Matta, Maṭṭa, Mattā, Mattam: 25 definitions



Matta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Matt.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Matta (मत्त).—A demon. He was born to the demon Mālyavān of his wife Sundarī. Matta had six brothers named Vajramuṣṭi, Virūpākṣa, Durmukha, Suptaghna, Yajñakośa and Unmatta. This Matta was killed in the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle. (Chapter 10, Agni Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Matta (मत्त).—An attribute of Vighneśvara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 69.
Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Matta (मत्त) refers to “intoxicated” (large wild animals), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Large wild animals (mahāmṛga) which are fearless and intoxicated (matta) sporting in the desolate forest; come forward, after seeing. Oh, Sītā! That is why living in forest is uncomfortable’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Matta (मत्त, “ecstatic”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Matta is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named śacī (the powerful one) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Mattā (मत्ता) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Mattā) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Matta (मत्त) (lit. “one who is intoxicated”) is a synonym (another name) for the [Female] Cuckoo (Kokila), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Matta (मत्त, “intoxicated”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., matta—intoxicated], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Matta (मत्त) or Mattabhramara refers to a “mad bee”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (9) Above that is the principle of Unstruck Sound; the head of ‘A’ (aśira), it is omnipresent. Like (the sound of a) mad bee [i.e., matta-bhramara-saṃkāśa], that is said to be lucid meditation. [...] (Perfect) contemplation (samādhi) is with (these) sixteen aspects and is (attained) within the form of the sixfold deposition (ṣoḍhānyāsa). He who knows this is (a veritable) Lord of Yogis, the others (who do not) are (just) quoting from books. Once attained the plane that is Void and Non-void, the yogi is freed from bondage”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Matta. One of the seven children of Panduvasudeva and Bhaddakaccana. Dpv.x.3.

2. Matta. A householder in the Viharavapi village near the Tuladhara Mountain; he was the father of Labhiya Vasabha. Mhv.xxiii.90.

3. Matta. A hunter who discovered four marvellous gems near Pelavapikagama, seven leagues to the north of Anuradhapura. He reported his discovery to Dutthagamani, and the gems were used for the Maha Thupa. Mhv.xxviii.39; MT. 512.

-- or --

1. Matta. A Theri who came to Ceylon from Jambudipa and taught the Vinaya at Anuradhapura. Dpv.xviii.12.

2. Matta. A peti. In her previous life she was married to a householder of Savatthi, but, because she was barren, her husband married another woman, named Tissa, by whom he had a child called Bhuta. One day, when Tissa and her husband were talking together, Matta was seized with jealousy and threw a heap of dirt on Tissas head. After death, Matta was born as a peti and suffered grievously. She appeared before Tissa, and, at her request, Tissa, gave alms to eight monks, giving the merit to Matta. Matta immediately won heavenly bliss. Pv.ii.3; PvA.82ff.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Matta.—(LP), a signature; corrupt form of mata, ‘approved’, written along with the signature as in mataṃ mama amukasya. See mata. Note: matta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

matta : (pp. of majjati) was intoxicated; full of joy; proud of; conceited; polished. (- ka), (in cpds.) of the size of; as much as. || mattā (f.), a measure; quantity; moderation; size. maṭṭa (adj.) smoothed; polished.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Maṭṭa, & Maṭṭha (pp. of mṛj, see majjati2) wiped, polished, clean, pure.—(a) maṭṭa: D. II, 133 (yugaṃ maṭṭaṃ dhāraṇīyaṃ: “pair of robes of burnished cloth of gold and ready for wear” trsl.); Vism. 258 (v. l. maṭṭha). Cp. sam. ° — (b) maṭṭha: Vv 8417 (su°); Miln. 248; DhA. I, 25 (°kuṇḍalī having burnished earrings); VvA. 6 (°vattha). Cp. vi°.

— or —

1) Matta, 2 (pp. of madati) intoxicated (with), full of joy about (-°), proud of, conceited Sn. 889 (mānena m.); J. IV, 4 (vedanā°, full of pain, perhaps better with v. l. °patta for °matta); VvA. 158 (hatthi matto elephant in rut); DhA. IV, 24 (id.); PvA. 47 (surā°), 86 (māna-mada°), 280 (bhoga-mada°).

2) Matta, 1 (-°) (adj.) (i.e. mattā used as adj. ) “by measure, ” measured, as far as the measure goes, i. e.—(1) consisting of, measuring (with numerals or similar expressions): appamatto kali Sn. 659; pañcamattā sata 500 DA. I, 35; saṭṭhimatte saṭṭhimatte katvā SnA 510; māsamattaṃ PvA. 55; ekādasa° ib. 20; dvādasa° 42; satta° 47; tiṃsamattehi bhikkhūhi saddhiṃ 53.—(2) (negative) as much as, i.e. only, a mere, even as little as, the mere fact (of), not even (one), not any: aṇumattena pi puññena Sn. 431; kaṭacchumattaṃ (not) even a spoonful Miln. 8; ekapaṇṇa° PvA. 115; citta °ṃ pi (not) even as much as one thought ib. 3; nāma° a mere name Miln. 25; phandana °ṃ not even one throb J. VI, 7; phandita° the mere fact of ... M. II, 24, bindu° only one drop PvA. 100; rodita° M. II, 24.—(3) (positive) as much as, so much, some, enough (of); vibhava° riches enough J. V, 40; kā pi assāsa-mattā laddhā found some relief? PvA. 104 (may be=mattā f.).—(4) like, just as what is called, one may say (often untranslateable): sita°-kāraṇā just because he smiled VvA. 68; bhesajja-mattā pītā I have taken medicine D. I, 205 (=mattā f. ?) okāsa —°ṃ (nt.) permission Sn. p, 94; putta° like children A. II, 124; maraṇa° (almost) dead M. I, 86; attano nattumatte vandanto Dha IV. 178. f. mattī (=mattin?) see mātu°.—(5) as adv. (usually in oblique cases): even at, as soon as, because of, often with other particles, like api, eva, pi, yeva: vuttamatte eva as soon as said DhA. I, 330; cintitamatte at the mere thought DhA. I, 326; naṃ jātamattaṃ yeva as soon as he was born PvA. 195; anumodana-mattena because of being pleased PvA. 121; upanītamattam eva as soon as it was bought PvA. 192; nimujjana-matte yeva as soon as she ducked her head under PvA. 47.—na mattena ... eva not only ... but even PvA. 18 (n. m. nipphalā, attano dānaphalassa bhāgino eva honti). (Page 517)

