Punarnava, aka: Punarnavā, Punarṇava, Punar-nava; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Punarnava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Punarnava in Ayurveda glossaries]

Punarnavā (माधवी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed) from the Nyctaginaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The literal translation of the word Punarnavā is “becoming new or young again”. It is composed of Punar (punaḥ, “again”) and Navā (“new, fresh, young”). The plant is a perennial herb from a fusiform root. The leaves are often used as a green vegetable in many parts of India.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.117-119), Spreading hogweed (punarnavā) has the following synonyms: Raktapunarbhavā, Raktākhya, Raktakāṇḍā, Raktapattrikā, Raktapuṣpikā, Raktavarṣābhū, Varṣābhū, Varṣābhava, Varṣaketu, Prithvī, Vṛścika, Picchila, Kaṭhillaka, Krūra, Lohita, Maṇḍalapattrikā, Vaiśākhī, Viṣaghnī, Vikasvara, Prāvṛṣeṇya, Sāriṇī, Nava, Nāvya, Saṃmīlitadruma, Śoṇa, Śoṇapattra, Śothaghnī, Śothāri, Śothajit, Śophaghnī, Śophanāśanī and Saririn.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th-century Āyurvedic work), this plant (Punarnavā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Punarnava in Marathi glossaries]

punarnavā (पुनर्नवा).—f S Hogweed, Boerhaavia alata diffusa.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

punarnavā (पुनर्नवा).—f A plant.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Punarnava in Sanskrit glossaries]

Punarṇava (पुनर्णव) or Punarnava (पुनर्नव).—'growing again and again', a finger-nail.

Derivable forms: punarṇavaḥ (पुनर्णवः), punarnavaḥ (पुनर्नवः).

Punarṇava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and ṇava (णव).

--- OR ---

Punarnavā (पुनर्नवा).—hog-weed, Boerhavia Procumbens (Mar. gheṭuḷī).

Punarnavā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms punar and navā (नवा).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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