Mrigashirsha, aka: Mriga-shirsha, Mṛgaśīrṣa; 7 Definition(s)
Mrigashirsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Mṛgaśīrṣa can be transliterated into English as Mrgasirsa or Mrigashirsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष, “deer-head”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Mṛga-śīrṣa (deer-head): in the above hand, the thumb andlittle finger are extended. Usage: women, cheek, traditionalmanners (krama-maryāda) , fear, discussion, costume of anactor (naipathya), place of residence, tête-á-tête, drawing three lines on the brow, patterns on the ground, massage of thefeet, combining, house, holding an umbrella, stair, placingthe feet, calling the beloved, roaming.
According to another book: the thumb and little finger areraised. It springs from Gauri, who used the Mṛga-śīrṣa hand todraw three lines on her forehead when practising tapas for the sake of Śiva. Its race is Ṛṣi, its sage is Mārkaṇḍeya, its colourwhite, its presiding deity Maheśvara. Usage: wall, deliberation, opportunity, place of residence, Padminī, Śaṅkhinī or Hastinī woman, slowness, applying sandal paste etc., gestures (abhinaya) of women, screen, stair, self-manifestation, order, having three lines drawn on the brow, consideration (vitarka) , deer-face, indicating one’s self, the body, Ṛṣi caste, white colour.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष, “deer-head”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The Sarpaśiras hand with all its fingers pointing downwards, but the thumb and the little finger raised up.
(Uses): It is moved to represent here, now, “It is,” to-day, able, shaking (ullasana), throw of dice, wiping off perspiration and pretended anger.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Mṛgaśirṣa (मृगशिर्ष):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Mṛgaśirṣanakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Mṛgaśirṣa means “the deer’s head” and is associated with the deity known as Soma (God of the immortal elixir). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Maṅgala (Mars). Also known as Āgrahāyaṇī.
Indian zodiac: |23° 20' Vṛṣabha| – |6°40' Mithuna|
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ, ‘bull’) corresponds Taurus and Mithuna (मिथुन, ‘twins’) corresponds with Gemini.
Western zodiac: |19°20' Gemini| – |2°40' Cancer|
Gemini corresponds with Mithuna (मिथुन, ‘twins’) and Cancer corresponds with Karka (कर्क, “crab”).
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Mṛgaṣīrṣa (मृगषीर्ष).—A nakṣatra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 6.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष) or Mṛgaśiras (मृगशिरस्), also called Invakā or Invagā, seems to be the faint stars λ, φ1, φ2 Orionis. They are called Andhakā, ‘blind’, in the Śāntikalpa of the Atharvaveda, probably because of their dimness.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Languages of India and abroad
Mṛgaśīrṣa (मृगशीर्ष).—the constellation मृगशिरस् (mṛgaśiras).
-rṣaḥ the lunar month Mārgaśīrṣa.
Derivable forms: mṛgaśīrṣam (मृगशीर्षम्).
Mṛgaśīrṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mṛga and śīrṣa (शीर्ष).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Śirṣā (शिर्षा) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in ...
Mṛgarāja (मृगराज).—1) a lion; शिलाविभङ्गैर्मृगराजशावस्तुङ्गं नगोत्सङ्ग- मिवारुरोह (śilāvibhaṅga...
Mṛgaśira (मृगशिर).—n., Derivable forms: mṛgaśiraḥ (मृगशिरः).Mṛgaśira is a Sanskrit compound con...
Mṛgamātṛkā (मृगमातृका).—a doe. Mṛgamātṛkā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mṛga a...
Krīḍāmṛga (क्रीडामृग).—a toy-deer; विक्रीडितो यथैवाहं क्रीडामृग इवाधमः (vikrīḍito yathaivāhaṃ k...
Gośīrṣa (गोशीर्ष).—a kind of sandal; Kau. A.2.11. 2) a kind of weapon (arrow ?); Mb.7.178. 23. ...
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Search found 5 books and stories containing Mrigashirsha, Mriga-shirsha or Mṛgaśīrṣa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)