Sugandhi, Sugandhī, Su-gandhi, Sugamdhi: 25 definitions


Sugandhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sugandhi in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Padma-purana

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) refers to “(various) fragrant (objects)” used in the worship of Gaṇeśa, according to the Padmapurāṇa 1.65 (“The Slaying of Kālakeya”).—Accordingly, as Vyāsa said:—“[...] The king is not angry with him; plague does not occur in his house; he does not feel the dearth (of anything); he does not suffer from weakness after (i.e. due to his) having worshipped Gaṇeśa. ‘(My) salutation to the chief of the Gaṇas, who removes all difficulties, who was worshipped even by gods for accomplishing their desired objects’. The sacred formula is: ‘Om, salutation to Gaṇapati’. He, who would worship the protector of the Gaṇas, with flowers dear to Viṣṇu, and other fragrant flowers, with modakas, fruits, roots and other seasonal things, with curds and milk, pleasing musical instruments, and with incense and (other) fragrant (objects) [i.e., sugandhidhūpasugaṃdhibhiḥ] obtains success in all undertakings. [...]”.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) refers to “fragrant and delightful”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] When that excellent season set in, the gentle Malaya breeze fragrant and delightful [viz., sugandhi] due to sweet smelling flowers blew all round”.

2) Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) refers to the “fragrance” (i.e., of a flower), as mentioned in the Mahāmṛtyuñjaya-mantra, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.38.—Accordingly, as Śukra related the Mahāmṛtyuñjaya to Dadhīca:—“We worship the three-eyed lord Śiva, the lord of the three worlds, the father of the three spheres, the lord of the three guṇas. Lord Śiva is the essence, the fragrance of the three tattvas, three fires, of every thing that is trichotomised, of the three worlds, of the three arms and of the trinity. He is the nourisher. In all living beings, everywhere, in the three guṇas, in the creation, in the sense-organs, in the Devas and Gaṇas, he is the essence as the fragrance (sugandhi) in a flower (puṣpa). He is the lord of Devas. [...]”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sugandhī (सुगन्धी).—One of the thirteen wives of Vasudeva. A son named Puṇḍra was born to Vasudeva by his wife Sugandhī. (Vāyu Purāṇa, 96, 161).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि).—One of the 13 wives of Vasudeva; mother of Puṇḍra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 161, 183.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि):—Stool with fragrant smell

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) (lit. “one who is sweat smelling or fragrant”) is a synonym (another name) for the Lion (Siṃha), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) is another name for Dhānyaka, a medicinal plant identified with Coriandrum sativum Linn. or “coriander” from the Apiaceae or “umbelliferae” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.35-37 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Together with the names Sugandhi and Ārdraka, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) refers to the “sweet fragrance (of liquor)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] O goddess! You enter the heart of a man whose mind is composed. Sweet ballads of your renown, O Gaurī, the Vidyādharas sing in the groves of Haricandana trees that emit the sweet fragrance of liquor (hālā-sugandhi) on the banks of the heavenly river”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) refers to “fragrant (ghee)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.9-15ab]—“[...] Even for someone gone to Yama’s abode [i.e., someone who has died], great peace arises quickly. Mṛtyujit is sure to destroy death when pleased with an oblation of fragrant ghee (sugandhi-ghṛta-homa) put into a fire fueled by milk-tree wood”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sugandhi in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) refers to “lovely smells”, according to Hemacandra’s Yogaśāstra (12.22-25): “Always sitting comfortably in an isolated, very clean and beautiful place, [the Yogin] whose whole body has become relaxed from the top of his crown to the tips of his feet, [so that] even [if he is] looking at a beautiful form [or] even hearing a voice, melodious and pleasing to the mind, even smelling lovely smells (sugandhi), even eating agreeable tastes, even touching soft things [or] even not restraining the activity of his mind, his detachment is upheld and his confusion over sense objects is destroyed forever more. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) refers to “fragrant (odour)”, according to the 2nd-century Meghasūtra (“Cloud Sutra”) in those passages which contain ritual instructions.—Accordingly, “He who desires a mighty rain must perform this rite ‘the great-cloud-circle’ in an open space, overspread by a blue canopy, shaded by a blue banner, on a clear spot of earth; [being] a prophet of the Law, seated on a blue seat, fasting according to the aṣṭāṅga, with well-washed limbs, clad in pure raiment, anointed with fragrant odour (sugandhi-gandha-udvartita), wearing the three white stripes, he must recite it for a day and night continuously facing the east; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Sugandhi [സുഗന്ദി] in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Hedychium coronarium Hedychium coronarium J.König from the Zingiberaceae (Ginger) family. For the possible medicinal usage of sugandhi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sugandhi in India is the name of a plant defined with Coriandrum sativum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Coriandrum testiculatum L. (among others).