— or —

Mattā, (f.) (Vedic mātrā, of ) measure, quantity, right measure, moderation Sn. 971 (mattaṃ so jaññā); Dh. I, 35 (mattā ti pamāṇaṃ vuccati).—Abl. mattaso in °kārin doing in moderation, doing moderately Pug. 37 (=pamānena padesa-mattam eva karontī ti).—In cpds. shortened to matta°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maṭṭa (मट्ट).—a (maṭha S) Stiffstanding or stifffixed;--used of a restive or frightened horse or other beast. Hence standing fast doggedly--a person. 2 Slow, sluggish, tardigrave.

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maṭṭa (मट्ट).—a or ad Mute or still. v basa, asa, rāha, hō.

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matta (मत्त).—p (S) Intoxicated, lit. fig. (with spirits, riches, fame &c.) 2 Mad.

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matta (मत्त).—n (Properly mata) Opinion, mind. 2 A system of tenets or dogmata: also a sect, persuasion, party.

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mattā (मत्ता).—f ( A) Property or an article of property. Pr. kāḍīcī sattā āṇi lākhācī mattā (barōbara hōta nāhīṃ).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

maṭṭa (मट्ट).—a Stiff-standing. Slow. a or ad Mute. maṭṭayāsa yēṇēṃ Be exhausted with fatigue.

--- OR ---

matta (मत्त).—p Intoxicated. Mad.

--- OR ---

mattā (मत्ता).—f Property.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Matta (मत्त).—p. p. [mad-kta]

1) Intoxicated, drunk, inebriated (fig. also); Ms.11.96; मत्तं प्रमत्तमुन्मत्तं (mattaṃ pramattamunmattaṃ) ...... न रिपुं हन्ति धर्मवित् (na ripuṃ hanti dharmavit) Bhāg.1.7.36; ज्योत्स्नापानमदालसेन वपुषा मत्ताश्चकोरा- ङ्गनाः (jyotsnāpānamadālasena vapuṣā mattāścakorā- ṅganāḥ) Vb.1.11; प्रभामत्तश्चन्द्रो जगदिदमहो विभ्रमयति (prabhāmattaścandro jagadidamaho vibhramayati) K. P.1; so ऐश्वर्य°, धन°, बल° (aiśvarya°, dhana°, bala°) &c.

2) Mad, insane.

3) In rut, furious (as an elephant); जयश्रीरन्तरा वेदिर्मत्तवारणयोरिव (jayaśrīrantarā vedirmattavāraṇayoriva) R.12.93.

4) Proud, arrogant.

5) Delighted, overjoyed, excited with joy.

6) Amorous, sportive, wanton.

7) Excited by sexual desire.

-ttaḥ 1 A drunkard.

2) A mad man.

3) An elephant in rut.

4) A cuckoo.

5) A buffalo.

6) The thorn-apple or Dhattūra plant.

-ttā Spirituous or vinous liquor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matta (मत्त).—mfn.

(-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Pleased, glad, delighted. 2. Intoxicated, (drunk with liquor.) 3. Intoxicated, (with pride, passion, &c.) 4. Furious, mad, insane. m.

(-ttaḥ) 1. A furious elephant, or one in rut. 2. Buffalo. 3. The Kokila or Indian cuckoo. 4. The thornapple, (Dhutura.) f.

(-ttā) 1. Vinous liquor. 2. A species of the Pankti metre. E. mad to rejoice, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matta (मत्त).—[adjective] intoxicated, drunk (lit. & [figuratively]), excited, in rut.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṭṭa (मट्ट):—m. a kind of drum, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha] (cf. maḍḍu)

2) a kind of dance, [ib.] (also -nṛtya n.)

3) Matta (मत्त):—a etc. See p. 777, col. 3.

4) [from mad] b mfn. excited with joy, overjoyed, delighted, drunk, intoxicated ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] excited by sexual passion or desire, in rut, ruttish (as an elephant), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] furious, mad, insane, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] m. a buffalo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the Indian cuckoo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a drunkard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a ruttish or furious elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a madman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a thorn-apple, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]

14) Mattā (मत्ता):—[from matta > mad] f. any intoxicating drink, spirituous or vinous liquor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Name of a metre, [Colebrooke]

15) Matta (मत्त):—[from mad] cf. [Latin] mattus, drunk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matta (मत्त):—(ttaḥ) 1. m. A furious elephant; a buffalo; a cuckoo; the thornapple. f. (ttā) Vinous liquor. a. Pleased; intoxicated; mad.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Matta (मत्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Maia, Matta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Matta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Matta (मत्त) [Also spelled matt]:—(a) drunken, intoxicated; wayward; vagrant; ~[] drunken ness; waywardness.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Matta (मत्त) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Matta.

2) Matta (मत्त) also relates to the Sanskrit words: Amātra, Mātra.

3) Mattā (मत्ता) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Mātrā.

4) Mattā (मत्ता) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Matvā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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