Tva: 10 definitions


Tva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Tva (त्व).—tad. affix त्व (tva) in the sense of duty, nature or essence, prescribed optionally with the affix तल् (tal) (ता ()); e. g. अश्वत्वम्, गोत्वम्, अश्वता, गोता (aśvatvam, gotvam, aśvatā, gotā); cf तस्य भावस्त्वतलौ (tasya bhāvastvatalau) P. V. 1.119, also cf त्वतलोर्गुणवचनस्य (tvatalorguṇavacanasya) P. VI. 3. 35 Vart.lo.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tva (त्व).—An affix to Sanskrit adjectives and nouns to form the noun abstract. All such formations are neuter. As they demand no interpretation, and no further notice than the following exhibition of the distinction betwixt these formations and those with the affix tā, they, with the exception of certain few pertaining to Heads ii and iii., do not appear in this dictionary. These two affixes, tva & tā, are understood by Sanskrit grammarians and scholars to be, excepting only in gender, equivalent. But they are not thus equivalent:--they demand other exceptions. In being adjuncts for the formation of the abstract noun, and in being in some few instances justly interchangeable and in some other few laxly confounded, they agree; but they differ--First, In that, whilst forms the abstract from adjectives, tva, although, likewise, forming it from adjectives, forms it mainly from nouns--concrete nouns: Secondly, In that, whilst forms abstracts of quality, tva forms abstracts of office or function, state or condition, and of the stages or periods of life; thus answering to ness, tva to ship and hood: Thirdly, In that, whilst & tva both form abstract terms expressing attributes or properties, there pertains preferableness or greater eligibility to tva: Fourthly, In that tā, even in the cases common to & tva, is the popular or familiar affix, and tva the scholastic or ornate affix. Of the first and second particulars of difference exemplification may be adduced in yōgyatā, arhatā, ārdratā, uṣṇatā--abstracts from adjectives, answering to fitness, wetness &c.; and in rājatva, pradhānatva, paṇḍitatva, śiṣyatva, dāsatva, bhṛtyatva, pitṛtva, mātṛtva, putratva, bhrātṛtva, bhartṛtva, puruṣatva, strītva, bālatva, taruṇatva, vṛddhatva--abstracts from concretes, answering to kingship, childhood &c. Of the third particular illustration is found in laghutā as excelled by laghutva, mahattā by mahatva, gurutā by gurutva, dravatā by dravatva, ajñānatā by ajñānatva, and in dātṛtā &c. im- measurably by dātṛtva, vaktṛtva, karttṛtva, niyantṛtva, bhōktṛtva &c. &c. Of the last particular the verification is in duṣṭatā, miṣṭatā, āmlatā, tīkṣṇatā, kaṭutā, kṣāratā &c. endlessly, as compared with duṣṭatva, miṣṭatva &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tva (त्व).—An affix to Sanskrit adjectives and nouns to form the noun abstract.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tva (त्व).—

1) Likeness.

2) Assimilation to the deity, one of the four states of Mukti.

Derivable forms: tvam (त्वम्).

See also (synonyms): sarūpatā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tva (त्व).—mfn.

(-tvaḥ-tvā-tvaṃ) Other, different. E. tan to divide or spread, and va substituted for the final letter of the radical.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tva (त्व).—1. ([nominative] tvam) [pronoun] stem. of 2^nd [person or personal]

--- OR ---

Tva (त्व).—2. [adjective] thy, thine.

--- OR ---

Tva (त्व).—3. [adjective] one, several, many. tva—tva the one—the other; this—that (one); [neuter] tvad partly; tvad—tvad partly—partly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tva (त्व):—1 mfn. (tvad). one, several, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [tva-tva], one-the other, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda viii, 9, 9]

3) tvad, partly, [Ṛg-veda x, 72, 9; Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa xvii, 4]

4) tvadtvad, partly-partly, [Ṛg-veda vii, 101, 3; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) 2 base of the 2nd personal [pronoun]: [nominative case] tvam [accusative] tvām [instrumental case] tvayā ([and tvā, [Ṛg-veda], also in [compound] See tvā-datta, -dāta, -vṛdha etc.]) [dative case] tubhyam ([& bhya, [Ṛg-veda; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra i, 6, 2]]) [ablative] tvat or tvad ([and tvat-tas, [Mahābhārata] etc.]) [genitive case] tava [locative case] tve ([Ṛg-veda]; cf. [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya i, 19 &] [gana] cādi), tvayi ([Atharva-veda] etc.)

6) enclitic forms are [accusative] tvā ([Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]) [genitive case] [dative case] te ([Ṛg-veda] etc.; = τοι);

7) cf. [Latin] tu etc.

8) 3 mfn. thy, your, [ii, 20, 2].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tva (त्व):—[(tvaḥ-tvā-tvaṃ) a.] Other, different.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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