Sanna, aka: Sannā, Saññā, Sañña, Shanna, Śanna; 9 Definition(s)


Sanna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śanna can be transliterated into English as Sanna or Shanna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Label; perception; allusion; act of memory or recognition; interpretation. See khandha.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

F (Perception).

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

One of the Sabbacittasadharana cetasikas.


Sanna is perception. It perceives marks on object. Due to its presence, citta cognizes object. Sanna arises with each arising citta. It suggests citta to cognize object through markers on the object and it registers things and records what it experiences while it is working together with citta. Sanna is one of four vipaka namakkhandha or resultant nama aggregate.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

remembrance; Countless moments of sanna succeed one another and perform their function so that we can remember. successive events such as sentences we hear when someone is speaking.

Sanna is One of the Seven Universals.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

1. 'perception', is one of the 5 groups of existence (khandha, q.v.), and one of the 7 mental factors (cetasika) that are inseparably bound up with all consciousness (s. cetanā). It is sixfold as perception of the 5 physical sense-objects and of mental objects. It is the awareness of an object's distinctive marks ("one perceives blue, yellow, etc.," S. XXII, 79). If, in repeated perception of an object, these marks are recognized, saññā functions as 'memory' (s. Abh. St., p. 68f.).

2. saññā stands sometimes for consciousness in its entirety, e.g. in n'eva-saññā-n'āsaññāyatana, 'the realm of neither-perception-nor- non-perception'; further, in asaññā-satta, 'unconscious beings'. In both cases reference is not to 'perception' alone, but also to all other constituents of consciousness. Cf. D. 9.

3. saññā may also refer to the 'ideas', which are objects of meditation, e.g. in a group of 7 ideas, of impermanence (anicca-s. ), etc. (A. VII, 46); of 10: impurity (asubha-s.), etc. (A. X, 56), and another set of 10 in A. X. 60; or to wrong notions, as in nicca-, subha-s. (the notion of permanence, beauty), etc.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Sañña is a Buddhist term that is typically translated as "perception" or "cognition." It can be defined as grasping at the distinguishing features or characteristics. In Sanskrit the term is known as Saṃjñā. In the early Buddhism Theravadin texts of the Nikayas/Āgamas, Sañña is the third of the Five Aggregates (khandha/skandha) which can be used to skillfully delineate phenomenological experiences during meditation.

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sanna in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saññā, (f.) (fr. saṃ+jñā) (pl. saññāyo and saññā — e.g. M. I, 108) 1. sense, consciousness, perception, being the third khandha Vin. I, 13; M. I, 300; S. III, 3 sq.; Dhs. 40, 58, 61, 113; VbhA. 42.—2. sense, perception, discernment, recognition, assimilation of sensations, awareness M. I, 293; A. III, 443 (nibbāna°); S. III, 87; Sn. 732 (saññāya uparodhanā dukkhakkhayo hoti; expld as “kāmasaññā” SnA); Miln. 61; Dhs. 4; DhsA. 110, 200 (rūpa° perception of material qualities).—3. consciousness D. I, 180 sq.; M. I, 108; Vbh. 369 (nānatta° c. of diversity: see nānatta); Miln. 159; J. IV, 391; is previous to ñāṇa D. I, 185; a constituent part of nāma S. II, 3, cp. Sn. 779; according to later teaching differs from viññāṇa and paññā only as a child’s perceiving differs from (a) an adult’s, (b) an expert’s Vism. 436 sq.; Dhs. trsln 7 n. 2, 17 n. 2.—nevasaññā-nâsaññā neither consciousness nor unconsciousness D. III, 224, 262 sq.; M. I, 41, 160; II, 255; III, 28, 44; Ps. I, 36; Dhs. 268, 582, 1417; Kvu 202; Nett 26, 29; Vism. 571.—4. conception, idea, notion D. I, 28; III, 289 (cp. Dial. III, 263: “concept rather than percept”); M. III, 104; S. I, 107; Sn. 802, 841; J. I, 368 (ambaphala saññāya in the notion or imagining of mango fruit); Vism. 112 (rūpa° & aṭṭhika°). saññaṃ karoti to imagine, to think J. II, 71; to take notice, to mind J. I, 117.—5. sign, gesture token, mark J. I, 287; II, 18; paṇṇa° a mark of leaves J. I, 153; rajjusaññā a rope used as a mark, a guiding rope, J. I, 287; rukkha-saññaṃ pabbata-saññaṃ karonto, using trees and hills as guiding marks J. IV, 91; saññaṃ dadāti to give the sign (with the whip, for the horse to start) J. VI, 302.—6. saññā is twofold, paṭighasamphassajā and adhivacanasamphassajā i.e. sense impression and recognition (impression of something similar, “association by similarity, ” as when a seen person calls up some one we know), Vbh. 6; VbhA. 19 sq.; threefold, rūpasaññā, paṭighasaññā, and nānattasaññā A. II, 184; S. II, 211; cp. Sn. 535; or kāma°, vyāpāda°, vihiṃsā° (as nānatta°) Vbh. 369, cp. VbhA. 499; fivefold (pañca vimutti-paripācaniyā saññā); anicca°, anicce dukkha°, dukkhe anatta°, pahāna°, virāga° D. III, 243, cp. A. III, 334; there are six perceptions of rūpa, sadda, gandha, rasa, phoṭṭhabba, and dhamma, D. II, 309; S. III, 60; the sevenfold perception, anicca-, anatta-, asubha-, ādīnava-, pahāna-, virāga-, and nirodha-saññā, D. II, 79; cp. A. III, 79; the tenfold perception, asubha-, maraṇa-, āhāre paṭikkūla-, sabbaloke anabhirata-, anicca-, anicce dukkha-, dukkhe anatta-, pahāna-, virāga-, nirodha-saññā A. V, 105; the one perception, āhāre paṭikkūlasaññā, Cpd. 21.—7. See further (unclassified refs.): D. I, 180; II, 277 (papañca°); III, 33, 223; S. II, 143; A. II, 17; IV, 312; Nd1 193, 207; Nett 27; Vism. 111, 437, 461 sq. (in detail); VbhA. 20 (pañca-dvārikā), 34; VvA. 110; and on term Cpd. 40, 42.

