Bodha: 25 definitions


Bodha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bodh.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bodha (बोध).—A king. In the Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 14, Stanza 20, mention is made that this King fled to South India with his brothers and relatives fearing the attack of Jarāsandha.

2) Bodha (बोध).—A place in ancient India. It is famous in the Purāṇas. Mention is made about this place in Mahābhārata. Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 39.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bodha (बोध).—A son of Buddhi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 60. Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 36.

1b) (c) a kingdom in Madhyadeśa called after the people inhabiting it.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 41.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bodha (बोध) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.25, VI.10.38) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bodha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Bodha (बोध) is the tradition (ovallī) founded by Amara, who was one of the twelve princes born to Kuṃkumā, consort to Mīnanātha, who is the incarnation of Siddhanātha in the fourth yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas. Amara was one of the six princes having the authority to teach.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bodha (बोध) refers to “awareness”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī (KSTS vol. 65, 330).—Accordingly, “When one begins to contemplate ‘What is the reality of the body, etc.?’ [and subsequently realizes] “it is simply a form of awareness, replete with the Light of Consciousness,” then those [levels] from the Void to the body manifest as [they really are,] of one essence with Awareness (bodha-svarūpin), as if transmuted by its elixir. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Studies in India Cultural History: Indian Science of Cosmetics and Perfumery

Bodha (बोध, “reviving”).—One of the processes for manufacturing cosmetics and perfumes mentioned by Gaṅgādhara;—Bodha means reviving the scent of a perfume with the help of aromatic ingredients acting as reviving agents. It is further developed by vedha.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bodha (बोध) refers to “consciousness” according to the Ambāmatasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “[...] Kaumārī, in the form of the Brahman, practiced spiritual discipline (anuṣṭhāna) in the past by means of the fire of austerity (tāpanāgni) and came (into the world as) Bhagamālinī. She is in the grip of (the practice) of continence (brahmacarya) and you (Bhairava) have become the Point (bindu). She attained the imperishable nature that, unmanifest, is consciousness (bodha). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Bodha (बोध) is the name of a Ṛṣi in the Mantra Pāṭha. He is mentioned with Pratibodha in the Atharvaveda, but Whitney thinks that in the second passage, at least, the word is an ordinary noun meaning “the wakeful one”

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bodha (बोध) refers to the “knowledge (of what is beyond the senses)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The three worlds, which are made foolish by the action of the poison of lust, are fast asleep in this gaping mouth of Yama’s serpent which is marked by fangs of destruction. While this one whose disposition is pitiless is devouring everyone, certainly there is no way out from this for you, noble fellow, by any means [even] with some difficulty without knowledge of what is beyond the senses (atyakṣa-bodhaapy atyakṣabodhaṃ vinā). [Thus ends the reflection on] helplessness”.

Synonyms: Jñāna.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: The Chronological History of Tibetan Buddhism

The Bodha tribe (Bodo people in modern times) was traditionally living on the north bank of Brahmaputra river (Assam and Arunachal Pradesh) and in the foothills of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh since pre-Mahabharata era. The Bodha people living in the foothills of Bhutan had to immigrate to western and central Tibet fearing the oppression by King Jarasandha. Thus, western Tibet and central Tibet was gradually populated by the Bodha tribe of India.

Mahabharata mentions that a tribe of Bodhas residing in the northern and north-eastern side of Magadha fled westwards along with Shurasenas, Bhadrakāras, Shalvas, Pataccaras, Sustharas, Sukuttas, Kuninthas and Kuntis out of fear of Magadha emperor Jarasandha. Tibetans were generally referred to as Bhotas or Bhauttas in Sanskrit since post-Buddhist period. There is no reference of Bhotas or Bhauttas in Ramayana and Mahabharata. Ancient Tibet was called as Bod or Bod-yul.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bodha : (m.) enlightenment; knowledge.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Bodha, 2 see pali°. (Page 491)

2) Bodha, 1 (fr. budh; the usual) form is sambodha=bodhi, viz. knowledge, wisdom, enlightenment, Buddhaship D. III, 54 (v. l. sam°); DhsA. 217; in phrase bodhāya maggo J. I, 67; Miln. 244, 289; and in bodha-pakkhiyadhammā (for which usually bodhi°) SnA 164 (where given as 37); complementary to santi (arousing, soothing) Th. 1, 342. bodhaṅgama leading to enlightenment (dhammā) Nett 31, 83 (v. l. bojjh°). (Page 491)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bōdha (बोध).—m (S) Perception; perceived, apprehended, or understood state. 2 Explaining; making known; conveying the knowledge of. 3 Perception or apprehension of; knowledge. Ex. bōdha bimbōni nāśē avidyā ||. 4 Informing; instructing; making acquainted with. 5 S Awakened or aroused state: also awakening or arousing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bōdha (बोध).—m Perception; knowledge. Instructing; explaining.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bodha (बोध).—a. Knowing, understanding.

-dhaḥ [budh-bhāve ghañ]

1) Perception, knowledge, apprehension, observation, conception; बालानां सुखबोधाय (bālānāṃ sukhabodhāya) T. S.

2) Idea, thought.

3) Understanding, intellect, intelligence, wisdom.

4) Waking up, becoming awake, a waking state, consciousness.

5) Opening, blooming, expanding.

6) Instruction, advice, admonition.

7) Awakening, rousing.

8) An epithet, designation.

9) Name of a district.

1) Exciting (a perfume.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bodha (बोध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) 1. Wisdom, intellect. 2. A wakening, arousing. E. budh to understand, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bodha (बोध).—i. e. budh + a, m. 1. Knowledge, Bhāṣāp. 140. 2. Intellect, wisdom. 3. Arousing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bodha (बोध).—[adjective] perceiving, understanding; [masculine] waking, becoming or being awake (lit. & [figuratively]); expanding, budding; perception, knowledge, intelligence, wisdom.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bodha (बोध):—[from budh] mfn. knowing, understanding, [Aṣṭāvakra-saṃhitā] (cf. [gana] jvalādi)

2) [v.s. ...] m. waking, becoming or being awake, consciousness, [Atharva-veda; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the opening of blossom, bloom, [Catalogue(s)]

4) [v.s. ...] the taking effect (of spells; [accusative] with pra-√yā, ‘to begin to take effect’), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] exciting (a perfume), [Varāha-mihira]

6) [v.s. ...] perception, apprehension, thought, knowledge, understanding, intelligence, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] designation, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Pāṇini [Scholiast or Commentator]]

8) [v.s. ...] awakening, arousing, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] making known, informing, instructing, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

10) [v.s. ...] Knowledge personified as a son of Buddhi, [Purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] (cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 107])

12) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bodha (बोध):—(dhaḥ) 1. m. Wisdom; awakening.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bodha (बोध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Boha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bodha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bodha (बोध) [Also spelled bodh]:—(nm) perception; sense; knowledge; understanding; ~[gamya] intelligible; comprehensible, understandable ~[gamyatā] intelligibility, comprehensibility.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bōdha (ಬೋಧ):—

1) [noun] the act, process of teaching, educating.

2) [noun] the state of being conscious; awareness of one’s own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc.; consciousness.

3) [noun] familiarity or conversance with a particular subject or branch of learning; knowledge.

4) [noun] the product of mental activity as perception, apprehension, thought, understanding, etc.

5) [noun] the act of blowing, expanding (as a flower).

6) [noun] (pros.) a group consisting of three long syllablic instants (—-); molassus.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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