Tripundra, aka: Tripuṇḍra, Tri-pundra; 7 Definition(s)
Tripundra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Tripuṇḍra (त्रिपुण्ड्र) or Tripuṇḍraka refers to the “three parallel lines of ash marks over the forehead”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.18. Accordingly, “[...] the Tripuṇḍraka (the three parallel lines of ash marks over the forehead) is the essence of Trinity: Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Rudra. Similarly Maheśvara has retained the esence of everything in the form of Tilaka (the small circular mark) on the forehead. [...] Ashes (bhasma) must first be smeared in the dust form and then in the Tripuṇḍraka form. At the time of worship water is added to the ashes. For mere sanctification the ashes are used without water”.
Tripuṇḍra is preferably made of ashes from dry cow-dung or from ashes resulting from Agnihotra, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.24, while explaining the importance of holy ashes (bhasma):—“[...] in the different parts of the body as the forehead etc. three lines constitute the Tripuṇḍra. The Tripuṇḍra on the forehead extends from the middle of the eyebrows to the tips of the brows on either side. With the middle and the ring fingers a line drawn in the opposite direction is called Tripuṇḍra. With the three middle fingers, take the ashes and apply the Tripuṇḍra on the forehead. It would give worldly pleasures and salvation”.
For each of the three lines there are nine deities everywhere in the body. I shall mention them. Listen attentively.
The nine deities of the first line are:—The syllable “A”, Gārhapatya fire (sacrificial fire), Earth, Dharma, the attribute Rajas, Ṛgveda, Kriyāśakti (the power to do), Prātaḥsavana (morning rituals) and Mahādeva. [...]
The nine deities of the second line are:—The syllable “U”, Dakṣiṇā fire (sacrificial fire), the principle of Ether, Attribute Sattva, Yajurveda, Mādhyandina Savana midday rituals), Icchāśakti (the will-power), the Antarātman (the immanent soul) and Maheśvara. [...]
The nine deities of the third line are:—The syllable “M”, Āhavanīya (sacrificial) fire, the supreme soul, the attribute Tamas, heaven, Jñāna Śakti, Sāmaveda, the third Savana (evening rituals) and Śiva. [...]
Thus making obeisance to the deities of the different parts with devotion, one shall apply the Tripuṇḍra. One will become pure and derive worldly pleasures and salvation.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Tripuṇḍra (त्रिपुण्ड्र).—A mark on the forehead.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 38. 22.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Tripuṇḍra (त्रिपुण्ड्र, “three stripes of ash”):—Śaivas in Nīlakaṇṭha’s day, as they do at present, commonly applied to their foreheads three stripes of ash known as the tripuṇḍra. It is also stated in the Merutantra: “The tripuṇḍra with fragrant sandal paste for devotees of Siva accompanied by the goddess.”Source: Academia.edu: A New Public Theology
Languages of India and abroad
tripuṇḍra (त्रिपुंड्र).—m n S Three horizontal lines drawn on the forehead with ashes by the smārtta sect (worshipers of śiva): also three vertical lines drawn with gōpī- candana or chalk by the vaiṣṇava sect (worshipers of viṣṇu): also attrib. bearing upon the forehead these distinctive or sectarial lines.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tripuṇḍra (त्रिपुंड्र).—m n Three horizontal lines drawn on the forehead with ashes by the smārta sect; also three vertical lines drawn with gōpīcandana or chalk by the vaiṣṇava sect. a Bearing upon the forehead these distinctive or sectarial lines.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Tripuṇḍra (त्रिपुण्ड्र).—a mark on the forehead consisting of three lines made with cowdung ashes.
Derivable forms: tripuṇḍram (त्रिपुण्ड्रम्).
Tripuṇḍra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र). See also (synonyms): tripuṇḍraka.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ṇḍraṃ) Three curved horizontal marks, made across the forehead with cowdung, &c.; they are worn especially by the followers of Siva, or Sakti, and are indispensable in proceeding to worship the former. E. tri three, triple, and puṇḍra a line; also with kan added tripuṇḍraka .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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