Jatimatra, aka: Jātimātra, Jati-matra; 3 Definition(s)


Jatimatra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

Jatimatra refers to one of the five sub-divisions of the Nambutiris (the socio-spiritual aristocracy of Malabar) according to Subramani Aiyar. Tampurakkal.—The eight leading physician families of Malabar, or Ashta Vaidyas, are, by an inexcusable misuse of language, called Gatimatras or nominal Nambutiris. The class of Nambutiris called Yatrakalikkar (a corruption of Sastrakalikkar) also comes under this head. They are believed to be the Brahmans, who accepted the profession of arms from their great founder. Those that actually received the territory from the hands of Parasu Rama, called Gramani Nambutiris or Gramani adhyas, are also Gatimatras. They were the virtual sovereigns of their respective lands. The physicians, the soldiers, and the landed kings, having other duties to perform, were not able to devote all their time to Vedic recitations. The mutalmura or first study was, of course, gone through. In course of time, this fact was unfortunately taken by the religious conscience of the people to lower the Brahmans who were deputed under the scheme of Parasu Rama for special functions in the service of the nation in the scale of Nambutiri society, and to mean a formal prohibition as of men unworthy to be engaged in Vedic study.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jatimatra in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jātimātra (जातिमात्र).—

1) 'mere birth', position in life obtained by mere birth.

2) caste only (but not the performance of duties pertaining to it); Ms.8.2; 12.114.

3) species, genus.

Derivable forms: jātimātram (जातिमात्रम्).

Jātimātra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jāti and mātra (मात्र).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jātimātra (जातिमात्र).—n.

(-traṃ) 1. Species, genus. 2. Caste only, not the performance of its especial duties. E. jāti, and mātra only.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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