Abhijit: 12 definitions
Abhijit means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Abhijit (अभिजित्) refers to the twenty-second of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (eg., abhijit) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 22. 11; 23. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 130; 82. 12; 96. 201.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 18. 5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 205.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 16. 27.
1c) A son of Andhaka, (Ānakadundhubhi, vāyu-purāṇa.), and father of Punarvasu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 119; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 14.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Abhijit (अभिजित्) is the brilliant star α Lyræ with its two companions ε and ζ. In the Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa Abhijit is said to be ‘over Aṣāḍhās, under Śroṇā’.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Abhijit (अभिजित्) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Abhijit is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Niu, Tibetan Byi-bzhin and modern Lyrae.
Abhijit is classified in the fourth group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the nine following constellations (eg., Abhijit), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse and this trembling extends as far as Devendra. Then peace (yogakṣema) is plentiful, rain favors the growth of the five grains, the emperor is kind (śiva), the great ministers are virtuous and everyone is peaceful”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Abhijit (अभिजित्) refers to the twenty-eighth of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Abhijit] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Abhijit is given the colour green].
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
abhijit (अभिजित्).—f m S The space of time occupied by the last quarter of the 21st Nakshatra and the 15th part of the 22nd; amounting to 19 Danḍas, and reckoned as the 28th Nakshatra. 2 or abhi- jinmuhūrtta m The eighth Muhurtta of the day; the period comprising 24 minutes before and 24 after mid-day. 3 Hence, a fig. Contingent, adventitious, supervenient. Applied to the dropping in of an additional guest at a feast; to the arising of an additional call upon the purse; to an item or point gen. beyond those expected and provided for.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
abhijit (अभिजित्).—n Name of one of the nakṣatra.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Abhijit (अभिजित्).—a. [abhi-ji-kvip]
1) Victorious, conquering completely. पराभिजिद्गन्धनगन्धवाहः (parābhijidgandhanagandhavāhaḥ) Rām.6.19.12.
2) Helping in conquering completely.
3) Born under the constellation अभिजित् (abhijit) P.IV.3.36, see अभिजित (abhijita). m.
1) Name of Viṣṇu.
2) Name of a sacrifice, part of the great sacrifice called गवामयन (gavāmayana); (yajeta) अभिजिद्विश्वजिद्भ्यां वा (abhijidviśvajidbhyāṃ vā) Ms. 11.75, also used for अतिरात्र (atirātra) q. v.
3) Name of a star; Name of one of the lunar mansions.
4) Name of a son (Hariv.) or the father (V. P.) of Punarvasu. n.
1) The 8th Muhūrta of the day, mid-day (fit for a Śrāddha ceremony).
2) Name of a लग्न (lagna) favourable to setting out.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Abhijit (अभिजित्).—f. (-jit) 1. One of the Nakshatras or lunar asterisms. 2. The eighth muhurtta or hour. 3. An expiatory sacrifice. E. abhi, and jit what conquers.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Abhijit (अभिजित्).—[abhi-ji + t], I. m. The name of a sacrifice, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 74. Ii. n. The name of the eighth Indian hour (muhūrta, comprising 48 minutes) of the day, (i. e. 24 minutes before and 24 minutes after midday), [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 112, 70.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Abhijit (अभिजित्).—[adjective] victorious, [masculine] a cert. sacrifice, [Name] of a lunar mansion.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Abhijit (अभिजित्):—[=abhi-jit] [from abhi-ji] mfn. victorious, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xv, 7]
2) [v.s. ...] born under the constellation Abhijit, [Pāṇini 4-3, 36], (cf. ābhijita)
3) [v.s. ...] m. (t) Name of a Soma sacrifice (part of the great sacrifice Gavām-ayana), [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son ([Harivaṃśa]) or of the father ([Viṣṇu-purāṇa]) of Punarvasu
5) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of a star (a Lyrae), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] of the 20th (or 22nd) Nakṣatra, [Atharva-veda] etc.
8) [v.s. ...] the eighth Muhūrta of the day (about midday), [Kauśika-sūtra etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Abhijidvishvajitau, Abhijita, Abhijinmuhurta, Nakshatra, Kulakulanakshatra, Abhijitya, Punarvasu, Kulakula, Ahuka, Brahmavati, Kalacakra, Nagavithi, Riksha, Yan, Hiranyaksha, Somasiddhanta, Vamana.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Abhijit, Abhi-jit; (plurals include: Abhijits, jits). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa XII, adhyāya 3, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Twelfth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XII, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 3 < [Twelfth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XII, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Twelfth Kāṇḍa]
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 11.74 < [Section VII - Special Expiation for Special Offences: (a) For Killing a Brāhmaṇa]
Verse 11.27 < [Section II - The Brāhmaṇa’s Responsibilities and Privileges regarding Sacrificial Performances]
Verse 11.77 < [Section VII - Special Expiation for Special Offences: (a) For Killing a Brāhmaṇa]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 17 - On the Dhruva Maṇḍalam < [Book 8]
Chapter 16 - On the motion of the planets < [Book 8]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 23 - The Sisumara Planetary Systems < [Canto V - The Creative Impetus]
Chapter 22 - The Orbits of the Planets < [Canto V - The Creative Impetus]
Chapter 18 - Lord Vamanadeva, the Dwarf Incarnation < [Canto VIII - Withdrawal of the Cosmic Creations]