Mushika, aka: Mūsika, Musika, Mūṣika, Muṣika, Mūsīkā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mushika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mūṣika and Muṣika can be transliterated into English as Musika or Mushika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Mūṣika (मूषिक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “rat” or “mouse”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Mūṣika is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mūṣika (मूषिक)—Sanskrit word for an animal corresponding to “tree rat” (Vandeleuria oleracea). This animal is from the group called Parṇa-mṛga (‘tree dwellers’ or ‘tree-dwelling arboreal animals’). Parṇa-mṛga itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

(Source): archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Āyurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Purāṇa

Muṣika (मुषिक):—A country under Kanakas (Wilson’s suggested identification with the pirate coast of the Konkan).

(Source): Google Books: The Purana Index

1) Muṣika (मुषिक).—(c)—a country under Kanakas (Wilson's suggested identification with the pirate coast of the Konkan).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 67.

2a) Mūṣika (मूषिक).—(c)—a southern country.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 56.

2b) A tribe of the Dakṣiṇāpatha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 125.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

The mouse vehicle (muṣika) of Gaṇeśa — The mouse is the master of the inner part of every building, and as such it represents the Ātman or the Self. The Self lives in the innermost recesses of the intellect, within the heart of every being.

The mouse is called muṣika in Sanskrit. It is derived the word muṣ which means to steal. The Inner Ruler (Ātman) steals everything that we enjoy, hidden from our view it enjoys all the pleasures and remains unaffected by virtue or vice. The inner ruler is the real enjoyer of everything yet the ego in ignorance thinks that it is the enjoyer!

The mouse also represents the uncontrolled and negative mind that lives in the dark hidden places and destroys for the sake of destroying. Gaṇeśa, representing wisdom can control the mind by riding on it but the mind can never be completely crushed.

(Source): Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Inner Circle IV
Śilpaśāstra book cover
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Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of mushika or musika in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A slave woman of King Yava (see the Musika Jataka). One day, on going to prepare the kings bath, she saw his son, sword in hand, waiting to kill him. When the prince found he was discovered, he cut Musika in two and threw her into the lake. J.iii.217.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

mūsika : (m.) a rat; mouse. || mūsikā (f.) a rat; mouse.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Mūsika, (m.) & mūsikā (f.) (Vedic mūṣikā, fr. mūṣ) a mouse D. II, 107=Pug. 43 (f.); Vism. 109 (m.), 252= KhA 46 (m.); Mhvs 5, 30 (m.); VbhA. 235.

—cchinna (auguries from the marks on cloth (gnawed by mice) D. I, 9 (mūsikā°; DA. I, 92 mūsika°=undurakhāyitaṃ; cp. Dial. I. 17). —darī a mouse-hole J. I, 462 (mūsikā°, so read for musikā°). —patha “Mouseroad” N. of a road Nd1 155, 415 (here mūsikā°). —potikā the young of a mouse J. IV, 188 (mūsika°). —vijjā mouse craft D. I, 9 (cp. DA. I, 93). (Page 540)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 14 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Musika Jataka
Mūsika, (m.) & mūsikā (f.) (Vedic mūṣikā, fr. mūṣ) a mouse D. II, 107=Pug. 43 (f.); Vism. 109 ...
Musikanagara
Musikanagara (मुसिकनगर).—Hathigumpha inscription of Khāravela describes a city, the name of whi...
Yava
Yava (यव, “barley”) refers to one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Ś...
Vinayaka
Vināyaka (विनायक).—The Baijavāpa-gṛhya (quoted by Aparārka p.563 on Yāj. I.275) says that there...
Roga
rōga (रोग).—m Disease. Vexation at another's success.
Kanaka
kanaka (कनक).—n Gold. Thorn-apple. kanaka nārāyaṇa A wealthy person-a Croesus.
Dari
darī (दरी).—f (Dim. of darā q.v.) A chasm or cleft amongst hills; a gully, or a dingle or glen.
Mousikanos
Mousikanos appears to be a territorial title, as Curtus calls the people Musicani. Lassen takes...
Prasaha
Prasaha (प्रसह) is the Sanskrit name for a group of animals referring to “animals and ...
Potaka
Potaka, (-°) (fr. pota1) 1. the young of an animal M. I, 104 (kukkuṭa°); J. I, 202 (supaṇṇa°),...
Roga Sutta
Roga, (Vedic roga: ruj (see rujati), cp. Sk. rujā breakage, illness) illness, disease.—The defn...
Uṇṇa
Unna, (pp. of ud, unatti & undati, see udaka) in phrase pīti-vegen’unna “bubbling up with the e...
Bileshaya
Animals such as, the Shvāvit, Shalyaka, Godhā, Shasha, Vrish...
Parna-mriga
Animals such as the Madgu, the arboreal Musika, the Vriksha-Shāyika, ...

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