Avashyaka, Āvaśyaka: 18 definitions


Avashyaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Āvaśyaka can be transliterated into English as Avasyaka or Avashyaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Avashyak.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—Necessary notion or thing; cf ओरावश्यके । आवश्यंभाव आवश्यकम् (orāvaśyake | āvaśyaṃbhāva āvaśyakam) Kāś. on III.1.125, III.3.170.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Avashyaka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक) refers to “immediate (duties)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.53 (“Description of Śiva’s return journey”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “Then Viṣṇu and other gods, the sages and ascetics sent message to the mountain about their intention to leave after finishing their immediate duties (āvaśyaka-karman). Then the lord of mountains finished his ceremonial ablution and the worship of his favourite deity. Calling his kinsmen in the city, he came to the audience hall joyously. There he worshipped the lord with pleasure and requested him to stay in his house for a few days more along with all the people. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Avashyaka in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक) are singing hymns to the 24 Jinas Stavana, Vandanā, Pratikramaṇa, Kāyotsarga.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—According to the sūtras of the Dharma-bindu-sūtra and Hemacandra (Yogaśāstra 3.122-132), after the morning’s work the layman (śrāvaka) is to make the midday pūja before taking his meal. The afternoon he spends in questioning the monks about the scriptures after which he performs the evening pūja and the āvaśyakas.

The six daily āvaśyakas or “necessary duties” are traditionally:

  1. sāmāyika,
  2. caturviṃśati-stava,
  3. vandanaka,
  4. pratikramaṇa,
  5. pratyākhyāna,
  6. kāyotsarga.

The numbering of the āvaśyakas is that of the Śvetāmbaras; the Digambaras reverse the positions of kāyotsarga and pratyākhyāna.

Source: Jain eLibrary: Jainism

Avashyaka’s are essential practices in order to remove impurities, such as Mithyatva (false knowledge about self) and Kashayas (anger, ego, deceit etc..)

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avashyaka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—a (S) Certain, necessary, positive; absolutely sure or requisite to happen or to be done.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

avaśyaka (अवश्यक).—ad Certainly, surely, of course.

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āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—a Certain, positive, necessary.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avashyaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avaśyaka (अवश्यक).—a. Necessary, inevitable, indispensable.

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Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—a. (- f.) [अवश्य वुञ् (avaśya vuñ)] Inevitable, necessary; ऐतष्वावश्यकस्त्वसौ (aitaṣvāvaśyakastvasau) Bhāṣā. P.22,2.

-kam 1 Necessity, inevitable act or duty. °कृ (kṛ) to do what nature compels one to do; उत्थायावश्यकं कृत्वा (utthāyāvaśyakaṃ kṛtvā) Manusmṛti 4.93; Bhāgavata 9.4.37.

2) An inevitable conclusion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avaśyaka (अवश्यक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Necessary, inevitable, indispensable. E. avaśya and kan aff.

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Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Mecessity, inevitable act or conclusion. E. avaśya certain, affs. aṇ and kan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—i. e. avaśya + m + ka, I. adj. Necessary, inevitable, Bhāṣāp. 21. Ii. n. Necessity, that which must be done, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 8, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—[feminine] ī necessary, inevitable ([neuter] & [feminine] [abstract]); kaṃ kṛ perform the necessities of nature.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक):—mfn. ([from] avaśya), necessary, inevitable [commentator or commentary] on [Kumāra-sambhava] and, [Raghuvaṃśa]

2) n. necessity, inevitable act or conclusion, [Pāṇini]

3) religious duty, [Jaina literature]

4) a call of nature, [Manu-smṛti]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avaśyaka (अवश्यक):—[a-vaśyaka] (kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a. Necessary.

2) Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āussiya, Āvasiya, Āvassaga, Āvassaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avashyaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avashyaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक) [Also spelled avashyak]:—(a) necessary; essential; binding, obligatory; also ~[kīya] (a).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avashyaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āvaśyaka (ಆವಶ್ಯಕ):—[adjective] necessary a) that cannot be dispensed with; essential; indispensable; b) resulting from necessity; inevitable; c) i) that must be done; mandatory; not voluntary; required; ii) not free to choose; compelled by circumstances; d) inherent in the situation; undeniable; unavoidable from the premises.

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Āvaśyaka (ಆವಶ್ಯಕ):—[noun] (Jain.) any of the unavoidable, mandatory acts or duties of a sage, daily.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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