Matrasamaka, Mātrāsamaka, Matra-samaka: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Matrasamaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Matrasamaka in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Mātrāsamaka (मात्रासमक) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Mātrāsamakaprakaraṇa section of the second chapter of Kedārabhaṭṭa’s Vṛttaratnākara. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries. Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.) was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody.

2) Mātrāsamaka (मात्रासमक) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Toṭaka in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

3) Mātrāsamaka (मात्रासमक) refers to one of the thirty mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the 331st chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the mātrā-samaka metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Mātrāsamaka (मात्रासमक) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Mātrāsamaka has 16 mātrās in each of their four lines, whose 9th mātra must be represented by a short letter and whose last letter must always be a long one

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matrasamaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mātrāsamaka (मात्रासमक).—Name of a class of metres; see App.

Derivable forms: mātrāsamakaḥ (मात्रासमकः).

Mātrāsamaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mātrā and samaka (समक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātrāsamaka (मात्रासमक):—[=mātrā-samaka] [from mātrā > mā] Name of a class of metres, [Colebrooke]

[Sanskrit to German]

Matrasamaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matrasamaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mātrāsamaka (ಮಾತ್ರಾಸಮಕ):—[noun] (pros.) one of the varieties of verses that are governed by prosodic rules regarding number and kinds of groups of syllables which have specific combination of prosodic units.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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