Parijana: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Parijana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Parijan.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

(or Abhijana) Sutta. By not thoroughly knowing or understanding the five khandhas one is unfit for the destruction of suffering. S.iii.26f.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parijana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

parijana : (m.) retinue; followers; attendants.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Parijana, (pari+jana) “the people round, ” i.e. attendants, servants, retinue, suite Vin. I, 15; J. I, 72, 90; DhA. III, 188; VvA. 63; PvA. 58, 62.—saparijana with one’s servants Cp II. 82 (T. saparijjana metri causâ). (Page 425)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parijana (परिजन).—m S A servant, an attendant, a retainer.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parijana (परिजन).—m A servant, an attendant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parijana (परिजन).—

1) Attendants, followers, servants taken collectively; परिजनो राजानमभितः स्थितः (parijano rājānamabhitaḥ sthitaḥ) M.1.

2) Especially, the retinue, suite, or train of females, the maids of a lady; अन्वभूत् परिजनाङ्गनारतम् (anvabhūt parijanāṅganāratam) R.19.23.

3) A single servant.

Derivable forms: parijanaḥ (परिजनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parijana (परिजन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. Dependents, servants, family, followers. 2. Train, retinue, Suit, (especially the maids of a lady). E. pari about, and jana a person.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parijana (परिजन).—[pari-jana], m. 1. Surrounding company, court attendants, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 77, 14 Gorr. 2. A servant, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 731.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parijana (परिजन).—[masculine] servant, mostly coll. retinue, suite.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parijana (परिजन):—[=pari-jana] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a surrounding company of people, entourage, attendants, servants, followers, suite, train, retinue ([especially] of females), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a single servant, [Kālidāsa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parijana (परिजन):—[pari-jana] (naḥ) 1. m. Family; train.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Parijana (परिजन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pariaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parijana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parijana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Parijana (परिजन) [Also spelled parijan]:—(nm) body of dependents, kith and kin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Parijāṇa (परिजाण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Parijñā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Parijana (ಪರಿಜನ):—

1) [noun] a group of persons surounding, accompanying another.

2) [noun] a group of servants (male or female).

3) [noun] a servant.

4) [noun] (pl.) people who are under the protection of a person.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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