Mushika, aka: Mūsika, Musika, Mūṣika, Muṣika, Mūsīkā, Mūṣikā, Mūṣīka, Mūṣīkā; 12 Definition(s)


Mushika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mūṣika and Muṣika and Mūṣikā and Mūṣīka and Mūṣīkā can be transliterated into English as Musika or Mushika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Mūṣika (मूषिक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “rat” or “mouse”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Mūṣika is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mūṣika (मूषिक)—Sanskrit word for an animal corresponding to “tree rat” (Vandeleuria oleracea). This animal is from the group called Parṇa-mṛga (‘tree dwellers’ or ‘tree-dwelling arboreal animals’). Parṇa-mṛga itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Mushika in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Muṣika (मुषिक):—A country under Kanakas (Wilson’s suggested identification with the pirate coast of the Konkan).

Source: Google Books: The Purana Index

Mūṣika (मूषिक).—An ancient merchant. In the Kathāpīṭhalambaka of Kathāsaritsāgara a story is told to demonstrate that even without any capital an ingenious and industrious man can earn money.

A merchant got this name by means of his industry. Once a poor man of no resources went to the house of a great merchant named Viśākhila. He was then admonishing a young man of his own caste. The merchant was saying, "See, here is a dead rat on the ground. A clever man would earn money by using this as a capital. To you I have given money for business on several occasions. Not only that you have not increased it but also you have lost it."

The poor man who went to him requested the merchant to give him the dead rat. Viśākhila greatly amused at the request gave him the rat. A rich man bought it for his cat to eat and gave him instead two measures of Bengal gram. He roasted it and made it palatable and then with a pot of water went outside the city gates and sat under a tree on the road-side. Wood-cutters were passing that way carrying loads and he sold the roasted gram and water to them who purchased it with eagerness to ease their weariness. They gave him in exchange firewood and in the evening he took it to the market and sold it. With the money he purchased more Bengal gram and continued the trade as before and after a few days he purchased from them a great stock of firewood. Suddenly there were heavy rains and there was a scarcity of firewood in the market and he sold his stock for good price. With the money thus received he purchased some goods and started a grocery shop. Gradually his business increased and he became a big merchant. Because he started the business from a Mūṣika (rat) he got the nick-name Mūṣika.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Muṣika (मुषिक).—(c)—a country under Kanakas (Wilson's suggested identification with the pirate coast of the Konkan).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 67.

2a) Mūṣika (मूषिक).—(c)—a southern country.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 56.

2b) A tribe of the Dakṣiṇāpatha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 125.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Muṣika refers to the “mouse vehicle of Gaṇeśa”.—The mouse is the master of the inner part of every building, and as such it represents the Ātman or the Self. The Self lives in the innermost recesses of the intellect, within the heart of every being.

Muṣika is derived the word muṣ which means to steal. The Inner Ruler (Ātman) steals everything that we enjoy, hidden from our view it enjoys all the pleasures and remains unaffected by virtue or vice. The inner ruler is the real enjoyer of everything yet the ego in ignorance thinks that it is the enjoyer!

The Mouse (muṣika) also represents the uncontrolled and negative mind that lives in the dark hidden places and destroys for the sake of destroying. Gaṇeśa, representing wisdom can control the mind by riding on it but the mind can never be completely crushed.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Inner Circle IV

Mūṣika (मूषिक, “rat”) refers to a type of animal form, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The animals and birds found as vehicles for the deities or held as attributes or weapons in the hands of the deities are, for example, Mūṣika.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A slave woman of King Yava (see the Musika Jataka). One day, on going to prepare the kings bath, she saw his son, sword in hand, waiting to kill him. When the prince found he was discovered, he cut Musika in two and threw her into the lake. J.iii.217.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Mushika in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

mūsika : (m.) a rat; mouse. || mūsikā (f.) a rat; mouse.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Mūsika, (m.) & mūsikā (f.) (Vedic mūṣikā, fr. mūṣ) a mouse D. II, 107=Pug. 43 (f.); Vism. 109 (m.), 252= KhA 46 (m.); Mhvs 5, 30 (m.); VbhA. 235.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mūṣikā (मूषिका).—

1) A female rat.

2) A crucible.

3) An air-hole.

See also (synonyms): mūṣā.

--- OR ---

Mūṣika (मूषिक).—

1) A rat; पश्य मूषिकमात्रेण कपोता मुक्तबन्धनाः (paśya mūṣikamātreṇa kapotā muktabandhanāḥ) H.

2) A thief.

3) The Śirīṣa tree.

4) Name of a country.

Derivable forms: mūṣikaḥ (मूषिकः).

--- OR ---

Mūṣīka (मूषीक) or Mūṣīkā (मूषीका).—A rat, mouse; मद्गेहे (madgehe) ...... मूषीब मार्जारिका (mūṣība mārjārikā) Sūkti.5.19.

Derivable forms: mūṣīkaḥ (मूषीकः).

See also (synonyms): mūṣī.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 44 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bālamūṣikā (बालमूषिका).—f. (-kā) A small rat or mouse. E. bāla small, mūṣikā a rat.
Mūṣikāṅka (मूषिकाङ्क).—m. (-ṅkaḥ) A name of Ganesa. E. mūṣika a rat, aṅka a mark or emblem; bei...
Mūṣikāñcana (मूषिकाञ्चन).—m. (-naḥ) A name of Ganesa. E. mūṣika a rat, and añcana going.
Pratimūṣikā (प्रतिमूषिका).—f. (-kā) A kind of rat.
Andhamūṣikā (अन्धमूषिका).—f. (-kā) The name of a grass. See devatāḍa.
Gandhamūṣika (गन्धमूषिक).—mf. (-kaḥ-kā) The musk-rat or shrew, (Sorex moschata;) also in the fe...
Mūṣikāda (मूषिकाद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.10, V.103.14) and represen...
Śuṇḍimūṣikā (शुण्डिमूषिका).—the musk-rat.Śuṇḍimūṣikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the t...
Śuṇḍamūṣikā (शुण्डमूषिका).—the musk rat (Mar. cicuṃdarī).Śuṇḍamūṣikā is a Sanskrit compound con...
Mūṣikārāti (मूषिकाराति).—a cat. Derivable forms: mūṣikārātiḥ (मूषिकारातिः).Mūṣikārāti is a Sans...
Mūṣikaviṣāṇa (मूषिकविषाण).—'the horn of a mouse', i. e. an impossibility; cf. शशविषाण, खपुष्प (...
Mūṣikasthala (मूषिकस्थल).—a molehill. Derivable forms: mūṣikasthalam (मूषिकस्थलम्).Mūṣikasthala...
Mūṣikaratha (मूषिकरथ).—epithets of Gaṇeśa. Derivable forms: mūṣikarathaḥ (मूषिकरथः).Mūṣikaratha...
Mūṣikotkara (मूषिकोत्कर).—a molehill. Derivable forms: mūṣikotkaraḥ (मूषिकोत्करः).Mūṣikotkara i...
Musikanagara (मुसिकनगर).—Hathigumpha inscription of Khāravela describes a city, the name of whi...

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