Mithyatva, Mithyātva: 9 definitions

Introduction

Mithyatva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mithyatva in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mithyātva: Sanskrit for 'illusory character'. A term used in Advaita Vedānta.

Source: Springer: Analysis of the Second and Fourth Definitions of Mithyātva

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व, “falsity”).—Two among the five definitions of falsity (mithyātva) presented by Madhusūdana Sarasvatī (MS) in his magnum opus, the Advaitasiddhi:

1) The second definition (dvitīya-mithyātva) of falsity examined is Prakāśātman’s: “falsity is the property of being the counter-positive of the absolute absence of an entity in the [same] locus in which it is perceived.”

2) The fourth definition (caturtha-mithyātva) investigated was first given by Citsukha (Citsukhācārya, XIII century): “falsity is the property of being the counter-positive of the absolute absence residing in its own locus.”

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mithyatva in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व, “wrong faith”) refers to “the urges that lead to deluded” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).

Kriyā (‘activities’, such as mithyātva) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

1) Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व) refers to the direct opposite of samyaktva, and is defined by Hemacandra (Yogaśāstra verse 2.17) as belief in false divinities, false gurus, and false scriptures.

For the Śvetāmbaras mithyātva may be of five types (see the Nava-pada-prakaraṇa by Devagupta with Laghu-vṛtti):

  1. ābhigrahika,
  2. anābhigrahika,
  3. ābhiniveśika,
  4. sāṃśayika,
  5. anābhogika.

The Digambaras prefer a division into three types (see Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta by Āśādhara):

  1. agṛhīta,
  2. gṛhīta,
  3. sāṃśayika.

Or else a sevenfold category (see the Śrāvakācāra by Amitagati):

  1. ekāntika,
  2. sāṃśayika,
  3. vainayika,
  4. gṛhīta,
  5. viparīta,
  6. naisargika,
  7. mūḍha-dṛṣṭi.

2) Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व, “false belief”) refers to a subclass of the interal (abhyantara) division of parigraha (attachment) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Amṛtacandra (in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 116), Somadeva, and Āśādhara among the Digambaras and Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra 7.24) among the Śvetāmbaras mention fourteen varieties  of abhyantara-parigraha (for example, mithyātva).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व).—One of the activities (kriyā) of transmigression-extending influx (sāmparāyika).—Activities like worshipping the false omniscient, scriptures and teachers which weaken the right faith are called mithyātva-kriyā.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व) refers to “wrong belief” and is classified as one of the three types of Darśanamohanīya (“faith deluding”) karmas according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. This Darśanamohanīya represents one of the two main divisions of the Mohanīya (“deluding”) karmas, which is one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage), which in turn is one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha). What is meant by wrong belief karmas (mithyātva)? The karma which rise of which turns a living being believer of reality and its nature as described by the omniscient are called wrong belief karma.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mithyatva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व).—

1) Falsity, unreality.

2) Illusion, error.

3) Inversion.

4) Perversion.

Derivable forms: mithyātvam (मिथ्यात्वम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mithyatva (मिथ्यत्व).—= (Sanskrit) mithyātva, see °tva-niyata and s.v. rāśi.

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Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व).—(°-) (also written mithyatva-)-niyata, adj. (= Pali micchatta-niyata), fixed in falsehood, ep. of one of the three rāśi of creatures; q.v. for references.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mithyātva (मिथ्यात्व):—[=mithyā-tva] [from mithyā > mith] n. falsity, unreality, [Kapila [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) perversion (as one of the 18 faults) or illusion (as the lowest of the 14 steps which lead to final emancipation), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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