Punarnava, Punarnavā, Punarṇava, Punar-nava: 12 definitions

Introduction

Punarnava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (P) next»] — Punarnava in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Punarnavā (माधवी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed) from the Nyctaginaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The literal translation of the word Punarnavā is “becoming new or young again”. It is composed of Punar (punaḥ, “again”) and Navā (“new, fresh, young”). The plant is a perennial herb from a fusiform root. The leaves are often used as a green vegetable in many parts of India.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.117-119), Spreading hogweed (punarnavā) has the following synonyms: Raktapunarbhavā, Raktākhya, Raktakāṇḍā, Raktapattrikā, Raktapuṣpikā, Raktavarṣābhū, Varṣābhū, Varṣābhava, Varṣaketu, Prithvī, Vṛścika, Picchila, Kaṭhillaka, Krūra, Lohita, Maṇḍalapattrikā, Vaiśākhī, Viṣaghnī, Vikasvara, Prāvṛṣeṇya, Sāriṇī, Nava, Nāvya, Saṃmīlitadruma, Śoṇa, Śoṇapattra, Śothaghnī, Śothāri, Śothajit, Śophaghnī, Śophanāśanī and Saririn.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th century Ayurvedic work), this plant (Punarnavā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter.

Source: Advances in Zoology and Botany: Ethnomedicinal List of Plants Treating Fever in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India

Punarnavā in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal herb “Boerhavia diffusa L.”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Dried, whole plant”.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Boerhaavia diffusa, Linn., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Punarnavā] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Boerhavia diffusa, Rt., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Punarnavā. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Punarnava (पुनर्नव) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Boerhaavia diffusa Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning punarnava] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Punarnava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

punarnavā (पुनर्नवा).—f S Hogweed, Boerhaavia alata diffusa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

punarnavā (पुनर्नवा).—f A plant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Punarnava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Punarṇava (पुनर्णव) or Punarnava (पुनर्नव).—'growing again and again', a finger-nail.

Derivable forms: punarṇavaḥ (पुनर्णवः), punarnavaḥ (पुनर्नवः).

Punarṇava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and ṇava (णव).

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Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा).—hog-weed, Boerhavia Procumbens (Mar. gheṭuḷī).

Punarnavā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and navā (नवा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarnava (पुनर्नव).—m.

(-vaḥ) A finger-nail. f.

(-vā) Hog weed. (Boerhavia diffusa alata.) E. punar again, and nava new.

Punarnava can also be spelled as Punarṇava (पुनर्णव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarnava (पुनर्नव).—m. a finger-nail.

— Cf. [Latin] novus; [Gothic.] nivjis; A. S. niwe, neow, niwa.

Punarnava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and nava (नव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punarṇava (पुनर्णव).—[adjective] new again, renewed.

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Punarnava (पुनर्नव).—[adjective] = punarṇava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Punarṇava (पुनर्णव):—[=punar-ṇava] [from punar] (punar.) mf(ā)n. renewed, restored to life or youth, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā; Mānava-śrauta-sūtra] (also punarṇava; cf. -nava).

2) Punarnava (पुनर्नव):—[=punar-nava] [from punar] mf(ā)n. (punar-.) becoming new or young ag°, renewed, [Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa] etc. (also punar-nava; cf. punar-ṇ)

3) [v.s. ...] m. a finger-nail (cf. -bhava), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा):—[=punar-navā] [from punar-nava > punar] f. hog-weed, Boerhavia Procumbens, [Suśruta]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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