Punarvasu, Punarvasū, Punar-vasu: 22 definitions


Punarvasu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Punarvasu in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Punarvasunakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Punarvasu means “the two restorers of goods” and is associated with the deity known as Aditi (Goddess of space). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Guru (Jupiter). Also known as the Yamakau-nakṣatra.

Indian zodiac: |20° Mithuna| – |3°20' Karka|
Mithuna (मिथुन, ‘twins’) corresponds with Gemini and Karka (कर्क, “crab”) corresponds with Cancer.

Western zodiac: |16°| – |29°20' Cancer|
Cancer corresponds with Karka (कर्क, “crab”).

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Punarvasu in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—(or Punarvasu-ātreya) An ancient preceptor of Āyurveda. He was the Guru of Agnideva author of the book 'Agniveśatantra' which is the basis of Carakasaṃhitā and also of his classmates like Bhela.

Punarvasu was the son of the sage Atri who was one of the spiritual sons of Brahmā. In support of this statement it can be found in many places in Caraku saṃhitā his name referred to as 'Atrisuta' or Atrinandana'.

Atri maharṣi was also a learned preceptor of Āyurveda According to Kaśyapasaṃhitā Devendra taught Āyur veda to Kaśyapa, Vaṣiṣṭha, Atri and Bhṛgu. The incomplete work 'Āyurvedacikitsātantra' by Atri was completed by Punarvasu according to Aśvaghoṣa. Punurvasu’s mother’s name was Candrabhāgā. Getting knowledge in Āyurveda from his father and also from Bharadvāja, Punarvasu became an authority on Āyurveda. His important work is 'Ātreyasaṃhitā'. There are about thirty prescriptions in his name. The prescriptions regarding 'Balātaila' and 'Amṛtāditaila' are found in Carakasaṃhitā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—A Nakṣatra: Importance of Śrāddha on.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 48; 82. 4. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 18. 4.

1b) A son of Daridyota.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 20-1.

1c) The son of Abhijit; performed Aśvamedha for the birth of a son; born in the middle of the yajña, atirātra portion; he had twins Āhuka and Āhukī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 119, Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 118. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 14-5.

1d) A son of Nala.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 64-6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Punarvāsū (पुनर्वासू) refers to the seventh of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. It is als known by the name Yāmakau. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (e.g., punarvāsū) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Punarvasu in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Punarvasū (पुनर्वसू, ‘the two that give wealth again’) denotes the two stars, α and β Geminorum, on the heads of Castor and Pollux. The name is no doubt connected with the beneficent character of the Aśvins, who correspond to the Dioscuri.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Punarvasu in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Punarvasu is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Tsing, Tibetan Nabs-so and modern Geminorum.

Punarvasu is classified in the fourth group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the nine following constellations (e.g., Punarvasu), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse and this trembling extends as far as Devendra. Then peace (yogakṣema) is plentiful, rain favors the growth of the five grains, the emperor is kind (śiva), the great ministers are virtuous and everyone is peaceful”.

2) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु), son of Punarva, is the name of a young Yakṣa according to the Tsa a han mentioned in appendix 10 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “Once the Buddha was travelling among the people of the Magadha kingdom with his great assembly. He came to the place where the mother of the young Yakṣa Punarva was dwelling and spent the night there. Then the Bhagavat preached a sermon about the noble truths to his Bhikṣus: the noble truths of suffering (duḥkha), the origin of suffering, the cessation of suffering and the path leading to the cessation of suffering. At that time, the two young children of the Yakṣinī, her son Punarvasu and her daughter Uttarā, began to cry during the night”.

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु) is the name of a Nakṣatra mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Punarvasu] with a group of kingdoms for the sake of protection and prosperity.

