Mitakshara, Mitākṣarā, Mitākṣara, Mita-akshara: 11 definitions


Mitakshara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mitākṣarā and Mitākṣara can be transliterated into English as Mitaksara or Mitakshara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Mitakshara in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा).—Name of a commentary on the Saarasvatasaara, written by Harideva.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Mitakshara in Ayurveda glossary

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा) is the name of a work quoted in the Bhojanakutūhala (bhakṣyābhakṣya-prakaraṇa), which discusses the topics related to the consumption of food such as timings, do’s and don’ts, stipulations and prohibitions as prescribed in Smṛti texts.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mitakshara in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा) (also known as the Vāsanābhāṣya) is the auto-commentary that the twelfth-century Bhāskara wrote on his Siddhāntaśiromaṇi.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Mitakshara in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा) is a vivṛti (‘legal commentary’) on the Yājñavalkya-smṛti best known for its theory of “inheritance by birth.” It was written by Vijñāneśvara, a scholar in the Western Chalukya court in the late eleventh and early twelfth century.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mitakshara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mitākṣara (मिताक्षर).—a.

1) brief, measured, short, concise; कथंचिदद्रेस्तनया मिताक्षरं चिरव्यवस्थापितवागभाषत (kathaṃcidadrestanayā mitākṣaraṃ ciravyavasthāpitavāgabhāṣata) Kumārasambhava 5.63.

2) composed in verse, metrical.

- Name of a celebrated commentary by Vijñāneśvara on Yājñavalkya's Smṛti.

Mitākṣara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mita and akṣara (अक्षर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mitākṣara (मिताक्षर).—Adj. 1. Short, brief. 2. Metrical.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mitākṣara (मिताक्षर).—[adjective] composed in measured (i.e. metrical) language, concise, short, comprehensive; [feminine] ā T. of [several] commentaries.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a
—[commentary] on Gautama's Dharmasūtra, by Haradatta.

2) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—Camatkāracintāmaṇiṭīkā.

3) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—Chāndogyopaniṣadvyākhyā by Nityānandāśrama.
—Bṛhadāraṇyakavyākhyā by the same.

4) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—Praśnamanoramāṭīkā by Mathurānātha Śukla. NW. 530.

5) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—Brahmasūtraṭīkā by Annambhaṭṭa.
—by Vārkṣāyaṇa.

6) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—Muhūrtacintāmaṇiṭīkā.

7) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—Yājñavalkyasmṛtiṭīkā by Mathurānātha.

8) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—an elaborate
—[commentary] on Yājñavalkya’s Dharmaśāstra, by Vijñāneśvara. [Mackenzie Collection] 22. Cop. 16. Io. 1079. 1105. 2059. 2060. 2170. W. p. 308. Oxf. 356^a. Paris. (Gr. 3). L. 1979. Khn. 78. 80 (prāyaścitta). 82 (vyavahāra). K. 190. B. 3, 114. Ben. 134. 136 (prāyaścitta). 137 (vyavahāra). 140 (dto). 141 (ācāra). Bik. 422. 423. 436 (prāyaścitta). Kāṭm. 2. Pheh. 2. Rādh. 19 (and—[commentary]). Np. V, 158. Vii, 20. X, 10. Burnell. 126^b. P. 11. Bhk. 20. Bhr. 105-8. 604 (ācāra). Poona. 95-97. 167. 168. 196. Ii, 171-73. 183 (ācāra). 260 (vyavahāra). H. 190-92. Oppert. 112. 253 (ācāra). 318. 670. 811. 1027. 1390 (ācāra). 1540. 1661 (ācāra). 2405. 2535. 3006. 3356. 3483. 3676. 3739. 3833. 3850. 4249. 4616 (ācāra). 5161. 6408. 6531. 6663. 6786. 6996. 7149. 7399. 7624. 7778. Ii, 246. 350. 356. 1162. 1806. 1887. 1920. 2098. 2210. 2452 (ācāra). 2520. 2800. 2975. 3029. 3475. 3799. 4352. 4849. 4929. 5407. 5564. 5875. 6011. 6138. 6424 -26. 6638. 6701. 6847. 7486 (ācāra). 7703. 7745. 7773 (vyavahāra). 7810 (śrāddha). 8088. 8945. 10170. 10358. Rice. 214. Peters. 2, 187 (vyavahāra). 3, 388 (dto). Bp. 300. Bühler 557.
—[commentary] Oppert. 4605.
—[commentary] Pramitākṣarā by Nanda Paṇḍita. Bühler 546 (Pratītakṣarā).
—[commentary] by Bālambhaṭṭa on the Vyavahārakāṇḍa. This
—[commentary] is usually attributed to Lakṣmīdevī. Io. 845. 1104. Oxf. 262^b. Paris. (D. 276). B. 3, 116. Np. Vii, 20. Lahore. 10 (vyavahāra, and prāyaścitta?). Bühler 546. Sb. 109.
—[commentary] Mitākṣarāsāra by Madhusūdana Gosvāmin. Lahore. 14.
—[commentary] by Mukundalāla. NW. 134 (prāyaścitta).
—[commentary] Siddhāntasaṃgraha by Rādhāmohana Śarman. Oxf. 263^b.
—[commentary] Subodhinī on the Vyavahārādhyāya by Viśveśvara. Oxf. 262^b. Paris. (D 275). Khn. 80. K. 202. B. 3, 116. Bik. 423. Oudh. X, 10. Xv, 74. Burnell. 127^a. Lahore. 10. Oppert. Ii, 3002. 5066. Bühler 546. 558. He quotes it in the Madanapārijāta.
—[commentary] by Halāyudha Bhaṭṭa. NW. 130.