2) Sugandhi is also identified with Elettaria cardamomum It has the synonym Amomum racemosum Ruiz & Pav. (etc.).

3) Sugandhi is also identified with Hemidesmus indicus It has the synonym Periploca indica L. (etc.).

4) Sugandhi is also identified with Ocimum gratissimum It has the synonym Geniosporum discolor Baker (etc.).

5) Sugandhi is also identified with Zanthoxylum armatum It has the synonym Zanthoxylum alatum var. subtrifoliolatum Franch. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2054)
· Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschapen (1830)
· Plantae Wilsonianae (1914)
· Flora Peruviana, et Chilensis (1798)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2006)
· Botanico-Medica

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sugandhi, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sugandhi in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sugandhī : (adj.) fragrant.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sugandhi (सुगंधि).—m (S) A fragrance or sweet odor: also attrib. of sweet odor, fragrant.

--- OR ---

sugandhī (सुगंधी).—m (sugandha) A vender of perfumes, a perfumer.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sugandhi (सुगंधि).—m A fragrance. a Fragrant.

--- OR ---

sugandhī (सुगंधी).—m A vender of perfumes, a perfumer.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि).—a.

1) sweet-smelling, fragrant, redolent with perfumes.

2) virtuous, pious. (-ndhiḥ) 1 perfume, fragrance.

2) the Supreme Being.

3) a kind of sweet-smelling mango.

-ndhi n.)

Sugandhi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and gandhi (गन्धि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि).—name of a youth of Kapilavastu who became an arhat: Avadāna-śataka i.350.12 ff. (perhaps compare Pali Sugandha 3 in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि).—mfn. (-ndhiḥ-ndhiḥ-ndhi) 1. Fragrant, sweet-smelling. 2. Virtuous, pious. m.

(-ndhiḥ) 1. A fragrance. 2. A fragrant sort of mango. 3. The supreme being. n. (-ndhi) 1. A drug and perfume, commonly Elabaluka. 2. The root of long-pepper. 3. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) 4. Another sort, (Scirpus kyssoor.) 5. Coriander seed. E. su good, well, gandha smell, and i substituted for the final.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि).—[adjective] = [preceding]

--- OR ---

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि).—[adjective] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sugandhī (सुगन्धी):—[=su-gandhī] [from su-gandha > su > su-ga] f. the small Banana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a female servant of Vasu-deva, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) Sugandhi (सुगन्धि):—[=su-gandhi] [from su > su-ga] mfn. (or -gandhi) sweet-smelling, fragrant, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] virtuous, pious, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a perfume, fragrance, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] the supreme Being (= paramātman), [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] a lion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a sort of Mango, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a sort of Cyperus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Ocimum Pilosum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] the root of Scirpus Kysoor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] n. sandal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of various perfumes or fragrant plants ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] = elavāluka; = kaśeru; = gandha-tṛṇa etc.), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि):—[su-gandhi] (ndhiḥ-ndhiḥ-ndhi) a. Fragrant; pious. m. A perfume, fragrance; sort of mango. f. Name of several fragrant plants. n. A drug and perfume; root of long-pepper; fragrant grass.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sugandhi (सुगन्धि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Suaṃdhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sugandhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sugaṃdhi (ಸುಗಂಧಿ):—

1) [adjective] having a pleasing smell or odour.

2) [adjective] devout; pious; godly.

--- OR ---

Sugaṃdhi (ಸುಗಂಧಿ):—

1) [noun] a pleasing smell or odour; a sweet scent.

2) [noun] a variety in cardamom plant and its capsule of seeds or a seed; black cardamom.

3) [noun] the fragrant grass Cyperus rotundus ( = C. hexastachyus) of Cyperaceae family; nut grass; sedge.

4) [noun] another fragrant grass Scirpus kysoor of Cyperaceae family.

5) [noun] the vine Hemidesmus indicus of Asclepiadaceae family; Indian sarsaparilla.

6) [noun] the plantain plant Musa sapientum var. dacca, of Musacveae family.

7) [noun] its fruit.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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