Pundravardhana, Puṇḍravardhana, Pundra-vardhana: 11 definitions


Pundravardhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pundravardhana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन):—Sanskrit name for one of the twenty-four sacred sites of the Sūryamaṇḍala, the first maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra, according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The Khecarīcakra is the fifth and final cakra located just above the head. Each one of these holy sites (pītha) is presided over by a particular Khecarī (‘sky-goddess’). This Puṇḍravardhana-pītha is connected with the goddess Cāmuṇḍā.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22). Prayāga is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Cāmuṇḍā accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Kumbhaka. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the khaṭvāṅga. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pundravardhana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन).—Sacred to Pāṭalā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 35.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pundravardhana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन) is the name of a sacred place classified as a Saṃdoha, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The eight seats are the main group of eight groups [i.e., Puṇḍravardhana] of eight types of sacred sites. The figure sixty-four is a common ideal number as it is often configured into eight groups of eight.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Pundravardhana in India history glossary
Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन) or Puḍa-nagala (Puṇḍranagara).—Mahasthan Fragmentary Stone plaque inscription of the third or fourth century B.C. makes the earliest epigraphic reference to Puḍanagala, i.e., the city of Puṇḍranagara or Puṇḍravardhana. The inscription refers to the distribution of paddy from the royal granary, under the supervision of the Māhamātra of Puṇḍranagara as a remedial measure to alleviate the distress of a famine. The distinct mention of Puṇḍranagara in this inscription confirms its identification with Mahasthan-garh, seven miles north of Bogra, in the Bogra district.

Puṇḍravardhana is mentioned as one of the seats of the Jain Pontiffs in Paharpur grant of 478 A.D. Kalaikuri copper-plate inscrjption of 438-9 A.D. refers to some inhabitant of this city while in Sultanpur copper-plate inscription of 438-9 A.D., the city itself has been mentioned. The city of Puṇḍravardhana was the headquarters of the country known as Puṇḍvardhana-bkukti, which finds mention in five copper-plate inscriptions of Sth-6th century A.D., discovered at Damodarpur.

One of the Sanchi Stūpa inscriptions records the name of the city as Puñavaḍhana.

A burnt clay figure of a female deity belonging to the Śuṅga period and found at Mahasthangarh helps us to confirm the fact that Mahasthand represents one of the earliest city-sites of Bengal. It has been suggested that the Maroundae of Ptolemy were the Puṇḍras, who had their headquarters at the city of Puṇḍravardhana. For other details see Puṇḍravardhana-bhukti. Chapter II (p. 24).

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन) or Puṇḍravardhanabhukti is a place name ending in bhukti mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The Puṇḍravardhana-bhukti comprised of the districts of Dinajpur, Bogra and Rajshahi, and Magadhabhukti included the districts of Gayā and Pāṭaliputra.

Puṇḍravardhana-bhukti is mentioned in the Gupta epigraphs ranging from the years 124 to 224 of the Gupta era, i.e. from A.D. 443 to 543. It formed an integral part of Gupta empire during this period. General Cunningham identifies Puṇḍravardhana with the extensive ruins known as ‘Mahāsthāngarh’, 8 miles north of the town of Bogra. The river Karatoyā was the dividing line between Puṇḍravardhana-bhukti and Kāmarūpa. In short Puṇḍravardhana signified North Bengal. Also see Puṇḍradeśa.

Puṇḍravardhana, as the name suggests, was a settlement of the Puṇḍras. The first reference to the Puṇḍras is found inthe Aitareya-brāhmaṇa. The earliest literary reference to Puṇḍravardhana is to be traced in the Buddhist work, the Divyāvadāna, where it is mentioned as the eastern-most city of India. The Rājataraṅgiṇī mentions Puṇḍravardhana as the capital of Gauḍa which is also proved by a reference in Puruṣottama’s lexicon (11th century A.D.)

Source: Shodhganga: Studies in the historical and cultural geography and ethnography of Uttar Pradesh

Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन) or Puṇḍravardhanabgukti is the name of an ancient city active during the rule of the Gupta empire. Puṇḍravardhana-bhukti was one of the most important division of the Gupta empire. It is mentioned in nine inscriptiuons. Puṇḍravardhana has been identified with modern Mahāsthan.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Paundras or Paundrakas are mentioned several times in the Great Epic. They are once linked with the Vaṅgas and Kiratas while on another occasion are mentioned in connection with the Udras, Utkalas, Mekalas, Kaliṅgas, and Andhras. Pargiter therefore thinks that the Pauṇḍras once occupied the countries that are at present represented by the modern districts of Santal Parganas, Birbhum and northern portion of Hazaribagh. Puṇḍravardhana, according to the Divyāvadāna, was the eastern boundary of the Majjhimadesa and is identical with the Pun-na-fa-tan-na of Yuan Chwang.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pundravardhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन):—[=puṇḍra-vardhana] [from puṇḍra] n. Name of a town in Gauḍa, [Pañcatantra] ([wrong reading] puṇḍa-v).

[Sanskrit to German]

Pundravardhana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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