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Sanna, aka: Sannā, Saññā, Sañña; 7 Definition(s)


Sanna means something in Buddhism, Pali. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Buddhism


Saññā, (f.) (fr. saṃ+jñā) (pl. saññāyo and saññā — e.g. M. I, 108) 1. sense, consciousness, perception, being the third khandha Vin. I, 13; M. I, 300; S. III, 3 sq.; Dhs. 40, 58, 61, 113; VbhA. 42.—2. sense, perception, discernment, recognition, assimilation of sensations, awareness M. I, 293; A. III, 443 (nibbāna°); S. III, 87; Sn. 732 (saññāya uparodhanā dukkhakkhayo hoti; expld as “kāmasaññā” SnA); Miln. 61; Dhs. 4; DhsA. 110, 200 (rūpa° perception of material qualities).—3. consciousness D. I, 180 sq.; M. I, 108; Vbh. 369 (nānatta° c. of diversity: see nānatta); Miln. 159; J. IV, 391; is previous to ñāṇa D. I, 185; a constituent part of nāma S. II, 3, cp. Sn. 779; according to later teaching differs from viññāṇa and paññā only as a child’s perceiving differs from (a) an adult’s, (b) an expert’s Vism. 436 sq.; Dhs. trsln 7 n. 2, 17 n. 2.—nevasaññā-nâsaññā neither consciousness nor unconsciousness D. III, 224, 262 sq.; M. I, 41, 160; II, 255; III, 28, 44; Ps. I, 36; Dhs. 268, 582, 1417; Kvu 202; Nett 26, 29; Vism. 571.—4. conception, idea, notion D. I, 28; III, 289 (cp. Dial. III, 263: “concept rather than percept”); M. III, 104; S. I, 107; Sn. 802, 841; J. I, 368 (ambaphala saññāya in the notion or imagining of mango fruit); Vism. 112 (rūpa° & aṭṭhika°). saññaṃ karoti to imagine, to think J. II, 71; to take notice, to mind J. I, 117.—5. sign, gesture token, mark J. I, 287; II, 18; paṇṇa° a mark of leaves J. I, 153; rajjusaññā a rope used as a mark, a guiding rope, J. I, 287; rukkha-saññaṃ pabbata-saññaṃ karonto, using trees and hills as guiding marks J. IV, 91; saññaṃ dadāti to give the sign (with the whip, for the horse to start) J. VI, 302.—6. saññā is twofold, paṭighasamphassajā and adhivacanasamphassajā i.e. sense impression and recognition (impression of something similar, “association by similarity, ” as when a seen person calls up some one we know), Vbh. 6; VbhA. 19 sq.; threefold, rūpasaññā, paṭighasaññā, and nānattasaññā A. II, 184; S. II, 211; cp. Sn. 535; or kāma°, vyāpāda°, vihiṃsā° (as nānatta°) Vbh. 369, cp. VbhA. 499; fivefold (pañca vimutti-paripācaniyā saññā); anicca°, anicce dukkha°, dukkhe anatta°, pahāna°, virāga° D. III, 243, cp. A. III, 334; there are six perceptions of rūpa, sadda, gandha, rasa, phoṭṭhabba, and dhamma, D. II, 309; S. III, 60; the sevenfold perception, anicca-, anatta-, asubha-, ādīnava-, pahāna-, virāga-, and nirodha-saññā, D. II, 79; cp. A. III, 79; the tenfold perception, asubha-, maraṇa-, āhāre paṭikkūla-, sabbaloke anabhirata-, anicca-, anicce dukkha-, dukkhe anatta-, pahāna-, virāga-, nirodha-saññā A. V, 105; the one perception, āhāre paṭikkūlasaññā, Cpd. 21.—7. See further (unclassified refs.): D. I, 180; II, 277 (papañca°); III, 33, 223; S. II, 143; A. II, 17; IV, 312; Nd1 193, 207; Nett 27; Vism. 111, 437, 461 sq. (in detail); VbhA. 20 (pañca-dvārikā), 34; VvA. 110; and on term Cpd. 40, 42.

