Samparayika, Samparāyika, Sāmparāyika, Saṃparāyika, Sāṃparāyika: 9 definitions

Introduction

Samparayika means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samparayika in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Sāmparāyika (साम्परायिक).—One of the two types of āsrava (influx).—What is meant by transmigression- extending / sāmparāyika influx? The influx which results in transmigression only is called transmigression- extending influx.

Who acquires transmigression-extending influx? Living beings tainted with passions and performing activities accrue transmigression- extending influx. In which stages of spiritual purity, transmigression- extend influx possible? It can occur during 1st to 10th stages of spiritual purification.

There are twenty five transmigression-extending (sāmparāyika) activities (kriyā), namely:

  1. right faith (samyaktva),
  2. urges that lead to deluded / wrong faith (mithyātva),
  3. evil urges of body (prayoga),
  4. neglect of vows (samādāna),
  5. walking carefully (īryāpatha),
  6. acting in anger (prādoṣikī),
  7. act in an evil way (kāyikī),
  8. taking weapons (ādhikaraṇikī),
  9. extending misery (pāritāpikī),
  10. injuring life-forces (prāṇātipātikī),
  11. to see beautiful things (darśana),
  12. to have pleasurable touch (sparśana),
  13. to explore new sense of enjoyments (prātyayikī),
  14. excreting on places frequented by others (samantānupāta),
  15. carelessness while lying down (anābhoga),
  16. undertaking others’ duties (svahasta),
  17. approval of de-meritorious (nisarga),
  18. proclaiming other’s sins (vidāraṇa),
  19. misinterpretation of scriptures (ajñāvyāpādikī),
  20. indifference to observe scriptural commandments (anākāṅkṣa),
  21. indulgence (prārambha),
  22. to maintain attachment to worldly objects (pārigrāhikī),
  23. deceitful practice (māyā),
  24. to promote deluded views beliefs (mithyādarśana),
  25. not renounce renounce-able things (apratyākhyāna).
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samparayika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samparāyika : (adj.) belonging to the next world.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samparāyika, (adj.) (fr. last) belonging to the next world Vin. I, 179; III, 21; D. II, 240; III, 130; A. III, 49, 364; IV, 285; M. I, 87; It. 17, 39; J. II, 74. (Page 691)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samparayika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃparāyika (संपरायिक).—Encounter, war, battle.

Derivable forms: saṃparāyikam (संपरायिकम्).

See also (synonyms): saṃparāyaka.

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Sāṃparāyika (सांपरायिक).—a. (- f.)

1) Warlike; relating to or prepared for battle; पित्रा संवर्धितो नित्यं कृतास्त्रः सांपरायिकः (pitrā saṃvardhito nityaṃ kṛtāstraḥ sāṃparāyikaḥ) R.7.62.

2) Military, strategic; सांपरायिकः (sāṃparāyikaḥ) (durgaḥ) Kau. A.2.2.

3) Calamitous.

4) Relating to the other world; द्वे चान्ते सांपरायिके (dve cānte sāṃparāyike) Mb.3.314.9.

5) Obsequial; भ्रातुर्ज्यैष्ठस्य पुत्रेण यदुक्तं सांपरायिकम् (bhrāturjyaiṣṭhasya putreṇa yaduktaṃ sāṃparāyikam) (kuru) A. Rām.4.3.4.

-kam War, battle, conflict; कुर्वाणानां सांपरायान्तरायम् (kurvāṇānāṃ sāṃparāyāntarāyam) Śi. 18.8.

-kaḥ A war-chariot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃparāyika (संपरायिक).—adj. (= Pali id., Sanskrit sāṃpa°; compare saṃparāya), of a life after death: Udānavarga iv.26 (Lévi JA 1912, Pt. 2, 269), contrasted with dṛṣṭadhārmika. But Chakra- varti, Udānavarga p. 48, assumes that sāṃpa° was read, as in Sanskrit; is Lévi's form a misprint? (There are rather numerous misprints in this text.) The Sanskrit (or Sktized) adj. sāṃ°, q.v., is otherwise well known in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]: Udānavarga v.22; Mahāvyutpatti 2981; 8355; Mahāvastu iii.212.6, 8, 9; Bodhisattvabhūmi 176.24, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samparāyika (सम्परायिक).—n.

(-kaṃ) War, battle. E. samparāya war, ṭhan aff.; also samparāyaka .

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Sāmparāyika (साम्परायिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Future, of or in a future state of being. 2. Calamitous. 3. Relating to war or battle. n.

(-kaṃ) War, battle. m.

(-kaḥ) A war-chariot. E. samparāya futurity, &c., and ṭhak or ṭhañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmparāyika (साम्परायिक).—i. e. saṃparāya + ika, I. adj. 1. Relating to war, military, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 185; warlike, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 17, 62. 2. Calamitous. 3. Future, relating to a future state, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 30. Ii. n. War, battle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāṃparāyika (सांपरायिक).—[feminine] ī & ā relating to the other world, future; useful in the time of need; relating to war, martial.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sāmparāyika (साम्परायिक):—[from sāmparāya] mf(ā or ī)n. ([gana] saṃtāpādi) relating to the future or to the passage into another world, future (with phala n. ‘reward in the next world’; kaṃ-√kṛ, ‘to prepare for death’ or ‘to perform funeral ceremonies for [genitive case]’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] relating to or prepared for battle, martial, warlike, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] salutary or helpful in time of need, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. (with or [scilicet] ratha) a war-chariot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. war, battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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