Paundraka, Pauṇḍraka: 12 definitions



Paundraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक).—An enemy of Lord Kṛṣṇa who attempted to imitate Him.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Paundraka in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक).—A son of Nikumbha. When during the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle Nikumbha died, his son Pauṇḍraka took up the fight against Rāma and was killed. (Ānanda Rāmāyaṇa).

2) Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक).—(Pauṇḍrakavāsudeva). A king of ancient Kārūṣa. Once he sent a messenger to Dvārakā and told Kṛṣṇa thus: "Oh Kṛṣṇa, I am the real Vāsudeva. Therefore put down all your royal emblems and robes and come and worship at my feet." As soon as Kṛṣṇa heard it he got angry and moved to Kārūṣa with a large army and killed Pauṇḍrakavāsudeva. 10th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

3) Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक).—The name of the buffalo which is the vehicle of Yama (Chapter 9, Vāmana Purāna).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक).—(also Pauṇḍra): King of Kāśi; son of Vasudeva, and Sutanu, daughter of Kāśirāja. When he became king, he asserted that he was the real Vāsudeva, and married Devakī the youngest sister of Kaṃsa. Besieged Dvārakā during Kṛṣṇa's absence at night, and being put to defeat by Balarāma and Sātyaki, went back to his capital. Sent a messenger to Kṛṣṇa saying that he was the real Vāsudeva and that Kṛṣṇa was either to give up the title or offer battle. Kṛṣṇa invaded Kāśi and killed him and his allies;1 was stationed by Jarāsandha during the siege of Mathurā on its southern gate, and also during the siege of Gomanta on the southern gate. Arrived at Kuṇḍina.2 Father of Sudakṣiṇā.3 Attained mokṣa by hatred of Hari.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 66. [1-12], 1-23. 27. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 26. 7; 34, 4-28.
  • 2) Ib. X. 50. 11 [4] and [9]; 53. 17.
  • 3) Ib. X. 78. 5.
  • 4) Ib. II. 7. 34; X. 37. 19; XI. 5. 48; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 122.

1b) A son of third Sāvarna Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 81. Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 84.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pauṇḍraka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paundraka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक).—

1) A kind of sugar-cane.

2) A mixed caste (of sugar-boilers); cf. Ms.1.44.

Derivable forms: pauṇḍrakaḥ (पौण्ड्रकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The pale straw-coloured species of sugar-cane. 2. A man of a mixed caste, from the Vaisya and female of the distiller caste, whose business it is to boil sugar. E. kan added to pauṇḍra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक).—[pauṇḍra + ka], m. pl. 1. The name of a people, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 44. 2. Their king. 3. A sort of sugar-cane, [Suśruta] 1, 186, 14 (cf. puṇḍra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक).—[masculine] [plural] a cert. mixed caste or = [preceding] [plural]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक):—[from pauṇḍra] m. the pale straw-coloured species of sugar-cane, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] a prince or ([plural]) the people of the Pauṇḍras, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] mixed caste of hereditary sugar-boilers (the son of a Vaiśya by a woman of the distiller class, regarded as one of the degraded races of Kṣatriyas), [Manu-smṛti x, 44]

4) [v.s. ...] n. (as mfn. ifc.) a sectarian mark, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. The white sugarcane; man of mixed caste.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक):—(von pauṇḍra)

1) m. eine Art Zuckerrohr [Rājavallabha im Śabdakalpadruma] [Suśruta 1, 186, 14. 19. 2, 154, 19.] —

2) m. pl. das Volk der Pauṇḍra [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 44.] [Journ. of the As. S. of Beng. VII, 50.] sg. der Fürst der Pauṇḍra [Mahābhārata 1, 6992. 2, 584.] [Harivaṃśa 15053.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 597. fgg.] —

3) Bez. einer Mischlingskaste, der Sohn eines Vaiśya mit einer Frau aus der Branntweinbrennerkaste, [BRAHMAVAIV. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher] in [Oxforder Handschriften 22,a,8.] —

4) am Ende eines adj. comp. = pauṇḍra [?4. Scholiast zu Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 20, 1, 33.]

--- OR ---

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक):—

2) am Ende hinzuzufügen [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 34.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pauṇḍraka (पौण्ड्रक):——

1) m. — a) eine Art Zuckerrohr [Bhāvaprakāśa 2,63.] — b) Pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes , = pauṇḍra — c) ein Fürst der Pauṇdra. — d) eine best. Mischlingskaste. — e) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa ,4,122.] puṇḍra v.l. —

2) n. am Ende eines adj. Comp. Mal , Sectenzeichen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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