Mithyatva, Mithyātva: 16 definitions


Mithyatva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Mithyatva in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mithyātva: Sanskrit for 'illusory character'. A term used in Advaita Vedānta.

Source: Springer: Analysis of the Second and Fourth Definitions of Mithyātva

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व, “falsity”).—Two among the five definitions of falsity (mithyātva) presented by Madhusūdana Sarasvatī (MS) in his magnum opus, the Advaitasiddhi:

1) The second definition (dvitīya-mithyātva) of falsity examined is Prakāśātman’s: “falsity is the property of being the counter-positive of the absolute absence of an entity in the [same] locus in which it is perceived.”

2) The fourth definition (caturtha-mithyātva) investigated was first given by Citsukha (Citsukhācārya, XIII century): “falsity is the property of being the counter-positive of the absolute absence residing in its own locus.”

In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व) refers to the opposite of ‘samyaktva’—“a correct belief or faith”, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 398, l. 10]

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General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Mithyatva in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व, “wrong faith”) refers to “the urges that lead to deluded” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).

Kriyā (‘activities’, such as mithyātva) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Jaina Yoga

1) Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व) refers to the direct opposite of samyaktva, and is defined by Hemacandra (Yogaśāstra verse 2.17) as belief in false divinities, false gurus, and false scriptures.

For the Śvetāmbaras mithyātva may be of five types (see the Nava-pada-prakaraṇa by Devagupta with Laghu-vṛtti):

  1. ābhigrahika,
  2. anābhigrahika,
  3. ābhiniveśika,
  4. sāṃśayika,
  5. anābhogika.

The Digambaras prefer a division into three types (see Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta by Āśādhara):

  1. agṛhīta,
  2. gṛhīta,
  3. sāṃśayika.

Or else a sevenfold category (see the Śrāvakācāra by Amitagati):

  1. ekāntika,
  2. sāṃśayika,
  3. vainayika,
  4. gṛhīta,
  5. viparīta,
  6. naisargika,
  7. mūḍha-dṛṣṭi.

2) Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व, “false belief”) refers to a subclass of the interal (abhyantara) division of parigraha (attachment) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Amṛtacandra (in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 116), Somadeva, and Āśādhara among the Digambaras and Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra 7.24) among the Śvetāmbaras mention fourteen varieties  of abhyantara-parigraha (for example, mithyātva).

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व) refers to one of the Fourteen Guṇasthānas (“steps on the road to emancipation”) according to Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”).—Mithyātva is divided into vyakta and avyakta. In the avyakta-stage, a jīva has complete delusion and can make no distinction at all between dharma and non-dharma, between a god and non-god, and between a guru and non-guru. In the vyakta-stage, he knows there is a difference, but mistakes a non-Deva for a Deva, etc. It is only vyaktamithyātva that constitutes a guṇasthāna.

Mithyātva is also divided according to duration:

  1. anādyanta, without beginning and without end.
  2. anādisānta, without beginning and with end.
  3. sādisānta, with beginning and with end.

Mithyātva includes all 14 classes of jīvas. For a jīva that has not yet attained saṃyaktva, no fixed duration of this guṇasthāna can be given. For one who has fallen from samyaktva, the minimum is an antarmuhūrta, and the maximum less than a half of pudgalaparāvarta.—(Lp. 3.1209. Pudgalaparāvarta is the time that a Jīva must remain in material existence.)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व).—One of the activities (kriyā) of transmigression-extending influx (sāmparāyika).—Activities like worshipping the false omniscient, scriptures and teachers which weaken the right faith are called mithyātva-kriyā.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व) refers to “wrong belief” and is classified as one of the three types of Darśanamohanīya (“faith deluding”) karmas according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. This Darśanamohanīya represents one of the two main divisions of the Mohanīya (“deluding”) karmas, which is one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage), which in turn is one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha). What is meant by wrong belief karmas (mithyātva)? The karma which rise of which turns a living being believer of reality and its nature as described by the omniscient are called wrong belief karma.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व) refers to the “wrong faith”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Sentient beings, inflamed by very intense pleasure [and] unsteady from affliction by wrong faith (mithyātvamithyātvātaṅkaśaṅkitāḥ), wander about in a five-fold life that is difficult to be traversed. It has been stated at length that the cycle of rebirth which is full of suffering is five-fold on account of combining substance, place, right time, life and intention”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mithyatva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व).—

1) Falsity, unreality.

2) Illusion, error.

3) Inversion.

4) Perversion.

Derivable forms: mithyātvam (मिथ्यात्वम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mithyatva (मिथ्यत्व).—= (Sanskrit) mithyātva, see °tva-niyata and s.v. rāśi.

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Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व).—(°-) (also written mithyatva-)-niyata, adj. (= Pali micchatta-niyata), fixed in falsehood, epithet of one of the three rāśi of creatures; q.v. for references.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व):—[=mithyā-tva] [from mithyā > mith] n. falsity, unreality, [Kapila [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) perversion (as one of the 18 faults) or illusion (as the lowest of the 14 steps which lead to final emancipation), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

[Sanskrit to German]

Mithyatva in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mithyatva in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व):—(nm) falsehood, untruthfulness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mithyatva in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mithyātva (ಮಿಥ್ಯಾತ್ವ):—

1) [noun] = ಮಿಥ್ಯೆ - [mithye -] 1 & 2.

2) [noun] (jain.) lack of faith or trust in the teachings of Jainism; perversion or illusion.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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