The Punarvasunakṣatra comprises the following realms:

  1. P'o-ts'o (Vatsa),
  2. Yeou-tch'an-ni (Ujjayinī),
  3. Yeou-leou-p'in-louo (Uruvilva),
  4. Chou-ni-pan-to (Śonipanta?),
  5. Mo-tch'a-p'o (Maṭhava?),
  6. P'i-che-na-t'i-po (Viśinadipa?),
  7. Tch'ö-lo-kie-po (Carakalpa?),
  8. P'o-lo-tchö-kia-lo (Varacakra?),
  9. Lo-mo-kia-mo (Rāmagrāma),
  10. Kia-che-fou (Kaśipu?),
  11. Kieou-leou-cha (Kuruṣa?),
  12. T'o-sieou (Dasyu),
  13. Lou-hi-to (Rohita),
  14. A-p'o-t'o-tch'a (Avadaṭa?),
  15. Ti-na-p'an-na (Tinavaṃna?),
  16. Tch'ö-ta-na (Cetana?),
  17. P'i-kia-chö (Vigaja?),
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Punarvasu).

2) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु) [both Punarvasus] also refers to two of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु) refers to the seventh of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Punarvasu] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Punarvasu is given the colour yellow].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Punarvasu in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु) is the name of an ancient king from Riṣṭapura, according to chapter 3.8 [śītalanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] The Lord (i.e., Śītalanātha) and one thousand kings, observing a two days’ fast, made a promise of abstention from censurable activities, in the presence of Gods, Asuras, and Kings, in the afternoon of the twelfth day of the black half of Māgha, the moon being in Pūrvāṣāḍhā. [...] The next day Lord Śītala broke his fast with rice-pudding in the house of King Punarvasu in Riṣṭapura. Then the five things, the stream of treasure, etc., were made by the gods, and furthermore King Punarvasu made a golden platform there”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Punarvasu in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—m f pl (S) The seventh lunar asterism.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—m f pl The seventh lunar asterism.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Punarvasu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—(usually dual)

1) the seventh lunar mansion (consisting of two or four stars); गां गताविव दिवः पुनर्वसू (gāṃ gatāviva divaḥ punarvasū) R.11.36.

2) an epithet of Viṣṇu.

3) of Śiva.

Derivable forms: punarvasuḥ (पुनर्वसुः).

Punarvasu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and vasu (वसु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—(= Pali Punabbasu), name of one of the ṣaḍvārgika monks: Mahāvyutpatti 9473; also called Punarvasuka, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.xviii.5 (later incarnate as a nāga); iii.15.21 ff. (see Aśvaka 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—m.

(-suḥ) The seventh of the lunar asterisms, containing according to some authorities two, and to others, four stars; (in this sense it is properly confined to the dual number punarvasu, though in the Vedas it it used in the singular.) 2. A name of Vishnu. 3. The name of a saint, and grammarian; also Katyayana. 4. A name of Siva. 5. Commencement of wealth. 6. A Loka or division of the universe. E. panar again, vas to dwell, aff. u.

--- OR ---

Punarvasū (पुनर्वसू).—m. du.

(-sūḥ) An asterism; see the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—m. 1. the seventh of the lunar asterisms, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 11, 36. 2. a name of Viṣṇu and Śiva, Mahābhārata 12, 1511.

Punarvasu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and vasu (वसु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—[adjective] restoring goods; [masculine] (sgl. & [dual]) [Name] of a lunar mansion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु):—[=punar-vasu] [from punar] m. (punar-) ‘restoring goods’, Name of the 5th or 7th lunar mansion, [Ṛg-veda,] etc. etc. (mostly [dual number] cf. [Pāṇini 1-2, 61]; -tva n., [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of Kātyāyana or Vararuci, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Taittiri (son of Abhijit and father of Āhuka), [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Abhijit (Ari-dyota) and father of Āhuka, [Purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of other men, [Pāṇini 1-2, 61 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

8) [v.s. ...] of a [particular] world, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] commencement of wealth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु):—[punar-vasu] (suḥ) 2. m. Vishnu; Shiva; a sage; 7th lunar asterism.

2) Punarvasū (पुनर्वसू):—[punar-vasū] (sūḥ) 3. m. du. An asterism.

[Sanskrit to German]

Punarvasu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Punarvasu in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Punarvasu (ಪುನರ್ವಸು):—[noun] the twin (often, either of the) stars Castor and Pollux in the constellation Gemini.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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