Pathina, Pāṭhīna, Pāthina, Pāthīna: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Pathina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन) refers to a type of fish (matsya) according to the Dhanvantari-nighaṇṭu 165.383-85. In the science of Āyurveda (ancient Indian healthcare), the meat of a fish is used and prepared in balanced diets. The Pāṭhīna fish has many teeth in black colour and has a big head. The Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu is a 10th-century medicinal thesaurus (nighaṇṭu) containing characteristics and synonyms of various herbal plants and minerals.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन)—Sanskrit word for a fish “silurus”, “catfish” (Wallago attu). This animal is from the group called Nādeya-matsya (‘fresh water fish’). Nādeya-matsya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

The Pāthinas produce Kapham and are spermatopoietic. They are carnivorous and somnolent in their habits, tend to vitiate the blood and the Pittam, and originate dermal affections.

Source: Research Gate: On Fish in Manasollasa (c. 1131 AD)

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन) refers to a type of fish identified with Wallago attu Schn., as mentioned in the 12th-century Mānasollāsa or Abhilaṣitārthachintāmaṇi, an ancient Sanskrit text describing thirty-five kinds of marine and fresh water fishes.—Pathina has been described as a scaleless, large fish found in rivers. Paathi [pāṭhī/pāṭhin] in Sanskrit means someone who recites with the back moving back and forth in a sitting position. Amarkosha (Jha, 1999) mentions that pathina has one thousand molars. It is a fish that has been mentioned commonly in the ancient literature of India, and was used in certain rituals. Hora (1951) identified it to be Wallago attu Schn. and we agree with Hora’s identification. Pathina is a catfish.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pāthina (पाथिन).—A kind of fish used in the Śrāddhas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 15. 34.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन) refers to the fish-species Wallago attu.—Manusmṛti I.44 includes fishes among aquatic creatures and states they are oviparous. It states that they are not to be rejected if offered voluntarily IV.250. Manusmṛti VIII.95 states that fish bones are harmful if swallowed unaware along with its flesh. The Smṛtis also mention several species of fishes [like Pāṭhīna (Wallago attu)].

The Manusmṛti permits that Siṃhatuṇḍaka, Śaśalka and Rājīva can be eaten on all occasions while the fishes namely Rohita and Pāṭhīna are to be eaten after offering them to the gods. [...] The Viṣṇusmṛti 51.21 also states that Pāṭhīna, Rohita, Siṃhatuṇḍaka, Śakula and Rājīva can be consumed.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A monastery in Ceylon, restored by Vijayabahu I. Cv.Ix.58.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Pathina in India is the name of a plant defined with Plumbago zeylanica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Plumbago zeylanica var. glaucescens Boiss. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden (1985)
· Flora of Tropical East Africa, Plumbaginaceae (1976)
· Fontqueria (1987)
· Taxon (1979)
· Species Plantarum (1762)
· FBI (1882)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Pathina, for example extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pathina in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pāṭhīna : (m.) a kind of fish; a shad.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṭhīna, (cp. Sk. pāṭhīna Manu 5, 16; Halāyudha 3, 36) the fish Silurus Boalis, a kind of shad J. IV, 70 (C: pāṭhīna-nāmakaṃ pāsāṇa-macchaṃ); V, 405; VI, 449. (Page 451)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन).—

1) A public reader of the Purāṇas or other mythological books.

2) A kind of fish; विवृत्तपाठीनपरा- हतं पयः (vivṛttapāṭhīnaparā- hataṃ payaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 4.5; Manusmṛti 5.16.

3) Name of a tree (Moringa with red blossoms).

Derivable forms: pāṭhīnaḥ (पाठीनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन).—m.

(-naḥ) A sort of fish, (Silurus boalis, Ham.) 2. A public reader or lecturer on the Puranas, &c. 3. A tree: see guggula. E. pāṭhī a Brahman, and īn added. “voyāla” .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन).—m. A sort of fish, Silurus boalis Ham.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन).—[masculine] a kind of fish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pāṭhīna (पाठीन):—[from pāṭha] m. = pāṭhaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Silurus Pelorius or Boalis (a kind of sheat-fish), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a species of Moringa with red blossoms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन):—(naḥ) 1. m. Sheat-fish; a public lecturer; a tree.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāḍhīṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pathina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pāṭhīna (ಪಾಠೀನ):—

1) [noun] he who reads and interprets religious and literary work in an assembly.

2) [noun] the fresh-water cat-fish Silurus peloris or boalis; sheat-fish.

3) [noun] Viṣṇu, in his incarnation as a fish.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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