Mitākṣarā has the following synonyms: Ṛjumitākṣarā.

9) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—Rāṇakaṭīkā by Gopāla Bhaṭṭa.

10) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—Siddhāntaśiromaṇiṭīkā by Bhāskarācārya.

11) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—by Vijñāneśvara.
—[commentary] Subodhinī by Viśveśvara. The Ācārādhyāya is quoted in Madanapārijāta p. 603.

12) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—a
—[commentary] on Yājñavalkya’s Dharmaśāstra by Vijñāneśvara. Fl. 116 (Ācāra). 117 (Vyavahāra). Hz. 31 (Vyavahāra). 516 (Vyavahāra). 540. 562 (Vyavahāra). 590 (Vyavahāra). Oudh. Xx, 184. Peters. 4, 9 (2. 3). 10 (Ācāra). Rgb. 301 (inc.). Stein 100.
—[commentary] Peters. 4, 9 (Vyavahāra).
—[commentary] by Bālambhaṭṭa, i. e. Vaidyanātha Pāyaguṇḍa, the husband of Lakṣmīdeva, she being considered the authoress of this commentary. Rgb. 203. Stein 100. 313 (beginning of the Ācārādhyāya).
—[commentary] Subodhinī on the Vyavahārādhyāya by Viśveśvara. Oudh. Xx, 178. Rgb. 265 ([fragmentary]).

Mitākṣarā has the following synonyms: Ṛjumitākṣarā.

13) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—by Vijñāneśvara.
—[commentary] by Bālambhaṭṭa on the Vyavahārakāṇḍa. Ulwar 1419.
—[commentary] by Viśveśvara on the Vyavahārakāṇḍa. Ulwar 1420.

14) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—Yājñavalkyadharmaśāstrabhāṣya by Vijñāneśvara. Ak 398 (2. 3 both inc.). 399 (2). 400 (3). As p. 155 (Ācāra inc.). Bd. 354. Cr. Cs 2, 106. 107 (Ācāra). 225 (4 leaves on 3, 6. 7). 565 (Vyavahāra inc.). Hz. 732 (inc.). L.. 485 (Ācāra). 486-488 (Prāyaścitta). Peters. 6, 102. Tb. 134 (Vyavahāra). C. by Bālambhaṭṭa. Jl. (Dāyabhāga). C. by Raghunātha Vājapeyin. Peters. 6 p. 10 (Vyavahāra). C. by Lakṣmīdevī. Cs 2, 492 (Vyavahāra). C. Subodhinī by Viśveśvara. Bc 384 (Dāyabhāga). Cs 2, 108 (Vyavahāra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mitākṣara (मिताक्षर):—[from mita] mfn. having measured syllables, metrical, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

2) [v.s. ...] short and comprehensive (as a speech), [Kumāra-sambhava]

3) Mitākṣarā (मिताक्षरा):—[from mitākṣara > mita] f. Name of various concise commentaries, ([especially]) of a celebrated [commentator or commentary] by Vijñāneśvara on Yājñavalkya’s Dharmaśāstra ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 303 etc.])

[Sanskrit to German]

Mitakshara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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