—gata perceptible, the world of sense M. I, 38.—bhava conscious existence Vism. 572; VbhA. 183.—maya= arūpin M. I, 410 (opp. manomaya=rūpin).—vedayitanirodha cessation of consciousness and sensation M. I, 160, 301; III, 45; A. I, 41; Kvu 202; S. II, 212.—viratta free from consciousness, an Arahant, Sn. 847.—vimokkha emancipation from consciousness Sn. 1071 sq.; Miln. 159=Vin. V, 116. (Page 670)

— or —

1) Sanna, 2 (pp. of sandati) flown J. VI, 203 (dadhi°). (Page 678)

2) Sanna, 1 (pp. of sīdati) sunk Dh. 327. (Page 678)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. 'perception', is one of the 5 groups of existence (khandha, q.v.), and one of the 7 mental factors (cetasika) that are inseparably bound up with all consciousness (s. cetanā). It is sixfold as perception of the 5 physical sense-objects and of mental objects. It is the awareness of an object's distinctive marks ("one perceives blue, yellow, etc.," S. XXII, 79). If, in repeated perception of an object, these marks are recognized, saññā functions as 'memory' (s. Abh. St., p. 68f.).

2. saññā stands sometimes for consciousness in its entirety, e.g. in n'eva-saññā-n'āsaññāyatana, 'the realm of neither-perception-nor- non-perception'; further, in asaññā-satta, 'unconscious beings'. In both cases reference is not to 'perception' alone, but also to all other constituents of consciousness. Cf. D. 9.

3. saññā may also refer to the 'ideas', which are objects of meditation, e.g. in a group of 7 ideas, of impermanence (anicca-s. ), etc. (A. VII, 46); of 10: impurity (asubha-s.), etc. (A. X, 56), and another set of 10 in A. X. 60; or to wrong notions, as in nicca-, subha-s. (the notion of permanence, beauty), etc.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Sañña is a Buddhist term that is typically translated as "perception" or "cognition." It can be defined as grasping at the distinguishing features or characteristics. In Sanskrit the term is known as Saṃjñā. In the early Buddhism Theravadin texts of the Nikayas/Āgamas, Sañña is the third of the Five Aggregates (khandha/skandha) which can be used to skillfully delineate phenomenological experiences during meditation.

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

remembrance; Countless moments of sanna succeed one another and perform their function so that we can remember. successive events such as sentences we hear when someone is speaking.

Sanna is One of the Seven Universals.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

One of the Sabbacittasadharana cetasikas.


Sanna is perception. It perceives marks on object. Due to its presence, citta cognizes object. Sanna arises with each arising citta. It suggests citta to cognize object through markers on the object and it registers things and records what it experiences while it is working together with citta. Sanna is one of four vipaka namakkhandha or resultant nama aggregate.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

F (Perception).

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English GlossaryLabel; perception; allusion; act of memory or recognition; interpretation. See khandha.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

Relevant definitions

Search found 138 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Āloka-saññā. (“perception of light”)
Sanna Sutta
Saññā, (f.) (fr. saṃ+jñā) (pl. saññāyo and saññā — e.g. M. I, 108) 1. sense, consciousness, per...
Sanna Vagga
Saññā, (f.) (fr. saṃ+jñā) (pl. saññāyo and saññā — e.g. M. I, 108) 1. sense, consciousness, per...
Sukha Saññā
'the perception (consciousness or view) of happiness' in what is actually suffering (dukkhe suk...
Subha Saññā
'the perception (consciousness or view) of beauty (or purity)' in what is actually devoid of it...
Sabba Loke Anabhirati Saññā
'contemplation on disinterestedness regarding the whole world', described in A. X., 60 in the...
āhāre Patikkūla Saññā
'reflection on the loathsomeness of food', fully described in Vis.M. XI, l.
Nicca Saññā
(-citta,-ditthi): perception (or consciousness, or view) of permanency, is one of the 4 pervers...
Anabhirati Saññā
s. sabba-loke anabhirati-s.
Neva Saññā Nāsaññāyatana
The 'sphere of neither-perception-nor-non-perception', is the name for the fourth absorption of...
Saññā Vipallāsa
'perversion of perception' (s. vipallāsa).
Nānatta Saññā
The 'variety (or multiformity) - perceptions are explained under jhāna.
Anattā Saññā
'perception of not-self'; see A.VI.104; A.VII.48; A.X.60; Ud.IV.1.
Patikkūla Saññā
s. kāyagatā-sati.
Saññā Vedayita Nirodha
= nirodha-samāpatti.

Relevant text

Search found 168 books containing Sanna, Sannā, Saññā or Sañña. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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