Matali, Matalī, Mātali, Maṭali, Matāḷi: 24 definitions


Matali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Matāḷi can be transliterated into English as Matali or Matalii, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Matli.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Mātali (मातलि).—The charioteer of Indra. He took Arjuna to the heavenly planets. (Vana Parva in Mahābhārata)

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mātali (मातलि).—Charioteer of Indra. Chapter 69 of Vāmana Purāṇa gives the following story about the birth of Mātali.

A child was born to sage Śamīka. It was the time of Devāsura war. A great army of asuras under the leadership of Andhaka attacked Devaloka and conquered it. In the great battle with Andhaka the Vajrāyudha of Indra broke into two. Indra was thinking of a new weapon for him. Mahāviṣṇu then appeared before him and advised him to praise the glory of Agni. Indra did so and then a divine weapon rose from the fire. Indra flew at the asuras carrying the new weapon. There was no clever charioteer to drive the chariot of Indra. Still, seated in the golden chariot given to him by the Vasus Indra drove very swiftly against the asuras. The earth shivered by the din of the chariotwheels.

When the earth began to quake the sage Śamīka following directions of his wife Tapasvinī placed the child on the ground outside the hermitage. An astrologer had told her that a child would become two if it was placed in an open ground at the time of earth-quake. Tapasvinī wanted one more child. As soon as her child was placed on the ground another child identical in every respect with the first one was born by the side of the other. But the second child, as soon as it was born rose up and ran to Indra for driving his chariot.

When the Gandharvas knew he was coming to help Indra, they showered him with brilliance and the child approaching Indra said "Oh, Lord of the Devas, I shall be your charioteer." Indra asked him, "Child, whose son are you? How will you drive my horse? I doubt your competence." The child replied, "I am the son born to Śamīka on the ground. I have been given power and brilliance by the Gandharvas and so I am capable of driving your chariot." On hearing this, Indra accepted him as his charioteer and named him Mātali.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mātali (मातलि).—The charioteer of Indra;1 attacked by Jambha in the Devāsura war; attacked by Pāka; in chariot, surrounded by all the Devas against Tāraka on the other side; wounded by three darts of Tāraka; his mudgara thrown on the chariot, went to pieces. Mātali did not die;2 acted as the charioteer of Rāma in his war with Rāvaṇa.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 148. 81.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 11. 16-18, 22; Matsya-purāṇa 153. 161, 181, 193; 174. 10.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 21.
Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Mātali (मातलि) had the talent to run the horses with speed equal to that of the wind, mind etc. Flying like a bird, the chariot was going in the sky. They flew over many towns and forests.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mātali (मातलि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.164.23, III.167.7, III.170.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mātali) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Mātali (मातलि) is a messenger of Indra, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. When a war arose between the gods and asuras, and Indra sent Mātali as a messenger to King Śatānīka, begging for aid.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mātali, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Matali is the chariotteer of Indra. He is often employed by Indra as a messenger on his behalf.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Mātalī (मातली): Charioteer of Indra who took Arjuna to the kingdom of gods.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name given to the chariot driver (sahgahaka) of Sakka. The Matali of the present age had a son, Sikhandhi, with whom Bhadda Suriyavaccasa, daughter of Timbaru, was in love; but later she transferred her affections to Pancasikha (D.ii.268). Matali is Sakkas constant companion and accompanies him everywhere, more as a confidant than as a servant. See, e.g., the conversation reported at S.i.221, 224, 234ff.; and Vv.iv. 9.

Thus, he was by Sakkas side in the war against the Asuras and drove his chariot when he fled with his bride Sujata. The chariot is called Vejayanta ratha and is drawn by one thousand Sindh horses (DhA.i.279f.; J.i.202f). Matali often accompanied Sakka on his journeys to the world of men, changing his form e.g., to that of a fish in the Culladhanuggaha Jataka, a brahmin in the Bilarakosiya Jataka and in the Suddhabhojana Jataka, and a big black dog in the Mahakanha Jataka. On several occasions he was sent by Sakka to fetch human beings to Tavatimsa e.g., Guttila, Nimi, Makhadeva and Sadhina and he proved an excellent guide, pointing out to the visitors the places of interest passed on the way.

