Punarnava, Punarnavā, Punarṇava, Punar-nava: 22 definitions


Punarnava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Punarnava in Ayurveda glossary

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: archive.org: Science And Technology In Medievel India (kalpa)

Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा) [or Varṣabhūkalpa?] refers to Kalpa (medicinal preparation) described in the Auṣadhikalpa, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Auṣadhikalpa is a medical work of the type of Materia Medica giving twenty-six medical preparations [e.g., Punarnavā] to be used as patent medicines against various diseases.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Boerhavia diffusa, Rt., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Punarnavā. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Punarnava (पुनर्नव) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Boerhaavia diffusa Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning punarnava] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Trianthema portulacastrum Linn. or “desert horsepurslane” from the Aizoaceae or “fig-marigold” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.115-116 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Punarnavā is known as Śvetapunarnavā or the “white-flowered variety”. Punarnavā is known as Varṣābhū, Vṛścīra or Viskhaprā (visakhaparā) in Hindi. Cf, Raktapunarnavā (of which Punarnava is a synonym) and Nīlapunarnavā.

Punarnavā is mentioned as having seven synonyms: Viśākha, Kaṭhilla, Śaśivāṭikā, Pṛthvī, Sitavarṣābhū, Dīrghapatra and Kaṭhillaka.

Properties and characteristics: “The white-flowered variety of Punarnavā is hot (uṣṇa), bitter (titka), anti-kapha and an antidote to poisons. It is indicated in cough, heart diseases, colics, blood diseases, anaemia, oedema and pains due to vāta-doṣa”.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Punarnāva (पुनर्नाव) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of rat-poison such as those caused by the Krūra-rats, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Accordingly, one of the treatments is mentioned as follows: “A paste of Punarnāva and Abhayā, made with buttermilk, is to be drunk and the same is to be applied as lepa. Fumigation must be carried out with Abhayā and jaggery. Lunch must be had with buttermilk”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Advances in Zoology and Botany: Ethnomedicinal List of Plants Treating Fever in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India

Punarnavā in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal herb “Boerhavia diffusa L.”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Dried, whole plant”.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Boerhaavia diffusa, Linn., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Punarnavā] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा) is a synonym of Śophaghnī, which refers to “Hogweed” or “Pigweed”: Boerhavia diffusa Linn., and is a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—(Cf. Indian Medicinal Plants 1:253, Arya Vaidya Sala, 1993-96.).—Note: “Two kinds of Punarnavā have been mentioned and used. They are called as śveta (white) and rakta (red). As regards the rakta variety, any of the red-flowered species of Boerhaavia i.e., Boerhaavia diffusa Linn., Boerhaavia repens Linn., and Boerhaavia repanda Willd. may be used and in practice the first these is being used. But there is difference of opinion with regard to the śveta (white) variety. White flowered species i.e., Boerhaavia verticillata or any of the Trianthema species, i.e., Trianthema decandra Linn., Trianthema pentandra Linn. or Trianthema portulacastrum Linn. are generally believed to be śveta-punarnavā…”.—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 253-254, Singh and Chunekar, 1999)

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा) refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Punarnavā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Punarnava in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Punarnava in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Commicarpus chinensis (L.) Heim. in Engler u. Prantl from the Nyctaginaceae (Bougainvillea) family having the following synonyms: Boerhavia chinensis, Boerhavia repanda, Valeriana chinensis. For the possible medicinal usage of punarnava, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Punarnava in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Boerhavia diffusa L. from the Nyctaginaceae (Bougainvillea) family having the following synonyms: Boerhavia paniculata, Boerhavia acutifolia.

Punarnava [पुनर्नवा] in the Nepali language, ibid. previous identification.

Punarnava [पुनर्नवा] in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Punarnava [पुनर्नवा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Commicarpus helenae (J. A. Schult.) Meikle from the Nyctaginaceae (Bougainvillea) family having the following synonyms: Boerhavia helenae, Boerhavia scandens, Boerhavia stellata.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Punarnava in India is the name of a plant defined with Boerhavia diffusa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Boerhavia diffusa Vahl (among others).

2) Punarnava is also identified with Boerhavia erecta It has the synonym Boerhavia erecta Burm.f. (etc.).

3) Punarnava is also identified with Boerhavia repens It has the synonym Boerhavia diffusa var. minor (Delile) Cufod. (etc.).

4) Punarnava is also identified with Commicarpus chinensis It has the synonym Boerhavia repanda Willd. (etc.).

5) Punarnava is also identified with Commicarpus helenae It has the synonym Commicarpus helenae (Romer & Schultes) Meikle (etc.).

6) Punarnava is also identified with Trianthema portulacastrum It has the synonym Trianthema procumbens Mill. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Mantissa (Schultes) (1822)
· Fl. Cochinch. (1790)
· Fl. Veracruz (1979)
· Flora Indica, or ‘Descriptions of Indian Plants’ (1832)
· Mus. Senckenberg.
· Hooker's Icones Plantarum, or ‘figures, with brief descriptive characters and remarks of new or rare plants’ (3694)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Punarnava, for example side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Punarnava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

punarnavā (पुनर्नवा).—f S Hogweed, Boerhaavia alata diffusa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

punarnavā (पुनर्नवा).—f A plant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Punarnava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Punarṇava (पुनर्णव) or Punarnava (पुनर्नव).—'growing again and again', a finger-nail.

Derivable forms: punarṇavaḥ (पुनर्णवः), punarnavaḥ (पुनर्नवः).

Punarṇava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and ṇava (णव).

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Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा).—hog-weed, Boerhavia Procumbens (Mar. gheṭuḷī).

Punarnavā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and navā (नवा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarnava (पुनर्नव).—m.

(-vaḥ) A finger-nail. f.

(-vā) Hog weed. (Boerhavia diffusa alata.) E. punar again, and nava new.

Punarnava can also be spelled as Punarṇava (पुनर्णव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarnava (पुनर्नव).—m. a finger-nail.

— Cf. [Latin] novus; [Gothic.] nivjis; A. S. niwe, neow, niwa.

Punarnava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and nava (नव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarṇava (पुनर्णव).—[adjective] new again, renewed.

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Punarnava (पुनर्नव).—[adjective] = punarṇava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Punarṇava (पुनर्णव):—[=punar-ṇava] [from punar] (punar.) mf(ā)n. renewed, restored to life or youth, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā; Mānava-śrauta-sūtra] (also punarṇava; cf. -nava).

2) Punarnava (पुनर्नव):—[=punar-nava] [from punar] mf(ā)n. (punar-.) becoming new or young ag°, renewed, [Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa] etc. (also punar-nava; cf. punar-ṇ)

3) [v.s. ...] m. a finger-nail (cf. -bhava), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा):—[=punar-navā] [from punar-nava > punar] f. hog-weed, Boerhavia Procumbens, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarnava (पुनर्नव):—[punar-nava] (vaḥ) 1. m. A finger nail. f. () Hog-weed (Boerhavia).

[Sanskrit to German]

Punarnava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Punarnava in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Punarnava (ಪುನರ್ನವ):—[adjective] renewed or renewable; growing again (and again).

--- OR ---

Punarnava (ಪುನರ್ನವ):—

1) [noun] that which is renewed.

2) [noun] he who has, with a renewed vigour, started to live a rejuvenated, revived life.

3) [noun] the nail or nails of fingers or toes.

4) [noun] hair that grows on the body.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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