Punarvasu, aka: Punarvasū, Punar-vasu; 9 Definition(s)
Punarvasu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Punarvasunakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Punarvasu means “the two restorers of goods” and is associated with the deity known as Aditi (Goddess of space). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Guru (Jupiter). Also known as the Yamakau-nakṣatra.
Indian zodiac: |20° Mithuna| – |3°20' Karka|
Mithuna (मिथुन, ‘twins’) corresponds with Gemini and Karka (कर्क, “crab”) corresponds with Cancer.
Western zodiac: |16°| – |29°20' Cancer|
Cancer corresponds with Karka (कर्क, “crab”).
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—(or Punarvasu-ātreya) An ancient preceptor of Āyurveda. He was the Guru of Agnideva author of the book 'Agniveśatantra' which is the basis of Carakasaṃhitā and also of his classmates like Bhela.
Punarvasu was the son of the sage Atri who was one of the spiritual sons of Brahmā. In support of this statement it can be found in many places in Caraku saṃhitā his name referred to as 'Atrisuta' or Atrinandana'.
Atri maharṣi was also a learned preceptor of Āyurveda According to Kaśyapasaṃhitā Devendra taught Āyur veda to Kaśyapa, Vaṣiṣṭha, Atri and Bhṛgu. The incomplete work 'Āyurvedacikitsātantra' by Atri was completed by Punarvasu according to Aśvaghoṣa. Punurvasu’s mother’s name was Candrabhāgā. Getting knowledge in Āyurveda from his father and also from Bharadvāja, Punarvasu became an authority on Āyurveda. His important work is 'Ātreyasaṃhitā'. There are about thirty prescriptions in his name. The prescriptions regarding 'Balātaila' and 'Amṛtāditaila' are found in Carakasaṃhitā.(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—A Nakṣatra: Importance of Śrāddha on.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 48; 82. 4. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 18. 4.
1b) A son of Daridyota.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 20-1.
1c) The son of Abhijit; performed Aśvamedha for the birth of a son; born in the middle of the yajña, atirātra portion; he had twins Āhuka and Āhukī.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 119, Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 118. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 14-5.
1d) A son of Nala.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 64-6.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Punarvāsū (पुनर्वासू) refers to the seventh of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. It is als known by the name Yāmakau. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (eg., punarvāsū) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Punarvasū (पुनर्वसू, ‘the two that give wealth again’) denotes the two stars, α and β Geminorum, on the heads of Castor and Pollux. The name is no doubt connected with the beneficent character of the Aśvins, who correspond to the Dioscuri.(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
1) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Punarvasu is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Tsing, Tibetan Nabs-so and modern Geminorum.
Punarvasu is classified in the fourth group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the nine following constellations (eg., Punarvasu), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse and this trembling extends as far as Devendra. Then peace (yogakṣema) is plentiful, rain favors the growth of the five grains, the emperor is kind (śiva), the great ministers are virtuous and everyone is peaceful”.
2) Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु), son of Punarva, is the name of a young Yakṣa according to the Tsa a han mentioned in appendix 10 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “Once the Buddha was travelling among the people of the Magadha kingdom with his great assembly. He came to the place where the mother of the young Yakṣa Punarva was dwelling and spent the night there. Then the Bhagavat preached a sermon about the noble truths to his Bhikṣus: the noble truths of suffering (duḥkha), the origin of suffering, the cessation of suffering and the path leading to the cessation of suffering. At that time, the two young children of the Yakṣinī, her son Punarvasu and her daughter Uttarā, began to cry during the night”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—m f pl (S) The seventh lunar asterism.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—m f pl The seventh lunar asterism.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Punarvasu (पुनर्वसु).—(usually dual)
1) the seventh lunar mansion (consisting of two or four stars); गां गताविव दिवः पुनर्वसू (gāṃ gatāviva divaḥ punarvasū) R.11.36.
2) an epithet of Viṣṇu.
3) of Śiva.
Derivable forms: punarvasuḥ (पुनर्वसुः).
Punarvasu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and vasu (वसु).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 22 books and stories containing Punarvasu, Punarvasū or Punar-vasu. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 10 - The story of the yakṣa Punarva (mother of the asura Punarvasu) < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Appendix 4 - Notes on the bhikṣus Ma (Aśvaka) and Tsing (Punarvasuka) < [Chapter XXVI - Exertion]
Act 5.3: Description of the six tremblings of the earth (bhūmicala) < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LIX - Discourses on Astrology < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXXXIII - Asokastami Vratas etc < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CXXXIX - Genealogy of the princes of the lunar race < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 7: Śītala’s initiation < [Chapter VIII - Śītalanāthacaritra]
Part 24: Sumatinātha’s mokṣa (emancipation) < [Chapter III - Sumatināthacaritra]
Part 2: Former births of Rāvaṇa, Sītā, Lakṣmaṇa, Sugrīva, Bhāmaṇḍala, Lavaṇa and Aṅkuśa < [Chapter X - Rāma’s mokṣa (emancipation)]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)