhīṣma’s conch-shell, [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र):—1. pauṇḍra m. ([from] puṇḍra) a species of sugar-cane of a pale straw colour, [Suśruta]

2) ([plural]) Name of a people and of a country (said to include part of South Behar and Bengal), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) (sg.) a king of this country (regarded as a son of Vasudeva), [ib.]

4) Name of the conch-shell of Bhīma, [Mahābhārata]

5) n. a sectarian mark, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) 2. pauṇḍra Vṛddhi form of puṇḍra in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र):—(ṇḍraḥ) 1. m. A country, greater part of Bengal; a sugar-cane.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paundra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pauṃḍra (ಪೌಂಡ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a variety of sugarcane, that has white vertical stripes.

2) [noun] a sectarian mark.

3) [noun] name of a country (prob. corresponding to the present Jharkhand and part of Bengal states).

4) [noun] its people.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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