Abhijit: 12 definitions



Abhijit means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Abhijit (अभिजित्) refers to the twenty-second of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (eg., abhijit) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Abhijit (अभिजित्).—An auspicious hour between 1—2 p.m. midday time:1 best for gifts.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 18. 27; VII. 10. 67.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 2.

1b) The 28th nakṣatra on the right nostril of Śiśumāra;1 the nakṣatra of Kṛṣṇa.2 Identified with Hari.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 22. 11; 23. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 130; 82. 12; 96. 201.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 18. 5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 205.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 16. 27.

1c) A son of Andhaka, (Ānakadundhubhi, vāyu-purāṇa.), and father of Punarvasu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 119; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 14.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Abhijit (अभिजित्) is the brilliant star α Lyræ with its two companions ε and ζ. In the Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa Abhijit is said to be ‘over Aṣāḍhās, under Śroṇā’.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Abhijit (अभिजित्) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Abhijit is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Niu, Tibetan Byi-bzhin and modern Lyrae.

Abhijit is classified in the fourth group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the nine following constellations (eg., Abhijit), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse and this trembling extends as far as Devendra. Then peace (yogakṣema) is plentiful, rain favors the growth of the five grains, the emperor is kind (śiva), the great ministers are virtuous and everyone is peaceful”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Abhijit (अभिजित्) refers to the twenty-eighth of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Abhijit] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Abhijit is given the colour green].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhijit (अभिजित्).—f m S The space of time occupied by the last quarter of the 21st Nakshatra and the 15th part of the 22nd; amounting to 19 Danḍas, and reckoned as the 28th Nakshatra. 2 or abhi- jinmuhūrtta m The eighth Muhurtta of the day; the period comprising 24 minutes before and 24 after mid-day. 3 Hence, a fig. Contingent, adventitious, supervenient. Applied to the dropping in of an additional guest at a feast; to the arising of an additional call upon the purse; to an item or point gen. beyond those expected and provided for.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhijit (अभिजित्).—n Name of one of the nakṣatra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhijit (अभिजित्).—a. [abhi-ji-kvip]

1) Victorious, conquering completely. पराभिजिद्गन्धनगन्धवाहः (parābhijidgandhanagandhavāhaḥ) Rām.6.19.12.

2) Helping in conquering completely.

3) Born under the constellation अभिजित् (abhijit) P.IV.3.36, see अभिजित (abhijita). m.

1) Name of Viṣṇu.

2) Name of a sacrifice, part of the great sacrifice called गवामयन (gavāmayana); (yajeta) अभिजिद्विश्वजिद्भ्यां वा (abhijidviśvajidbhyāṃ vā) Ms. 11.75, also used for अतिरात्र (atirātra) q. v.

3) Name of a star; Name of one of the lunar mansions.

4) Name of a son (Hariv.) or the father (V. P.) of Punarvasu. n.

1) The 8th Muhūrta of the day, mid-day (fit for a Śrāddha ceremony).

2) Name of a लग्न (lagna) favourable to setting out.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijit (अभिजित्).—f. (-jit) 1. One of the Nakshatras or lunar asterisms. 2. The eighth muhurtta or hour. 3. An expiatory sacrifice. E. abhi, and jit what conquers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijit (अभिजित्).—[abhi-ji + t], I. m. The name of a sacrifice, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 74. Ii. n. The name of the eighth Indian hour (muhūrta, comprising 48 minutes) of the day, (i. e. 24 minutes before and 24 minutes after midday), [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 112, 70.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijit (अभिजित्).—[adjective] victorious, [masculine] a cert. sacrifice, [Name] of a lunar mansion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhijit (अभिजित्):—[=abhi-jit] [from abhi-ji] mfn. victorious, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xv, 7]

2) [v.s. ...] born under the constellation Abhijit, [Pāṇini 4-3, 36], (cf. ābhijita)

3) [v.s. ...] m. (t) Name of a Soma sacrifice (part of the great sacrifice Gavām-ayana), [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son ([Harivaṃśa]) or of the father ([Viṣṇu-purāṇa]) of Punarvasu

5) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a star (a Lyrae), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] of the 20th (or 22nd) Nakṣatra, [Atharva-veda] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] the eighth Muhūrta of the day (about midday), [Kauśika-sūtra etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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