Mushti, aka: Muṣṭi; 9 Definition(s)


Mushti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Muṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Musti or Mushti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Mushti in Natyashastra glossaries]

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि, “fist”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Muṣṭi (fist): the four fingers are bent into the palm, and the thumb set on them. Usage: steadiness, grasping the hair, holding things, wrestling.

According to another book: the thumb placed on the middlefinger, and the fingers closed. It originates from Viṣṇnu, whoused this hand when he fought with Madhu. Its sage is Indra,colour indigo, race Śūdra, patron deity the moon. Usage: grasping,waist, fruit, agreement, saying “Very well”, sacrificial offerings,greeting common people, carrying away, strong hold, holding a book, rimning, lightness, wresthng, holding a shield,holding the hair, fisticuffs, grasping a mace or spear, indigocolour, Śūdra caste.

(Source): The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि, “fist”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): Fingers have their ends [bent] into the palm and the thumb [is set] upon them.

(Uses): It is used to represent beating, exercise exit, pressing, shampooing, grasping sword and holding spears and clubs.

(Source): Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Mushti in Shilpashastra glossaries]

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि) refers to “weapon-hold, fist” and represents one of the thirty-two mudrās (hand gestures) of the single-hand type, commonly used by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—Muṣṭi is formed with all the fingers firmly held, close to the palm and the thumb placed over the middle finger, the whole forming a fist.

(Source): Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Mushti in Hinduism glossaries]

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि) refers to the “breadth of the clenched fist”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि):—Dr Awasthi believes the word ‘muṣṭi’ refers to mūlabandha, but he provides no evidence for this. Muṣṭi literally means a ‘clenched hand or fist’, and the verse implies that the Yogī is holding such a fist above the direction of his gaze. If this fist were the clenched hands held behind the head in a classical headstand and if the Yogī were gazing on the space between the eyebrows, then his clenched hands would feel as though they are above the direction of his gaze.

(Source): The Amanaska Yoga

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Mushti in Marathi glossaries]

muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—f m (S) The fist. 2 A fistful. 3 A hilt, haft, or handle.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—f The fist. A fistful. A hilt.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Mushti in Sanskrit glossaries]

Muṣṭi (मुष्टि).—m., f. [muṣ-ktic]

1) The clenched hand, fist; कर्णान्तमेत्य विभिदे निबिडोऽपि मुष्टिः (karṇāntametya vibhide nibiḍo'pi muṣṭiḥ) R.9.58;15.21; Śi.1.59.

2) A handful, fistful; श्यामाकमुष्टिपरिवर्धितकः (śyāmākamuṣṭiparivardhitakaḥ) Ś4.14; R.19.57; Ku.7.69; Me.7.

3) A handle or hilt.

4) A particular measure (= pala).

5) A measure of capacity equal to one handful.

6) The penis.

7) Stealing (only f.).

8) A compendium, abridgment.

9) A measure used in checking the account of the income and expenditure of a country; 'जनपदायव्ययशोधको मुष्टिः (janapadāyavyayaśodhako muṣṭiḥ)' Bhūṣaṇā मुष्टिमर्धमुष्टिं वाऽभ्यन्तरीकृत्य कृत्स्नमायव्ययजातम् (muṣṭimardhamuṣṭiṃ vā'bhyantarīkṛtya kṛtsnamāyavyayajātam) Dk. 2.8.

Derivable forms: muṣṭiḥ (मुष्टिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 52 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vajramuṣṭi (वज्रमुष्टि).—1) an epithet of Indra. 2) an adamantine clenched fist. 3) a kind of w...
Muṣṭiyuddha (मुष्टियुद्ध) refers to a traditional form of boxing, defined according to ancient ...
Dṛḍhamuṣṭi (दृढमुष्टि) is one of the ten ministers of Mṛgāṅkadatta: the son of king Amaradatta ...
Baddhamuṣṭi (बद्धमुष्टि).—a. 1) having a closed fist. 2) close-fisted, covetous. Baddhamuṣṭi is...
One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-six combined Hands).—Muṣṭi-svastika (crossed fists...
Muṣṭibandha (मुष्टिबन्ध).—1) clenching the fist. 2) a handful. Derivable forms: muṣṭibandhaḥ (म...
Muṣṭivarcas (मुष्टिवर्चस्).—n. the feces compacted into a ball.Muṣṭivarcas is a Sanskrit compou...
Cūrṇamuṣṭi (चूर्णमुष्टि).—f. a handful of perfume or powder. Derivable forms: cūrṇamuṣṭiḥ (चूर्...
Muṣṭivadha (मुष्टिवध).—devastation of the crop; अतो मुष्टिवधः सस्यवधो वा यदोत्पद्यते तदाऽभियास्...
Gāḍhamuṣṭi (गाढमुष्टि).—a. close-fisted, avaricious, miserly. -ṣṭiḥ a sword. Gāḍhamuṣṭi is a Sa...
Muṣṭipāta (मुष्टिपात).—boxing. Derivable forms: muṣṭipātaḥ (मुष्टिपातः).Muṣṭipāta is a Sanskrit...
Muṣṭidyūta (मुष्टिद्यूत).—a kind of game. Derivable forms: muṣṭidyūtam (मुष्टिद्यूतम्).Muṣṭidyū...
Aṣṭamuṣṭi (अष्टमुष्टि).—a. measure called कुञ्चि (kuñci); अष्टमुष्टिर्भवेत् कुञ्चिः कुञ्चयोऽष्ट...
Muṣṭideśa (मुष्टिदेश).—the middle of a bow, that part of it which is grasped in the hand. Deriv...
Muṣṭiyoga (मुष्टियोग).—the offering of handfuls (i. e. small quantities). Derivable forms: muṣṭ...

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