Mrigashirsha, Mriga-shirsha, Mṛgaśīrṣa: 15 definitions



Mrigashirsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛgaśīrṣa can be transliterated into English as Mrgasirsa or Mrigashirsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Mrigashirsha in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष, “deer-head”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Mṛga-śīrṣa (deer-head): in the above hand, the thumb andlittle finger are extended. Usage: women, cheek, traditionalmanners (krama-maryāda) , fear, discussion, costume of anactor (naipathya), place of residence, tête-á-tête, drawing three lines on the brow, patterns on the ground, massage of thefeet, combining, house, holding an umbrella, stair, placingthe feet, calling the beloved, roaming.

According to another book: the thumb and little finger areraised. It springs from Gauri, who used the Mṛga-śīrṣa hand todraw three lines on her forehead when practising tapas for the sake of Śiva. Its race is Ṛṣi, its sage is Mārkaṇḍeya, its colourwhite, its presiding deity Maheśvara. Usage: wall, deliberation, opportunity, place of residence, Padminī, Śaṅkhinī or Hastinī woman, slowness, applying sandal paste etc., gestures (abhinaya) of women, screen, stair, self-manifestation, order, having three lines drawn on the brow, consideration (vitarka) , deer-face, indicating one’s self, the body, Ṛṣi caste, white colour.

Source: Natya Shastra

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष, “deer-head”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The Sarpaśiras hand with all its fingers pointing downwards, but the thumb and the little finger raised up.

(Uses): It is moved to represent here, now, “It is,” to-day, able, shaking (ullasana), throw of dice, wiping off perspiration and pretended anger.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Mrigashirsha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Mṛgaśirṣa (मृगशिर्ष):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Mṛgaśirṣanakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Mṛgaśirṣa means “the deer’s head” and is associated with the deity known as Soma (God of the immortal elixir). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Maṅgala (Mars). Also known as Āgrahāyaṇī.

Indian zodiac: |23° 20' Vṛṣabha| – |6°40' Mithuna|
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ, ‘bull’) corresponds Taurus and Mithuna (मिथुन, ‘twins’) corresponds with Gemini.

Western zodiac: |19°20' Gemini| – |2°40' Cancer|
Gemini corresponds with Mithuna (मिथुन, ‘twins’) and Cancer corresponds with Karka (कर्क, “crab”).

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mrigashirsha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mṛgaṣīrṣa (मृगषीर्ष).—A nakṣatra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Mrigashirsha in Hinduism glossary
Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष) or Mṛgaśiras (मृगशिरस्), also called Invakā or Invagā, seems to be the faint stars λ, φ1, φ2 Orionis. They are called Andhakā, ‘blind’, in the Śāntikalpa of the Atharvaveda, probably because of their dimness.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrigashirsha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष).—the constellation मृगशिरस् (mṛgaśiras).

-rṣaḥ the lunar month Mārgaśīrṣa.

Derivable forms: mṛgaśīrṣam (मृगशीर्षम्).

Mṛgaśīrṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mṛga and śīrṣa (शीर्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष).—name of a nāga king: Kāraṇḍavvūha 2.12; Mahā-Māyūrī 246.28.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष).—m.

(-rṣaḥ) The constellation Mrigaśiras: see the last. E. mṛga a deer, and śīrṣa the head; also f. (-rṣā) .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष).—m. the fifth lunar mansion, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 16, 18.

— Cf. probably [Old High German.] and A. S. hals; [Latin] collum; see śiras.

Mṛgaśīrṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mṛga and śīrṣa (शीर्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष).—[neuter] [Name] of a lunar mansion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष):—[=mṛga-śīrṣa] [from mṛga > mṛg] n. the Nakṣatra Mṛga-śiras, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. born under that N°, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] ([varia lectio] mārgaś, mārgaśira)

3) [v.s. ...] m. the month Mārgaśīrṣa, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] position of the hands (also ṣaka), [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a serpent-king, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष):—[mṛga-śīrṣa] (rṣaḥ) 1. m. Orion.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष):——

1) n. = mṛgaśiras 1). —

2) Adj. unter dem Mondhaus Mṛgaśiras geboren. v.l. mārga und mārgaśira. —

3) m. — a) der Monat Mātgaśirṣa. — b) eine best. Stellung der Hand. — c) Nomen proprium eines Schlangenfürsten [Kāraṇḍavyūha 2,12.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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