Musician: 2 definitions


Musician means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Musicians refers to a certain class of personalities which follows specific guidelines in the tradition of ancient Indian Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the rules of Painting of different classes have been elaborately discussed. Moreover, the costumes and accessories of different personalities in a picture are also described. The garments of bards, singers, dancers and musicians should be bright in colour.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of musician in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Genealogy of the South Indian Deities

Musicians and servants (in context to Devas) who are close to the gods are as follows:

  • The Kiṃnaras play on instruments and sing [simultaneously].
  • Tumburus and Nāradas are divine musicians.
  • Kiṃpuruṣas perform all the kinds of [musical] works at the command of gods.
  • Garuḍas and Gandharvas allow themselves to be used by Viṣṇu for various services
  • Paṉṉakars are artists who play with snakes before gods.
  • Siddhas can fly in the air.
  • Vidyādharas are the learned persons in the world of gods who understand all arts and sciences.
  • Kaṇanātars or Dūtas are messengers who are of three types (Śivadūtas, Viṣṇudūtas and Yamadūtas)

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