Mushti, Muṣṭi: 15 definitions

Introduction

Mushti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Muṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Musti or Mushti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि, “fist”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Muṣṭi (fist): the four fingers are bent into the palm, and the thumb set on them. Usage: steadiness, grasping the hair, holding things, wrestling.

According to another book: the thumb placed on the middlefinger, and the fingers closed. It originates from Viṣṇnu, whoused this hand when he fought with Madhu. Its sage is Indra,colour indigo, race Śūdra, patron deity the moon. Usage: grasping,waist, fruit, agreement, saying “Very well”, sacrificial offerings,greeting common people, carrying away, strong hold, holding a book, rimning, lightness, wresthng, holding a shield,holding the hair, fisticuffs, grasping a mace or spear, indigocolour, Śūdra caste.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि, “fist”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): Fingers have their ends [bent] into the palm and the thumb [is set] upon them.

(Uses): It is used to represent beating, exercise exit, pressing, shampooing, grasping sword and holding spears and clubs.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि) or Muṣṭihasta refers to “weapon-hold, fist” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., muṣṭi-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि) refers to the “breadth of the clenched fist”.

Source: nathi.ru: The Amanaska Yoga

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि):—Dr Awasthi believes the word ‘muṣṭi’ refers to mūlabandha, but he provides no evidence for this. Muṣṭi literally means a ‘clenched hand or fist’, and the verse implies that the Yogī is holding such a fist above the direction of his gaze. If this fist were the clenched hands held behind the head in a classical headstand and if the Yogī were gazing on the space between the eyebrows, then his clenched hands would feel as though they are above the direction of his gaze.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Muṣṭi.—(IE 8-6), a handful. Cf. eka-muṣṭyā (LP), ‘at the same time’. Note: muṣṭi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—f m (S) The fist. 2 A fistful. 3 A hilt, haft, or handle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—f The fist. A fistful. A hilt.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—m., f. [muṣ-ktic]

1) The clenched hand, fist; कर्णान्तमेत्य विभिदे निबिडोऽपि मुष्टिः (karṇāntametya vibhide nibiḍo'pi muṣṭiḥ) R.9.58;15.21; Śi.1.59.

2) A handful, fistful; श्यामाकमुष्टिपरिवर्धितकः (śyāmākamuṣṭiparivardhitakaḥ) Ś4.14; R.19.57; Ku.7.69; Me.7.

3) A handle or hilt.

4) A particular measure (= pala).

5) A measure of capacity equal to one handful.

6) The penis.

7) Stealing (only f.).

8) A compendium, abridgment.

9) A measure used in checking the account of the income and expenditure of a country; 'जनपदायव्ययशोधको मुष्टिः (janapadāyavyayaśodhako muṣṭiḥ)' Bhūṣaṇā मुष्टिमर्धमुष्टिं वाऽभ्यन्तरीकृत्य कृत्स्नमायव्ययजातम् (muṣṭimardhamuṣṭiṃ vā'bhyantarīkṛtya kṛtsnamāyavyayajātam) Dk. 2.8.

Derivable forms: muṣṭiḥ (मुष्टिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—f. (used in Sanskrit of the handle or grasping- point of a weapon), (1) = muṣṭi-bandha, q.v., grip, a manner of grasping (the bow): (bhagavatā, or maye, mayā, spoken by the Buddha) cirapraṇaṣṭā Śāk(i)ya- muṣṭi jñātā Mahāvastu ii.77.2, 3; 82.2, the long-lost (bow-)grip of the Śākyas was known; referring to the young Bodhi- sattva's exploit of wielding the bow of his grandfather Siṃhahanu, which no one else could wield; (2) see s.v. ācārya-muṣṭi; (3) since rikta-muṣṭi, q.v., is used in lists of things empty and delusive, the word muṣṭi alone is, according to text Śikṣāsamuccaya 261.8, used in the same sense: evaṃ cakṣuś cendriyaṃ ca rikte (app. dual) muṣṭisadṛśam (but read rikta-muṣṭi-sadṛśam?) alīkam asadbhūtaṃ etc.; note that after rikte the epithets are (at least mostly; but see moṣadharma) singular, which makes the dual rikte suspicious, depite the double subject; and the standard use of riktamuṣṭi, occurring actually in the preceding line of Śikṣāsamuccaya, makes the em. seem called for.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—mf. (-ṣṭiḥ-ṣṭī) 1. The fist, the closed hand. 2. The hilt or handle of a sword, etc. 3. A handful or Pala, the initiatory measure in the tables of the measures of grain. 4. The penis. 5. Filching, stealing. E. muṣ to steal or take, aff. ktic .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—m. and f. 1. The fist, Rām a, 15, 17; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 203. 2. A handful, [Pañcatantra] 215, 1. 3. The handle of a sword.

— Cf. perhaps [Anglo-Saxon.] fyst.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—[feminine] fist, handful; handle, esp of a sword.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Muṣṭi (मुष्टि):—[from muṣ] mf. stealing, filching, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] the clenched hand, fist (perhaps [originally] ‘the hand closed to grasp anything stolen’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a handful, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] measure (= 1 Pala), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] a hilt or handle (of a sword etc.), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] a compendium, abridgment, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

7) [v.s. ...] the penis (?), [Mahīdhara on Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxiii, 24.]

8) Muṣṭī (मुष्टी):—[from muṣ] in [compound] for muṣṭi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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