Parigata: 9 definitions


Parigata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Parigata (परिगत) refers to “(being) surrounded (by a head)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Held by the left arm, the pure mind of a lotus, now a banner full of blood, A Kālpa after the first, surrounded by a head (parigata-śiras), a half a head of loose hair”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Parigata (परिगत) refers to “(being) afflicted (by drought)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “At the time of drought (anāvṛṣṭi-parigata) one should prepare a maṇḍala with clay and cow dung measuring three hastas on a mountain, in a forest, at a monastery, a spring, a pool, a tank, a well, a lake, or the residence of the Nāgas. One should dig a hole measuring a hasta in the middle of the maṇḍalaka. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parigata (परिगत).—p. p.

1) Surrounded, enclosed, encircled; परिगततटभूमिः स्नानमात्रोत्थिताभिः (parigatataṭabhūmiḥ snānamātrotthitābhiḥ) (vadhūbhiḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 4.1.

2) Diffused, spread around; ममापि च क्षपयतु नीललोहितः पुनर्भवं परिगतशक्तिरात्मभूः (mamāpi ca kṣapayatu nīlalohitaḥ punarbhavaṃ parigataśaktirātmabhūḥ) Ś.7.35.

3) Known, understood; R. 7.71; परिगतपरिगन्तव्य एव भवान् (parigataparigantavya eva bhavān) Ve.3; Mv.3.47.

4) Filled or covered with, possessed of (usually in comp.); Śiśupālavadha 9.26.

5) Got, obtained; भ्रमणपरिगतं भैक्षमक्षय्यमन्नम् (bhramaṇaparigataṃ bhaikṣamakṣayyamannam) Bhartṛhari 3.52.

6) Remembered.

7) Overcome, over-whelmed.

8) Affected by, afflicted with; अपि स्थाणुवदासीनः शुष्यन् परिगतः क्षुधा । न त्वेवानात्मसंपन्नाद् वृत्तिमीहेत पण्डितः (api sthāṇuvadāsīnaḥ śuṣyan parigataḥ kṣudhā | na tvevānātmasaṃpannād vṛttimīheta paṇḍitaḥ) || Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.49.

9) Performed.

1) Forgotten.

11) Obstructed, hindered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parigata (परिगत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Known, understood. 2. Sought, inquired after. 3. Obtained, gained. 4. Forgotten. 5. Diffused, spread. 6. Obstructed, detained. 7. Encircled, encompassed. E. pari about, &c. and gata gone, become.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parigata (परिगत).—[adjective] gone round or through, diffused, spread; deceased, dead; surrounded by, endowed or affected with, possessed of ([instrumental] or —°); known, learnt of ([ablative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parigata (परिगत):—[=pari-gata] [from pari-gam] mfn. gone round or through, surrounded, encompassed, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] filled, possessed of, visited by, afflicted with ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] diffused, spread, [Kāvya literature]

4) [v.s. ...] deceased, dead, [Bhartṛhari iii, 49]

5) [v.s. ...] experienced, known, learnt from ([ablative]), [Kāvya literature]

6) [v.s. ...] forgotten, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] obtained, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] = ceṣṭita, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parigata (परिगत):—[pari-gata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Known, sought, obtained; forgotten; diffused; obstructed; encircled.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Parigata (परिगत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Parigaya, Pariyaya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Parigata (ಪರಿಗತ):—

1) [adjective] covered from all sides; enveloped; encircled; surrounded.

2) [adjective] that is grown excessively or profusely.

3) [adjective] gone into mind; understood.

4) [adjective] got; had; received.

5) [adjective] gone; past; elapsed.

--- OR ---

Parigata (ಪರಿಗತ):—

1) [noun] the condition of filling or being filled with.

2) [noun] the state of being associated; association.

3) [noun] that which is gone, past or passed.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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