Perception: 2 definitions


Perception means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Perception in Ayurveda glossary
Source: INSA Digital Repository: Caraka’s Approach to Knowledge

Perception or “Knowledge gained through Perception” (Sanskrit: pratyakṣa) refers to one of various means of accessing exact Knowledge, according to the Charaka Samhita (verse 11.3-6).—Knowledge from direct perception arises as a result of the combined action of sense objects, sense, mind and self, each of which is indispensable for perception (Charaka Samhita verse 11.17). Though perception has been sub-classified into five sub-types based on contact with substance, guna etc., authorities agree that, ‘in reality knowledge that results as the effect of sense contact’ would fulfil the definition of perception.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Perception in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Perception (of a knowing subject’s own consciousness) is denoted by the Sanskrit term Pramātṛtā, according to Kṣemarāja’s Pratyabhijñāhṛdaya.—Accordingly, while discussing easy methods of Yoga practice: “[...] By apprehending the absence of thought because there is no thinking at all, one becomes full of the perception (pramātṛtā) of a knowing subject’s own consciousness devoid of defects such as the body and so on, and one soon obtains immersion in the fourth [state] and that beyond the fourth [state], [an immersion] whose expansiveness is [always] opening out”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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