Pathina, aka: Pāṭhīna, Pāthina, Pāthīna; 6 Definition(s)


Pathina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन) refers to a type of fish (matsya) according to the Dhanvantari-nighaṇṭu 165.383-85. In the science of Āyurveda (ancient Indian healthcare), the meat of a fish is used and prepared in balanced diets. The Pāṭhīna fish has many teeth in black colour and has a big head. The Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu is a 10th-century medicinal thesaurus (nighaṇṭu) containing characteristics and synonyms of various herbal plants and minerals.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pāṭhīna (पाठीन)—Sanskrit word for a fish “silurus”, “catfish” (Wallago attu). This animal is from the group called Nādeya-matsya (‘fresh water fish’). Nādeya-matsya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

The Pāthinas produce Kapham and are spermatopoietic. They are carnivorous and somnolent in their habits, tend to vitiate the blood and the Pittam, and originate dermal affections.

(Source): Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Āyurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.


Pāthina (पाथिन).—A kind of fish used in the Śrāddhas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 15. 34.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A monastery in Ceylon, restored by Vijayabahu I. Cv.Ix.58.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


pāṭhīna : (m.) a kind of fish; a shad.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṭhīna, (cp. Sk. pāṭhīna Manu 5, 16; Halāyudha 3, 36) the fish Silurus Boalis, a kind of shad J. IV, 70 (C: pāṭhīna-nāmakaṃ pāsāṇa-macchaṃ); V, 405; VI, 449. (Page 451)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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