Mithyadarshana, aka: Mithya-darshana, Mithyādarśana; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mithyadarshana means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mithyādarśana can be transliterated into English as Mithyadarsana or Mithyadarshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Mithyādarśana (मिथ्यादर्शन) refers to “to promote deluded views beliefs” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).

Kriyā (‘activities’, such as mithyādarśana) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Mithyādarśana (मिथ्यादर्शन, “worng beliefs”) refers to a category of dispositions (bhāva) due to the rising of karmas (audayika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.6. What is the meaning of wrong belief (mithyā-darśana)? Development of wrong belief in the realities due to the activation /rise of the intuition-deluding (darśana-mohanīya) karmas is called wrong belief. Which type of wrong belief is mentioned in the aphorism? The wrong belief due to rising of karmas (audayika-bhāva) is mentioned in the aphorism.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Mithyādarśana (मिथ्यादर्शन, “wrong belief”) refers to one of the five causes of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 8.2.—Belief in things as they are is right belief. Opposite of right belief is wrong belief (mithyā-darśana). How many types of wrong belief are there? There are two types of wrong belief namely derived from teachings (grahīta) and natural (agrahīta). What is meant by natural wrong belief? The manifestation of disbelief in the true nature of reality caused without the teachings from others but by the rise of the wrong belief karmas (which are associated with the soul from the beginning-less time) and is of the nature of wrong perception of the nature of soul is the natural wrong belief. What is meant by wrong belief derived from teachings? The belief acquired due to the wrong /pervert sermons and texts of others is wrong belief derived from teachings.

How can one eliminate wrong belief (mithyādarśana)? One can eliminate ‘wrong belief caused by teachings’ by first understanding the true nature of right worthy persons (gods), right scriptures and right conduct. The natural wrong belief can be eliminated by learning the true nature of the soul and then experiencing the same. 

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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