Mriduta, Mṛdutā: 9 definitions


Mriduta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛdutā can be transliterated into English as Mrduta or Mriduta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mṛdutā (मृदुता, “softness”) refers to one of the attributes of kapha (one of the three biological humors, or tridoṣa). Mṛdutā is characterised by a pleasing appearance, soft skin and hair, tenderness and clarity of complexion. Kapha represents the “water element” of the human body and is situated in the śiras (head).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mriduta in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Mṛdutā (मृदुता) or Mṛdutva is a synonym for Laghutva (Laghutā), which refers to “suppleness of body” and represents one of the various signs and paranormal powers (siddhi) experienced by the Yoga practicioner, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise (presented in the form of a dialogue between Īśvara and Vāmadeva).—The last fifty-two verses of the Amanaska’s first chapter describe a temporal sequence of psychosomatic signs and paranormal powers (siddhi) brought about by absorption (laya). [...] It informs practitioners of the initial experiences they may have while immersed in absorption [e.g., Suppleness (laghutva) and lustre of body], and thus provides them with some idea of their progress in the practice, [...]. On suppleness (laghutva), see Dattātreyayogaśāstra 68, Haṭhapradīpikā 1.17, 2.13; Yogayājñavalkya 5.21; Haṭharatnāvalī 3.89; Śāṇḍilyopaniṣat 7.4; Yogasāramañjarī (quoted in the Yogasārasaṅgraha p. 27), etc.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛdutā (मृदुता).—

1) Softness, tenderness.

2) Weakness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛdutā (मृदुता).—f.

(-tā) Softness. E. tal added to mṛdu; also with tva, mṛdutvaṃ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛdutā (मृदुता).—[mṛdu + tā], f. Softness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛdutā (मृदुता):—[=mṛdu-tā] [from mṛdu > mṛd] f. softness, tenderness, mildness, weakness (tāṃgam or √vraj, to become mild or weak), [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛdutā (मृदुता):—(tā) 1. f. Softness.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mriduta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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