Tva; 4 Definition(s)


Tva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Tva (त्व).—tad. affix त्व (tva) in the sense of duty, nature or essence, prescribed optionally with the affix तल् (tal) (ता ()); e. g. अश्वत्वम्, गोत्वम्, अश्वता, गोता (aśvatvam, gotvam, aśvatā, gotā); cf तस्य भावस्त्वतलौ (tasya bhāvastvatalau) P. V. 1.119, also cf त्वतलोर्गुणवचनस्य (tvatalorguṇavacanasya) P. VI. 3. 35 Vart.lo.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

tva (त्व).—An affix to Sanskrit adjectives and nouns to form the noun abstract. All such formations are neuter. As they demand no interpretation, and no further notice than the following exhibition of the distinction betwixt these formations and those with the affix tā, they, with the exception of certain few pertaining to Heads ii and iii., do not appear in this dictionary. These two affixes, tva & tā, are understood by Sanskrit grammarians and scholars to be, excepting only in gender, equivalent. But they are not thus equivalent:--they demand other exceptions. In being adjuncts for the formation of the abstract noun, and in being in some few instances justly interchangeable and in some other few laxly confounded, they agree; but they differ--First, In that, whilst forms the abstract from adjectives, tva, although, likewise, forming it from adjectives, forms it mainly from nouns--concrete nouns: Secondly, In that, whilst forms abstracts of quality, tva forms abstracts of office or function, state or condition, and of the stages or periods of life; thus answering to ness, tva to ship and hood: Thirdly, In that, whilst & tva both form abstract terms expressing attributes or properties, there pertains preferableness or greater eligibility to tva: Fourthly, In that tā, even in the cases common to & tva, is the popular or familiar affix, and tva the scholastic or ornate affix. Of the first and second particulars of difference exemplification may be adduced in yōgyatā, arhatā, ārdratā, uṣṇatā--abstracts from adjectives, answering to fitness, wetness &c.; and in rājatva, pradhānatva, paṇḍitatva, śiṣyatva, dāsatva, bhṛtyatva, pitṛtva, mātṛtva, putratva, bhrātṛtva, bhartṛtva, puruṣatva, strītva, bālatva, taruṇatva, vṛddhatva--abstracts from concretes, answering to kingship, childhood &c. Of the third particular illustration is found in laghutā as excelled by laghutva, mahattā by mahatva, gurutā by gurutva, dravatā by dravatva, ajñānatā by ajñānatva, and in dātṛtā &c. im- measurably by dātṛtva, vaktṛtva, karttṛtva, niyantṛtva, bhōktṛtva &c. &c. Of the last particular the verification is in duṣṭatā, miṣṭatā, āmlatā, tīkṣṇatā, kaṭutā, kṣāratā &c. endlessly, as compared with duṣṭatva, miṣṭatva &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tva (त्व).—An affix to Sanskrit adjectives and nouns to form the noun abstract.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tva (त्व).—

1) Likeness.

2) Assimilation to the deity, one of the four states of Mukti.

Derivable forms: tvam (त्वम्).

See also (synonyms): sarūpatā.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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