When the Buddha descended from Tavatimsa, after preaching there the Abhidhamma, he was accompanied, on the left, by Matali, offering celestial scents, garlands and flowers (DhA.iii.226). Both in the Bilarakosiya and the Sudhabhojana Jatakas (q.v.) Matali is spoken of as the son of Suriya. Ananda is said to have been Matali during several lives (J.i.206; iv.180; v. 412; vi.129); so also Maha Kassapa (J.iv.69). In the Mahasamaya Sutta (D.ii.258), Matali is described as a Gandhabba chief, while in the Atanatiya Sutta (D.iii.204) he is mentioned among the chief Yakkhas to be invoked by followers of the Buddha in time of need.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Institut Français de Pondichéry: The Shaivite legends of Kanchipuram

Mātali (மாதலி) (in Tamil) refers to Mātali in Sanskrit, and represents one of the proper nouns mentioned in the Kanchipuranam, which narrates the Shaivite Legends of Kanchipuram—an ancient and sacred district in Tamil Nadu (India). The Kanchipuranam (mentioning Mātali) reminds us that Kanchipuram represents an important seat of Hinduism where Vaishnavism and Shaivism have co-existed since ancient times.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Matali in India is the name of a plant defined with Acorus calamus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Acorus americanus Raf. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Taxon (1980)
· Leaves of Grass (1860)
· Occasional Papers, Kagoshima University Research Center for the South Pacific (1989)
· Acta Facultatis Rerum Naturalium Universitatis Comenianae, Botanica (1976)
· Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy of Ankara University (1979)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Matali, for example side effects, extract dosage, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mātalī : (m.) name of Indra's charioteer.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mātali (मातलि).—Name of the charioteer of Indra.

Derivable forms: mātaliḥ (मातलिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mātali (मातलि).—name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 93; 237.4 In Pali Mātali, Indra's charioteer (as in Sanskrit), is assumed in Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names) to be identical with a yakkha who is to be called on in time of need. This yakkha, in any case, is presumably the same as our Mātali.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātali (मातलि).—m.

(-liḥ) The charioteer of Indra. E. mātala, and patronymic aff.

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Mātalī (मातली).—f. (-lī) One of Durga'S female companions. E. mātā from mātṛ Durga, and ālī a friend.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātali (मातलि).—m. The charioteer of Indra, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 94, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātali (मातलि).—[masculine] [Name] of Indra's charioteer.

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Mātalī (मातली).—[masculine] [Name] of a divine being closely connected with Yama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mātali (मातलि):—m. Name of Indra’s charioteer, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

2) Mātalī (मातली):—m. (only [nominative case] sg. li [according to] to [Sāyaṇa] from lin) Name of a divine being associated with Yama and the Pitṛs, [Ṛg-veda] (cf. mātāli, [column]3).

3) Mātālī (माताली):—[=mātā-lī] [from mātā > mātṛ] (tālī) f. ‘the m°’s friend’, Name of a being attending on Durgā, [Horace H. Wilson] (2nd [edition] māltatī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mātali (मातलि):—(liḥ) 2. m. Indra's charioteer.

2) Mātalī (मातली):—(lī) 3. f. A maid of Durgā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Matali in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Matalī (मतली) [Also spelled matli]:—(nf) nausea, a feeling like vomiting.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mātāḷi (ಮಾತಾಳಿ):—

1) [noun] a man having the tendency to talk too much; a loquacious man.

2) [noun] that which uses, contains too many words; a verbose thing.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Maṭali (மடலி) noun < மடல். [madal.] cf. வடலி. [vadali.] Young palmyra tree; இளம்பனை. [ilambanai.] (J.)

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Maṭali (மடலி) [maṭalittal] 11 intransitive verb perhaps from மண்டலி-. [mandali-.] To bend, double; மடங்கித்திரும்புதல். (யாழ்ப்பாணத்து மானிப்பாயகராதி) [madangithirumbuthal. (yazhppanathu manippayagarathi)]

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Matāḷi (மதாளி) [matāḷittal] 11 intransitive verb cf. மதர்- [mathar-]

1. To thrive, flourish; to be luxuriant, rich and abundant; செழித்தல். [sezhithal.] (W.)

2. To be too luxuriant to be productive, as plants, soil, etc.; பயிர் முதலியன பயன்படாதபடி கொழுத்துக்கெடுதல். பயிர் மதாளித்துப் போனால் நுனிகளை அறுத்துப் போடுகை [payir muthaliyana payanpadathapadi kozhuthukkeduthal. payir mathalithup ponal nunigalai aruthup podugai] (ஈடு-முப்பத்தாறுயிரப்படி [idu-muppatharuyirappadi], 9, 5, 7, ஜீ. அரும். [ji. arum.]).

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Mātali (மாதலி) noun < mātali. Charioteer of Indra; இந்திரன்சாரதி. மாதலிதேர் முன்பு கோல் கொள்ள [inthiransarathi. mathalither munpu kol kolla] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் நாய்ச். [nalayira thivyappirapandam nays.] 5, 3).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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