Avashyaka, aka: Āvaśyaka; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Avashyaka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Āvaśyaka can be transliterated into English as Avasyaka or Avashyaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—According to the sūtras of the Dharma-bindu-sūtra and Hemacandra (Yogaśāstra 3.122-132), after the morning’s work the layman (śrāvaka) is to make the midday pūja before taking his meal. The afternoon he spends in questioning the monks about the scriptures after which he performs the evening pūja and the āvaśyakas.

The six daily āvaśyakas or “necessary duties” are traditionally:

  1. sāmāyika,
  2. caturviṃśati-stava,
  3. vandanaka,
  4. pratikramaṇa,
  5. pratyākhyāna,
  6. kāyotsarga.

The numbering of the āvaśyakas is that of the Śvetāmbaras; the Digambaras reverse the positions of kāyotsarga and pratyākhyāna.

(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Avashyaka’s are essential practices in order to remove impurities, such as Mithyatva (false knowledge about self) and Kashayas (anger, ego, deceit etc..)

(Source): Jain eLibrary: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—a (S) Certain, necessary, positive; absolutely sure or requisite to happen or to be done.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avaśyaka (अवश्यक).—ad Certainly, surely, of course.

--- OR ---

āvaśyaka (आवश्यक).—a Certain, positive, necessary.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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