Paundra, Pauṇḍra: 11 definitions
Paundra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—One of the barbarous tribes of men who had originated from the tail of Nandinī. (Śloka 37, Chapter 174, Ādi Parva).
2) Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—A resident of the state of Pauṇḍra. This state was in existence during the Mahābhārata period. The king of the state was also called Pauṇḍra. Pauṇḍra was present for the marriage of Pāñcālī. (Chapter 186, Ādi Parva). Pauṇḍras were also present for the Rājasūya conducted by Dharmaputra. During the big battle the Pauṇḍras fought against the Kauravas constructing a Krauñcavyūha (a battle array in the shape of a stork). (Chapter 50, Bhīṣma Parva). Kṛṣṇa and Karṇa on two different occasions conquered this country. (Śānti Parva, Mahābhārata) The Pauṇḍras were Kṣatriyas once. But the brahmins cursed them and changed them into Śūdras. (Chapter 85, Anuśāsana Parva).
3) Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—The conch of Bhīmasena. He blew his conch at the beginning of the Mahābhārata battle and also at the time when Duryodhana fell down dead. (Chapter 61, Śalya Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—The kingdom named after the people.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 163. 73.
1b) A son of Bali, after whom came the name of the kingdom.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 13-14.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र) is another name for Puṇḍra, a country pertaining to the Oḍramāgadhī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the verbal style (bhāratī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र) is the name of a Vidyādhara, whose daughter Ambaraprabhā is one of the five Vidyādhara maidens that vowed to take Naravāhanadatta for a husband together, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 110. Accordingly, as Mandaradevī said to her father Akampana and to emperor Naravāhanadatta: “... I have four companions here, of like age, noble maidens; [...] the fourth is the daughter of the King of Pauṇḍra, named Ambaraprabhā [...]”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pauṇḍra, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
India history and geogprahySource: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र) refers to a country, mentioned in the Bṛhatsaṃhitā as situated in the east. Also see Puṇḍra or Puṇḍradeśa: a country mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The Kāvyamīmāmsā also mentions it as a Janapada in the east. In the inscriptions of Bengal the name Puṇḍravardhana was changed into Pauṇḍravardhana in the early part of the 12th century, when it occurs first in the Manahali grant of Madanapāla and remained in use till the end of the Sena rule.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Name of a country.
2) A king or inhabitant of that country; पौण्ड्रश्च बलिनां वरः (pauṇḍraśca balināṃ varaḥ) Hariv.
3) A kind of sugar-cane.
4) A sectarial mark.
5) Name of the conchshell of Bhīma; पौण्ड्रं दध्मौ महाशङ्खं भीमकर्मा वृकोदरः (pauṇḍraṃ dadhmau mahāśaṅkhaṃ bhīmakarmā vṛkodaraḥ) Bg.1. 15.
Derivable forms: pauṇḍraḥ (पौण्ड्रः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र).—n. of a serpent (nāga) king: Megh 306.3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇḍraḥ) 1. A country, extending from Rangpur across the Ganges to the Jungle Mahals and part of south Behar, including therefore the greater part of Bengal. 2. The Native of that country. 3. A king of that country. 4. A sort of sugar-cane of a pale straw colour. 5. Name of the conch-shell of Bhima. E. puṇḍra the same, aff. aṇ; also with kan added pauṇḍraka .
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 24 books and stories containing Paundra, Pauṇḍra; (plurals include: Paundras, Pauṇḍras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata (English) (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section IV < [Udyoga Parva]
Section CLXXXIX < [Swayamvara Parva]
Section CLXXVII < [Chaitraratha Parva]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 4 - Country of Pun-na-fa-t’an-na (Pundravardhana) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Chapter 1 - Observing the Armies < [Chapter 1 - The Bhagavad-gita]