—gata perceptible, the world of sense M. I, 38.—bhava conscious existence Vism. 572; VbhA. 183.—maya= arūpin M. I, 410 (opp. manomaya=rūpin).—vedayitanirodha cessation of consciousness and sensation M. I, 160, 301; III, 45; A. I, 41; Kvu 202; S. II, 212.—viratta free from consciousness, an Arahant, Sn. 847.—vimokkha emancipation from consciousness Sn. 1071 sq.; Miln. 159=Vin. V, 116. (Page 670)

— or —

1) Sanna, 2 (pp. of sandati) flown J. VI, 203 (dadhi°). (Page 678)

2) Sanna, 1 (pp. of sīdati) sunk Dh. 327. (Page 678)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śanna (शन्न).—p. p. Fallen, decayed, withered.

--- OR ---

Sanna (सन्न).—p. p. [sad-kta]

1) Sitting down, settling down, lying.

2) Dejected, sunk down, downcast.

3) Drooping, relaxed; नालक्षयम् साध्वससन्नहस्तः (nālakṣayam sādhvasasannahastaḥ) Ku.3.51.

4) Weak, low, feeble.

5) Wasted away, decayed.

6) Perished, destroyed.

7) Still, motionless.

8) Shrunk.

9) Adjacent, near.

1) Gone, departed.

11) Sunk, low (in tone &c).

-nnaḥ The tree called पियाल (piyāla).

-nnam 1 A little, a small quantity.

2) Destruction, loss.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣaṇṇa (षण्ण).—= Sanskrit ṣaṇḍa, thicket: nānādvijonnāditavṛkṣa-ṣaṇṇe (Bhvr.) vane viśokā muditā ramāmi Gv 408.4 (verse). See § 2.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 152 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sannakaṇṭha (सन्नकण्ठ).—mfn. (-ṇṭhaḥ-ṇṭhā-ṇṭhaṃ) Choking, choked, scarcely able to articulate. ...
Āloka-saññā. (“perception of light”)
Sanna Sutta
Saññā, (f.) (fr. saṃ+jñā) (pl. saññāyo and saññā — e.g. M. I, 108) 1. sense, consciousness, per...
Sanna Vagga
Saññā, (f.) (fr. saṃ+jñā) (pl. saññāyo and saññā — e.g. M. I, 108) 1. sense, consciousness, per...
Sannaharṣa (सन्नहर्ष).—a. desponding, cheerless.Sannaharṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of...
Mahāsanna (महासन्न).—an epithet of Kubera. Derivable forms: mahāsannaḥ (महासन्नः).Mahāsanna is ...
Sannavāc (सन्नवाच्).—a. speaking with low tone. Sannavāc is a Sanskrit compound consisting of t...
Sannadhī (सन्नधी).—a. dispirited; यादोगणाः सन्नधियः ससाध्वसाः (yādogaṇāḥ sannadhiyaḥ sasādhvasā...
Sannabhāva (सन्नभाव).—a. despondent. Sannabhāva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ...
Subha Sanna
'the perception (consciousness or view) of beauty (or purity)' in what is actually devoid of it...
Sannajihva (सन्नजिह्व).—a. one whose tongue is silent; तत्तेजसा हतरुचः सन्नजिह्वाः ससाध्वसाः (t...
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'the perception (consciousness or view) of happiness' in what is actually suffering (dukkhe suk...
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(°citta, °ditthi): 'perception (consciousness, view) of an ego', is one of the 4 perversions (v...
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s. kāyagatā-sati.

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